Интерференция света

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Конспект лекции А.А. Чумаченко

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.

PAGE 19

I.

1

1.1.

, () . ( ), , , , .

, , 19- . , , , . , , .

1.2.

( ) . :

. , , :

.

(1.1)

- , . , , , ( .). (1.1) . :

.

(1.2)

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1 2

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(1.3)

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, . .

. , .

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,

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(1.4)

, .

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(1.5)

, (1.5) .

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.

1.3. (1801 .).

(. 1.1).

. 1.1

, . , . (. 1.2).

. 1.2 , . , . , .

, : . , , , :

.

(1.6)

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(1.7)

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, :

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.

(1.8)

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, , . 1.3.

. 1.3 , ,

.

,

,

.

, . , ,

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(1.9)

(1.9) (1.7),

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(. 1.2). : :

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.

,

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, . , (. 1.1).

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:

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1) , . . ;

2) (, ) , . ,

, , , . . , , . . 1.4 .

. 1.4 2

1.5. ,

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(1.16)

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. 17- , , - . , 19- , (. 1.7).

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(1.17)

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. . . , . . . , , . , . , , . , , . , 0,1 . , . 0,01 .

3

1.9. ( )

, . , , , . , . . 1.8.

. 1.8 , (, ), . ( ) . , . , , , , , . . . , .

1.10. .

, . , . . . (1881 .), . 1.9.

, . , , . , , , . , , , . , , . , , , .

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. , , . , , , .

, , . (1.7):

, ( . . , , ( ; ( (. 1.11). , . (1.7) (1.7):

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(1.7 ) ( , ( (. 1.11). , . ., (1.7 ), , ( . . . (1.11): . , , (. 1.12). . 1.12 , .

, , . 1.13. . , .

1.11.

, , , . , :

(1.18)

:

.

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(1.19) , . . , . (. 1.10) (), , ( , . , , , - . . , .

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