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ROH

OH C OOH

C

O

CH2H3C CH2

OH H3C CH2H

C

O H3C CH3C

OH3C CH2 C

O

OH

.

-

-1

()

,

.

,

.

OH OHCH2

H3C CH

OH

CH3CH2

()

,

OH

CH3-CH2OH

H2C CH2

OHHO H2C CH2

OHOH OH

CH

H3C CH

OH

CH3CH2

CH3-CH2-CH2- OH CH2=CH-CH2- OH CH

2OH

CH3

CH

OH

CH3H3C

CH3

C

CH3

H3C OH

H2C CH CH2

OHHO OH 2

H2C CH CH2

OHHO OH 3

H2C CH CH2

OHHO OH 4

H3C CH2CH

CH3

OH

1

2

3

:

H3C CH2 CH2 CH2

OH

-1

H3C CH

CH3

2--1

OHCH2

H3C CH2 CH2 CH2

OH

-1

H3C CH2 CH CH3

OH

-2

H3C CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 OH

-1

H3C CH2 CH2 CH2 CH3O

(

)

t= 98

t = 64,5

= 0,793 /3

(

)

t= 117,3

t = 78,3

= 0,79 /3

.avi

C O

H

0,142

0,094 108,5

R O H

,

,

/3

CH3OH 97,8 64,7 0,793

CH3CH2OH 117,3 78,3 0,790

-1 CH3CH2CH2OH 127 97,2 0,804

-2 CH3CH(OH)CH3 88 82,2 0,785

-1 CH3CH2CH2CH2OH 79,9 117,7 0,809

2--1 CH3CH(CH3)CH2OH 108 108,4 0,801

-1 CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2OH 78,2 138 0,814

-1 CH3(CH2)8CH2OH 6,0 231,0 0,829

R CO

O

H

RC

O

O

H

:

) ; )

)

R

C

HO O

R

C

HO O

R

C

HO O

)

, /

,

44 42

46 78

58 0

-1 60 97

60 118

62 197

72 35

74 35

72 76

-1 74 118

74 141

+

+

+

1. ( )

2. -Hal

3.

4.

5.

6.

7. ()

( )

2C2H5OH + 2Na 2C2H5ONa + H2

CH3-CH2-OH + NaOH CH3-CH2-ONa + H2O

( )

.avi

C O H

H3C CH2 OH Br+ H3C CH2 Br + H2OH

CH3 CH2 O H + H O CH2 CH3

H2SO4 (.)

140 oC

- H2O

H3C CH CH2

OH

CH3

-

H2SO4 (.)

- H2OH3C CH CH CH3

-2

H2C CH2H2C CH2

H OH

180 oC

- H2O

H2SO4 (.)

CH3 CH2 O CH2 CH3

H3C CH2 OHCuO,

CO

H3CH

- H2O

- Cu

CO

H3CH

H3C3 CH2 OH + K2Cr2O7 + 4H2SO4 3 + K2SO4 + Cr2(SO4)3 + 7H2O

.mpg .avi

CH3CH2OH + KMnO4 + H2SO4 =

= CH3COOH + MnSO4 + K2SO4 + H2O

H3C CH2 OHPt,

CO

H3CH- H2

C2H5OH + 3O2 = 2CO2 + 3H2O

.mpg .avi

.

CH3CH2OH

( )

Na

H2 CH3CH2ONa

CH3CH2Br ()

HBr

- H2O

H2SO4 ., 80 C

H2SO4 ., 170 C

- H2O

- H2O

CH3CH2OCH2CH3

H2C=CH2

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

H2

O2

CuO

H

O

CCH3

K2Cr2O7, H+

KMnO4 , H2SO4

( )

H

O

CCH3

, H+

OH

O

CCH3

CH

OH

O CH2-CH3CH3

()

CO2 + H2O

CH3COOH,

H+

- H2O

CH3C

O

O CH2-CH3

9

8

10

-

HCl = H+ + Cl-

H2SO4 = 2H+ + SO4

2-

Na O H Ba MgO H

O H

O H

O H

Cl O H

O

O

O

P

O H

O HO H

O S

O H

O H

O

O

!

H3C CH2 BrNaOH (.)

- NaBrH3C CH2 OH

H2C CH CH3H2O, H

+

H3C CH CH3

OH

-2

( )

CO

H3CH

CH2

H2, PtH3C CH2 CH2 OH

-1

CO + 2H2 CH3OHp, .

(C6H10O5)n C6H12O6 C2H5OH

- CO2

C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2 ( ..)

CuO,ZnO,Cr2O3, 250-400 C, 5-10

CH3OH

O2 HCl

NH3

SO3

CO+H2HC CH

HC CH+CO

C6H5NH2

H2S

CO

HH

CH3Cl

CH3NH2

(CH3O)2SO2

CH3COOHH2C CH CH3O

H2C CH CH3O C

O

C6H5N(CH3)2

CH3SH

.avi

2=2 + KMnO4 + H2O

+ MnO2 + KOH

4

2

3 3 2

2

+

:

H2C CH2

OH OH

H2C CH2

O2, Ag, 300 oC H2O

H2C CH2

O

OHH2C

H2C OH2 + Cu(OH)2

OH2C

H2C OCu

O

O

CH2

CH2

+ 2H2O

H

H

CH2

CH

CH2

OH

OH

OH + Cu(OH)2

H2C

HC

H2C

O

O

O

CH2

CH

CH2

O

O

OCu

H H

H H

+ 2H2O2

.avi .avi

OHH2C

HC OH

H2C OH

HO-NO2

HO-NO2

HO-NO2

+

+

+

OH2C

HC O

H2C O

NO2

NO2

NO2

+ 3H2O

H2SO4 (.)

(1833-1896)

(1812-1888)

27-2009-1

-

1)

2)

3)

4)

29-2009-1

1)

2)

3)

4)

B1-2009-1

()

, (-)

) C6H6O

) C6H12O6

) C3H8O

) C2H6O

()

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

6)

18-2009-2

X Y

1) X KOH, Y - NaCl

2) X HOH, Y - NaOH

3) X KOH, Y - Na

4) X O2, Y - Na

27-2009-3

1)

2) (II)

3) (II)

4)

14-2009-3

1)

2) 2-

3)

4)

16-2009-3

(II)

1)

2)

3)

4)

18-2009-3

X3

1) 1,2,3-

2)

3) 2,3--1-

4)

27-2009-4

-2

1) 1- KOH

2) 2- KOH

3) 1- KOH

4) 2- KOH

26-2009-5

1)

2)

3)

4)

27-2009-5

1)

2)

3)

4)

B7-2009-5

:

1)

2)

3)

4) (III)

5)

6)

: ____________

16-2009-6

Cu(OH)2

,

1) -1,2

2) -1

3)

4) -2

28-2009-6

1)

2) (III)

3) (II)

4)

16-2009-7

1) H2

2) Cu

3) Ag2O (NH3, -)

4) Cu(OH)2

!

!