  Text Study Text Study   Idea Sharing Idea Sharing   Notes to the Text Notes to the Text   Words and Expressions Words and Expressions   Writing

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  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • Text Study Text Study Idea Sharing Idea Sharing Notes to the Text Notes to the Text Words and Expressions Words and Expressions Writing Writing
  • Slide 3
  • 3 8 Understanding Understanding Reproduction Reproduction Structure Analysis Structure Analysis Summary Summary
  • Slide 4
  • 3 8 Text StudyStructure Analysis I. Structure Analysis Event & Responses +Puzzles & Discussion+ Reiteration The Writing Model of the Text:
  • Slide 5
  • 3 8 1. Event & Responses Event the success of cloning an adult mammal Para.1 Response1. President Clinton ordered 2. Leaders in Europe began Paras. 2~3 Text StudyStructure Analysis
  • Slide 6
  • 3 8 2. Puzzles & Discussion Puzzle 1 Why would anyone want to clone a human being in the first place? Para.4 DiscussionMost experts considerPara. 5 Puzzle 2 Will it be possible to clone the dead?Para. 6 DiscussionPerhaps, if the body is fresh, says one expert Para.7 Text StudyStructure Analysis
  • Slide 7
  • 3 8 Puzzle 3 Would a cloned human be identical to the original? Para. 8 DiscussionMost of the physical differences betweenPara.10 Puzzle 4a What if parents decided to clone a child in order to harvest organs? Para.11 DiscussionMost experts agree thatPara.12 Puzzle 4b What if cloned animals could be used as organ donors? Para.13 Discussion But the human body attacks and Para.13 Text StudyStructure Analysis
  • Slide 8
  • 3 8 Puzzle 5 How would a human clone refer to the donor of its DNA? Para.14 DiscussionJudith Martin, in her writingsParas. 15~16 Puzzle 6 What are the other implications of cloning for society? Para.17 DiscussionSpecifically, some experts are concerned about Para.18 Text StudyStructure Analysis
  • Slide 9
  • 3 8 3. Reiteration (Para.19) Although the list of questions could go on, people just begin to wonder about the future of the world after cloning. Text StudyStructure Analysis
  • Slide 10
  • 3 8 II. Understanding Answer the questions from the text Text StudyUnderstanding
  • Slide 11
  • 3 8 Part I. The News (Para. 1) 1. Whats the news? Lan Wilmut and his colleagues successfully cloned a sheep named Dolly.
  • Slide 12
  • 3 8 Text StudyUnderstanding Part I. The News (Para. 1) 2. What did the success mean? A world with human clones was suddenly within reach. Related News Related News
  • Slide 13
  • 3 8 Text StudyUnderstanding Part II. The Responses (Paras. 2-3) 3. What was the response from governments? They hurried to draft guidelines.
  • Slide 14
  • 3 8 Text StudyUnderstanding Part II. The Responses (Paras. 2-3) 4. What was the response from President Clinton? He ordered to study the legal and moral implication of cloning.
  • Slide 15
  • 3 8 Text StudyUnderstanding Part III. The Puzzles (Paras. 4-5) 5. What was the response from scientists and others? They had a long list of difficult puzzles about the appearance of Dolly.
  • Slide 16
  • 3 8 Text StudyUnderstanding Part III. The Puzzles (Paras. 4-5) 6. Why would anyone want to clone a human being? Parents want to ____________________ ________________________. Adults might want to ________________ _________________. provide transplants for a dying child or to replace him various reasons clone themselves for Related News Related News
  • Slide 17
  • 3 8 Text StudyUnderstanding Part III. The Puzzles (Paras. 6-7) Yes, if the body is fresh. 7. Will it be possible to clone the dead? Related News Related News
  • Slide 18
  • 3 8 Text StudyUnderstanding Part III. The Puzzles (Paras. 8-10) 8. Would a cloned human be identical to the original? in appearance Yes No in personalities
  • Slide 19
  • 3 8 Text StudyUnderstanding (Paras. 8-10) identical genes identical people Why? 8. Would a cloned human be identical to the original?
  • Slide 20
  • 3 8 Text StudyUnderstanding Because personality is heavily influenced by life experience and environment. (Paras. 8-10)
  • Slide 21
  • 3 8 Text StudyUnderstanding Part III. The Puzzles (Paras. 11-13) 9. What if parents decided to clone a child in order to harvest organs? For the cloned child, itd be ____________________. For cloned animals, itd be _____. psychologically harmful OK
  • Slide 22
  • 3 8 Text StudyUnderstanding Part III. The Puzzles (Paras. 14-16) 10. How should a human clone refer to the donor of its DNA? the original Father ? Mother ?
  • Slide 23
  • 3 8 Text StudyUnderstanding Part III. The Puzzles (Paras. 17-18) 11. What are the other implications of cloning for society? Whether the cloned are human or not will ___________. cause debate
  • Slide 24
  • 3 8 Text StudyUnderstanding Part IV. summary and expectation. (Paras. 19) 12. Is the list of questions finished? No, it is just the beginning
  • Slide 25
  • 3 8 Text StudySummary III. Summary With the success of cloning an adult mammal, a world with human clones was suddenly _____ _____. Governments hurried to _____________ for an unknown future. At the same time, cloning has generated a long list of _____________ for scientists, politicians, and philosophers. Six puzzles or questions on the issue of cloning are listed. They are about the _____________ implications of cloning. People are just beginning to wonder about the future of the world after cloning. within draft guidelines difficult puzzles legal and moral reach
  • Slide 26
  • 3 8 Text StudyReproduction IV. Reproduction Suppose you were the scientist who cloned the mammal and would persuade the board of a big biotech company to invest your program of human cloning. Explain the necessity and the potential benefit of cloning. Tips 1. Saving lives 2. Huge market
  • Slide 27
  • 3 8 A sample beginning Text StudyReproduction Ladies and gentlemen, before revolutionary breakthroughs, some will choose to see the darker side. They hesitate; they retreat and they run away; here, we, leaders of the industry will choose to see the brighter side, welcome the chance and embrace the challenge. Some will choose to see dangers and stop before anything should happen; we here, will choose to see the opportunities and move onward to save lives
  • Slide 28
  • 3 8 Focus Study Focus Study Active Expressions Active Expressions
  • Slide 29
  • 3 8 I. Active Expressions Notes to the TextActive Expressions In English, you may find some expressions formed by very common words, but they are active and powerful. Whats on at the cinema tonight? Whats he up to? ?e.g.
  • Slide 30
  • 3 8 1. It was science fiction coming to life. 2. In the wake of this announcement, governments hurried to draft guidelines 3. Why would anyone want to clone a human being in the first place? 4. In fact, twins are more alike than clones would be, and so forth. Notes to the TextActive Expressions Find out the active expressions:
  • Slide 31
  • 3 8 Notes to the TextActive Expressions come to lifebe alive or vivid in the wake ofhappening after an event or as a result of it in the first placeat first; at the beginning and so forthused at the end of a list to show that you would continue in the same way Active Expressions
  • Slide 32
  • 3 8 Notes to the TextActive Expressions 1. 2. 3. 4. Translation
  • Slide 33
  • 3 8 Notes to the TextActive Expressions 1. When I mentioned our plans for a trip abroad, the kids came to life at once. 2. Airport security was particularly tight in the wake of bomb attacks. 3. In the first place, he never sticks to things long. 4. They sell pens, pencils, paper and so forth. More Practice Key
  • Slide 34
  • 3 8 Notes to the TextActive Expressions 1. 2. 3. , 4. More Practice
  • Slide 35
  • 3 8 Notes to the TextActive Expressions 1. The town came to life after sunrise.... 2. In the wake of the recent Wenchuan earthquake, Chinese Web sites and newspapers are filled with new reports about strange animal behavior beforehand. 3. In the first place, we should solve this problem. 4. 4.We have to study English history, architecture and so forth.Key
  • Slide 36
  • 3 8 Word that scientists succeeded in cloning an adult mammalan achievement long thought impossiblecaught the imagination of everyone. Notes to the TextFocus Study II. Focus Study
  • Slide 37
  • 3 8 the principal clause Word caught the imagination of everyone. the attributive clause that scientists succeeded in cloning an adult mammal the appositive of attributive clause an achievement (long thought impossible) Notes to the TextFocus Study Practice
  • Slide 38
  • 3 8 Combine the 2 sentences into 1 Notes to the TextFocus Study This is Dr. Wang. Dr. Wang is dean of our college. This is Dr. Wang, dean of our college. More Practice
  • Slide 39
  • 3 8 Combine the 2 sentences into 1 Notes to the TextFocus Study Bill is the head of the company. Bill had to explain what had happened Bill the head of the company, had to explain what had happened
  • Slide 40
  • 3 8 Combine the 2 sentences into 1 Notes to the TextFocus Study The news disappointed us all greatly. Our basketball team had lost in the championship. The news that our basketball team had lost in the championship disappointed us all greatly.
  • Slide 41
  • 3 8 Combine the 2 sentences into 1 Notes to the TextFocus Study The order was received yesterday. The order was we should send more medical assistant to the front. The order was received yesterday that we should send more medical assistant to the front.
  • Slide 42
  • 3 8 English to Chinese English to Chinese Word Using Word Using New to Old New to Old Matching Games Matching Games Word Building Word Building
  • Slide 43
  • 3 8 1. 1.implication n. (Title) something that is suggested Words and ExpressionsWord Using I. Word Using I resent your implication that my work is not satisfactory.Translation Key
  • Slide 44
  • 3 8 He was just plain stupid to give up this opportunity. Words and ExpressionsWord Using Translation Key 2. plain adv. used to emphasize an adj. or adv.
  • Slide 45
  • 3 8 Words and ExpressionsWord Using Translation Key The meaning of the sentence is plain. 2. plain adj. clearly visible simple We advocate plain living.
  • Slide 46
  • 3 8 Words and ExpressionsWord Using Translation Key I must be plain with you. 2. plain adj. truthful and frank not attractive; not pretty or good-looking The kid has a plain face.
  • Slide 47
  • 3 8 Words and ExpressionsWord Using Translation Key After five years hard work, promotion seemed within his reach. 3. within ones reach inside the distance that can be touched
  • Slide 48
  • 3 8 Words and ExpressionsWord Using Translation Key I think this new product will generate a lot of profits for the company. 4. generate vt. cause something to exist; produce
  • Slide 49
  • 3 8 Words and ExpressionsWord Using Translation Key Sales were mounting after prices were lowered. 5. mount vi. increase in amount or degree
  • Slide 50
  • 3 8 Words and ExpressionsWord Using Translation Key After the earthquake, no house remained intact in this village. 6. intact adj. complete and not damaged
  • Slide 51
  • 3 8 Words and ExpressionsWord Using Translation Key The tests are identical to those carried out last year. 7. be identical to/with exactly the same as Would a cloned human be identical to the original?Question
  • Slide 52
  • 3 8 Words and ExpressionsWord Using Translation Key He was not beautiful; he didnt resemble his mother. 8. resemble vt. look or be alike esp. in appearance
  • Slide 53
  • 3 8 Words and ExpressionsWord Using 9. refer to refer to sb. as = call as referto sb. /sth. =direct to sb./sth. for help go to sb. or look at sth. for information mention or talk about sb. / sth. = mention + n. /clause
  • Slide 54
  • 3 8 Words and ExpressionsWord Using 9. refer to Use it What will you refer to cloning as? Ill refer to cloning as _________. T: Complete the exercise without looking back to the text. S: Let me just refer to _________. Complaints are usually referred to ________.
  • Slide 55
  • 3 8 Words and ExpressionsWord Using Translation Key Witnesses say that the fire was deliberate. 10. deliberate adj. doing something on purposee.g. The speech was a deliberate attempt to embarrass the government.
  • Slide 56
  • 3 8 Words and ExpressionsWord Using Hes never been particularly concerned about what other people think of him.Translation Key 11. be concerned about/over give ones attention to; worry about Is there anything you concerned about recently? Whats it?Question
  • Slide 57
  • 3 8 1. The human cloning situation falls into two broad categories. 2. Parents could clone a 2nd child who resembled their 1st child. 3. The differences are so minor that detection of them becomes very hard. types looked like discovery II. New to Old Words and ExpressionsNew to old
  • Slide 58
  • 3 8 4. The concern is the deliberate altering of genes to create human beings. 5. The Europeans debated whether the unfamiliar inhabitants were human. planned discussed seriously Words and ExpressionsNew to old
  • Slide 59
  • 3 8 implication The Theory of Relativity genetic engineering in theory guideline / III. English to Chinese Words and ExpressionsE to C
  • Slide 60
  • 3 8 the splitting of the atom under the name of personality characteristics draft (vt.) be comparable to / with / , Words and ExpressionsE to C
  • Slide 61
  • 3 8 give birth to succeed in doing in the wake of fall into be divided into bring into the world coming after achieve (vt.) IV. Matching Games Words and ExpressionsMatching Games
  • Slide 62
  • 3 8 a variety of break apart come into life get around puzzle over be alive/vivid overcome all kinds of think hard about come apart Words and ExpressionsMatching Games
  • Slide 63
  • 3 8 trans Words and ExpressionsWord Building trans- means across, into another place or state. Prefix plant atlantic form port migrate to put into the ground for growth of or about the Atlantic Ocean to give shape to to carry to move from one place to another V. Word Building to remove and plant in another place beyond or cross the Atlantic to change the shape or form to carry from one place to another to move from one place to another
  • Slide 64
  • 3 8 Debate Debate
  • Slide 65
  • 3 8 No Yes Idea...

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