ЛЕКСИКОГРАФИЧЕСКИЙ АСПЕКТ ЯВЛЕНИЯ МОТИВАЦИИ СЛОВ

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  • 141

    - -, , - ( ) . - - - - .

    - ( , -, ) , , -, , - (. . , . . , . . (), . . ). - - - ( ), - -- - - .

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    142

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    : /1 < : ,

    1: 1: /, /

    : /2 < : ,

    2: 12: 1

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    8) / -, -/-, , /-. /. /- , - , - : -, - /.

    , . . : - - [5, . 46]. , - ? [6, . 375].

    . . FOX-GLOVE (). - : The plants produce alternating, ovate to oblong leaves toward the lower part of the stem, which is capped by a tall, one-sided cluster of pendulous, bell-shaped flowers ( -, , -, ) [7, p. 914];

  • 143

    9) , -, , .

    , . . - : . . . Gartenrotschwanzchen, . ruticilla . (- 1, 147). . Roth-schwanz, .-.-. gran , .-. gra-na. [8].

    . . DAYSI (). - : .-. dages eage , - , () [9, . 312];

    10) / -.

    - , - , , , -.

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    ) - () 21 .; 20 .; (-) 13 .; 7 .; - 39 .

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    Corvus corone ( ): ,

    :) 42 . 37 . - (-) 9 . 12 . 88/12

    CROW :) (-) 56 . 44 . 56/44) cr/OW 38 .crow 62 . 38/62

    : /1 < :

    1: : /2 < : 2: : /3 < : -3: - , , 1,3 , 2 : , , - (: ) : , , , .. [10].:. vrana, . vrana, . wrona, . varna. . varna , .-. warne [11]. . . (Machek Trois noms, 99); . . , - . . (: ) . , .-. : *uornos : *uorna [8].

    : CR/OW < : , -: cr : sparr/OW, swall/OW , -, -: - (: )

    : For their typical call cow or crah ( cow crah) [7].

    :.-. crawe .-. kraja, .-.-. chrawa, chraja, kra crow .

    , - , :

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  • . 2009. 9 (87)

    144

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    Ranunculus ():

    :) () 37 . , 13 . 50 . 50/50) / 54 . 46 . 54/46

    : /1 < :

    1: 1: /, /

    : /2 < :

    GOLDEN-CUP :) , 67 . 33 . 100/0

    : GOLDEN/CUP1 < :

    1: golden , cup

    2: 12: 1 , -, : (: )

    : , .. ( ). . Ranunculus - rana . . , (, . 252).

    : , ().

    : GOLDEN/cup2 < :

    2: golden , -, -: , (: )

    : It has large, four-petaled, sulfur-yellow fl owers about 5 to 7 cm wide, with a central puff of orange stamens ( 5 7 -- , ) (Britanica, v. 5, p. 340).:CUP: .-. cuppe . . cuppa, -, . cuba , ( . cuve). .-. cupe, coupe, coppe, cope .-. cupe .., .-. copp = .-.-., . kop, .-.-. kopf .GOLDEN: 13 . gilden. .-. gylden. . aureus, , golden age (. aurea aetas), golden mean (aurea mediocritas, ) [9].

    - - - , , - , , - , -, , - , .

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  • 145

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    1. . . : ( /) // (), 1993. 2. . . ( ): . . . .

    , 1996. 3. . . // :

    . , 1996. . 1424.4. . . : -. . 2- ., . . : - -, 2004.5. / . . . . . 2. ., 1951. 6. . . . ., 1987. 7. The New Encyclopadia Britanica. P. B. Norton, J. J. Esposito. Chicago: Encyclopadia Britanica, Inc., 1994. 8. / . . . . .: - . -, 1973.9. Onions C. T., Friedrichsen G. W. S, Burchfi eld R. W. The Oxford dictionary of English etymology. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996. 10. . . 5. .: , 1986.11. . : 4 . / . . . . .: , 1964.12. The Oxford Illustrated Encyclopedia. Vol. 2. The Natural World. Oxford University Press, 1993. 13. . . : . .: -, 1995.

    . ., , . .. , 60, . , ., , 636036.E-mail: saven@mail.ru

    06.10.2009.

    A. S. Savenko

    LEXIKOGRAPHIC ASPECT OF PHENOMENON OF A WORD MOTIVATION

    The article presents lexicographic experience of phenomenon of a word motivation conception in comparative aspect with the use of the thematic word groups of birds and plants (on the base of the Russian and English languages). The models of dictionary entry of a motivational-comparative dictionary of the Russian and English languages are considered from the position of their information and source value.

    Key words: comparative motivology, lexicographic aspect, an inside form of a word, motivational meaning, psycholinguistical experiment.

    Tomsk State Pedagogical University.Ul. Lenin, 60, Seversk, Tomsk Oblast, Russia 636036.E-mail: saven@mail.ru

    . . .