Интерференция света

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<p>. </p> <p>PAGE 19</p> <p> I. </p> <p> 1</p> <p>1.1. </p> <p> , () . ( ), , , , .</p> <p> , , 19- . , , , . , , .</p> <p>1.2. </p> <p> ( ) . :</p> <p>. , , :</p> <p>.</p> <p>(1.1)</p> <p> - , . , , , ( .). (1.1) . :</p> <p>.</p> <p>(1.2)</p> <p> , , .</p> <p> 1 2</p> <p>, ,</p> <p> (1.3)</p> <p> ( .</p> <p> , . .</p> <p>. , .</p> <p> , , () . </p> <p>,</p> <p> ( , . , . </p> <p>(1.4)</p> <p> , .</p> <p>, , . , : , . , :</p> <p>(1.5)</p> <p> , (1.5) .</p> <p>. () , . , . , , :</p> <p>.</p> <p>1.3. (1801 .). </p> <p> (. 1.1).</p> <p>. 1.1 </p> <p> , . , . (. 1.2). </p> <p>. 1.2 , . , . , . </p> <p> , : . , , , :</p> <p>.</p> <p>(1.6)</p> <p> : . 1.3. (1.6) . , , </p> <p>.</p> <p>(1.7)</p> <p> ; , . .</p> <p> , :</p> <p> , ;</p> <p> , .</p> <p> , , , </p> <p> , ( , ). , , . </p> <p>.</p> <p>(1.8)</p> <p> , . , , .</p> <p>1.4. . </p> <p> , , . 1.3. </p> <p>. 1.3 , , </p> <p>. </p> <p>,</p> <p>, </p> <p>.</p> <p> , . , , </p> <p>.</p> <p>(1.9)</p> <p> (1.9) (1.7), </p> <p>.</p> <p> (1.10)</p> <p>, , , , , . (. 1.2).</p> <p> (. 1.2). : :</p> <p> .</p> <p> .</p> <p>,</p> <p> , . , , .</p> <p> ( . ( - ), . , , .</p> <p> . , , . : , . , ( ) - . ( ) , .</p> <p> , . , (. 1.1).</p> <p> , ( ) , , , , , . </p> <p> :</p> <p> ,</p> <p> (1.11)</p> <p> ( . :</p> <p>1) , . . ;</p> <p>2) (, ) , . , </p> <p> , , , . . , , . . 1.4 .</p> <p>. 1.4 2</p> <p>1.5. , </p> <p> , ( , . .), , . . ( ) </p> <p> ( , . . , , . : . , .</p> <p>1.6. ( )1.7. , , , , , . . , , </p> <p> , . , , ( , . . . , . , , , (), . .</p> <p> . , (. 1.5). </p> <p>. 1.5 </p> <p>,</p> <p> (1.12)</p> <p> ( . , . , ( , , , ( , ). , </p> <p>.</p> <p> (1.13)</p> <p> :</p> <p>,</p> <p>,</p> <p>,</p> <p>.</p> <p> , ( ) . </p> <p> , :</p> <p>,</p> <p>.</p> <p> (1.14)</p> <p> .</p> <p> , . . , - - , . ., </p> <p>.</p> <p> (1.15)</p> <p> . , ( ), , . . . ( , .</p> <p> (1.15), . , , , (1.14):</p> <p>.</p> <p> (1.16)</p> <p> , , </p> <p>1.8. ( )</p> <p> (1.14) , (, , . 1.6).</p> <p>. 1.6 , , . ( , .</p> <p> ( - , . , (. . , ) , . , , . . (16) . , ( , , .</p> <p> . 17- , , - . , 19- , (. 1.7).</p> <p>. 1.7 . 1.7. , . , :</p> <p>.</p> <p> - </p> <p>.</p> <p> (1.17)</p> <p> - , , .</p> <p>, , . . .</p> <p> . . . , . . . , , . , . , , . , , . , 0,1 . , . 0,01 .</p> <p> 3</p> <p>1.9. ( )</p> <p> , . , , , . , . . 1.8. </p> <p>. 1.8 , (, ), . ( ) . , . , , , , , . . . , .</p> <p>1.10. . </p> <p> , . , . . . (1881 .), . 1.9.</p> <p> , . , , . , , , . , , , . , , . , , , .</p> <p>, ( , . , , , . , , , , - , .</p> <p> . , , . , , , .</p> <p> , , . (1.7):</p> <p> , ( . . , , ( ; ( (. 1.11). , . (1.7) (1.7):</p> <p>, </p> <p> (1.7 )</p> <p> ( .</p> <p> (1.7 ) ( , ( (. 1.11). , . ., (1.7 ), , ( . . . (1.11): . , , (. 1.12). . 1.12 , .</p> <p> , , . 1.13. . , .</p> <p>1.11. </p> <p> , , , . , :</p> <p> (1.18)</p> <p> :</p> <p>.</p> <p>,</p> <p> (1.19)</p> <p> ( , ( , ( .</p> <p> (1.19) , . . , . 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