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- 76 - "الجديد" في المستوى الرابع 2015 اعداد : موسى ميـاس 0788556593

"قواعد, قطع, مفردات,كتابة واشتقاق"

المستوى الرابع 2014

إعداد

موسى ميـاس

ماجستير أساليب تدريس اللغة الانجليزية

0788556593

Grammar (7) : Reported Speech الكلام المنقول (الغير مباشر)

يقسم الكلام المنقول الى قسمين وهما :

Reported Statements

عند نقل الجمل الخبرية (التي تبدأ بفاعل ثم فعل ) لا بد من تحويل 1- الأفعال 2- الضمائر 3- الظروف.

وهذه الجداول الثلاثة تبين كيفية التحويل :

جدول تحويل الأفعال

التحويل

الفعل

التحويل

الفعل

التحويل

الفعل

had to

must

didn't

don't / doesn't

V.2

V.1

ought to

ought to

hadn't + V.3

didn't + V.1

had + V.3

V.2

had to

have to

could

can

was

am / is

had to

has to

would

will

were

are

to + V.1

to + V.1

should

shall

had been

was / were

had + V.3

had + V.3

might

may

had

have / has

جدول تحويل الضمائر

ضمائر الملكية

ضمائر المفعول به

ضمائر الفاعل

my = his , her

me = him , her

I = he , she

our = their

us = them

we = they

your = my , his , her ,

our , their .

you = me , him , her ,

us , them .

you = I , he , she ,

we , they

جدول تحويل الظروف

الظرف

التحويل

الظرف

التحويل

الظرف

التحويل

now

then

tomorrow

the following day

the day after

today

that day

here

there

yesterday

the previous day

the day before

at the moment

at that moment

this

that

next -------

the ------- after

these

those

last -------

the ------- before

tonight

that night

سؤالــــــــــــــــــــــ :

كيف نحول الجمل الخبرية من الكلام المباشر الى الكلام الغير مباشر ؟

1. نضع جملة تقديم الجملة الخبرية وهي Majdi said (that) / Majdi told Muna , وتكون مكتوبة عادةَ .

2. نحول الضمائر والأفعال والظروف كلُ حسب جدوله .

3. نكمل ما تبقى من الجملة .

e.g. "I will meet you here tomorrow."

Samya told Ali (that) she would meet him there the day after.

Complete these sentences so that the new one has a similar meaning to the one before it.

1. "I spend a lot of time away from home." Firas said …………………………….…………………………………………………..

2. "I have lost my glasses." Samya told Leila …………………………………………………………………………

3. "My parents spend every day of their lives together." Mazin told his friends …………………………………………………………………..

4. "I won two cooking competitions last year." He said ……………………………………………………………….…………………..

5. "I love the Internet more than you." He told his friend …………………………………………………………………………

6. "Mum, I will help you after I finish my homework." She told her mother (that) ……………………………………………………..………...

7. "I'm working here to pay for my new car." He said ……………………………………………………………….…………………..

8. "I am going to do it until the end of next month." He said ……………………………………………………………….…………………..

9. "I am sure the soup will be delicious." He said …………………………………………………………………………………..

10. "My own restaurant is opening today and I invite all of you for a free meal." He told us ……………………………………………………………………….……….

11. "She's had a couple of accidents so far." She said …………………………………………………………………………………..

12. "I‘d like to go the market with my friends tomorrow." He said (that) ………………………………………….………………………………….

13. "I will give all of you the exam results tomorrow." Our teacher said …………………………………………………...……………………..

14. "We won't lend you our car." My parents said …………………………………………………………………………..

15. Muna: "I wasn't looking after my little brother." Muna said ………………………………………………………………………………...

16. Samya: "I didn’t take your bracelet, Leila." Samya denied …………………………………………………………………………….

17. "I didn’t damage your car, Ahmed." Ahmed’s friend told him …………………………………………………………………

18. "I slept for ten hours yesterday." Muna added ………………………………………………………………………………

19. "My parents spent everyday of their lives together." Rula said ………………………………………………………………………………...

20. "They always had a good social life and kept in regular touch with us." Ruba added ………………………………………………………………………………

21. "I’m not sure, but I suggest that." Samya told me ………………………………………………………….………………..

22. "They were both involved in farming for most of their lives." Moa’th said ……………………………………………………………...………………..

23. "I never did paid work." Muna’s mother said ………………………………………………………………………

24. Headmaster: "You must come to your work earlier" The headmaster told the teachers ……………………………………………….……….

25. "Mum, I will visit my aunt tomorrow." Leila told …………………………………………………………………………………

26. "I wish I visited Mecca." He regretted …………………………………………………………………………….

27. "I’ve hurt my back which means I have to get someone to do my shoes up for me." He said ……………………………………………………………………………………

===================================================================

3- Reported Questions

تقسم الأسئلة الى نوعين :

1- الأسئلة المقالية : وهي الأسئلة التي تبدأ بأداة سؤال مثل (what, why, where, when, which, who, how, etc)

وتكون اجاباتها على شكل جملة .

e.g. What is your name? My name is Rami.

2- اسئلة نعم / لا : وهي الأسئلة التي تبدأ بفعل مساعد مثل (Do, Does, Did, Are, Have, Will, Can, Has, etc) وتكون اجاباتها اما (Yes) واما (No) .

e.g. Is your name Rami? Yes, it is.

===================================================================

عند نقل الأسئلة المقالية نتبع الخطوات التالية :

1- نضع جملة نقل السؤال (وتكون مكتوبة عادةَ) وهي He asked

2- نكتب أداة السؤال كما هي .

3- نطبق عملية التبديل. ( تبديل الأماكن بين الفعل المساعد والفاعل )

4- نطبق عملية التحويل . ( تحويل الأفعال والضمائر والظروف كل حسب جدوله )

5- نكمل ما تبقى من الجملة ثم نضع نقطة بدلاَ من أداة الاستفهام .

e.g. How long have you been here?

1. She asked me ….

2. She asked me how long ….

3. She asked me how long you have been here?

4. She asked me how long I had been here?

5. She asked me how long I had been there.

Change these wh-questions into the reported speech.

1. "Why were the newly-appointed doctors dismissed?" The reporter asked ………………………………………………………………….….…

2. Omar: "What is your father's job?" Omar asked Salem ……………………………………………………………………….

3. "How many cousins have you got, Muna?" He asked Muna ………………………………………