1-3. answers will vary. 1 and 2. answers will vary. however, nutritionists recommend eating a...

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  • 1-3. Answers will vary.

  • 1 and 2. Answers will vary. However, nutritionists recommend eating a balanced diet of foods from all four groups pictured.

  • All except the last response, What is the most popular kind of pizza?

  • Lesson 2AClick here to enlarge the passage

  • VocabularyLesson 2A

  • ingredient(n.) something used to make something else, usually food

  • cover(v.) to place something over something else

  • various(adj.) different types of the thing mentioned

  • develop(v.) to grow or change over time

  • standard(adj.) usual or normal

  • learn(v.) to obtain knowledge or a skill through studying or experience

  • tradition(n.) a custom or belief that has existed for a long time

  • poor(adj.) having little or no money

  • step(n.) the next in a series of actions

  • serve(v.) to give people food and drinks

  • entire passagelines 7-8lines 16-17

  • line 17lines 19-20

  • Stoneexplorers200Naplesrestaurant350

  • variouslearned

  • traditionalservingingredientdeveloped

  • Naga Jolokia

  • Lesson 2BClick here to enlarge the passage

  • VocabularyLesson 2B

  • experience(v.) to sense, feel, or be affected by something

  • cause(v.) to make something happen

  • plant(n.) a living thing that is green and grows in the ground

  • health(n.) the condition of a persons body

  • measure(v.) to find out what quantity or value you have of something

  • unit(n.) a fixed measurement

  • produce(v.) to make or create

  • recent(adj.) something that happened only a short while ago

  • broke(v.) to do better

  • stay(v.) to continue to be in a particular state or situation

  • entire passagelines 1-2lines 17-18

  • line 21lines 26-27

  • breakcauseexperienceproduceplant

  • plantrecent

  • healthmeasureunitsstay

  • beans, corn, chilies, tacos, tortillas, cheese

  • experiencepoortraditionalrecentlearning

  • staystepvariousstandardserved

  • Answer will vary, but complexity may depend on the number of ingredients and steps of preparation.Answer will vary.

  • For More Informationhttp://www.foodtimeline.org/


  • Key Words for Internet Research

    chocolatesugar productionhistory of hamburgerspicesMexican foodpizza

  • Reading Skills

  • Understanding the Main IdeaOnce we've determined the text type of a passage, and what it's generally about, we usually then read on to understand the main idea of the passage. In other words: What is the writer basically telling us? Or, What is the writer's main message? Understanding the main idea of a text means being able to identify the most important point or information in the passage.

  • Identifying DetailsIdentifying details in a text to answer specific questions (eg: who, what, when, where, why) is often achieved through a strategy known as Scanning for details. This is actually a technique often used in daily life when looking up a word in the telephone book or dictionary. Also when you read a newspaper, you're probably not reading it word-by-word, instead you're scanning the text for important information of interest.

  • ParaphrasingParaphrasing involves the skill of identifying a restatement of a section in a passage that retains the basic meaning while changing the words, often explained in a more simplified form. A paraphrase often clarifies a more ambiguous original statement in the text by putting it into alternative words that are often more easily understood.

  • Defining VocabularyOften a reading passage contains definitions or explanations of new words related to the topic. The definitions in the text may be given through different clues to help you identify how the author has explained its meaning. It is important to understand synonyms or parallel expressions are often used to define target vocabulary items.

  • Making InferencesWhen we read a text, the author does not tell us everything. Therefore, we must be able to guess some things and make clear assumptions from the information, facts, opinions and authors feelings presented in the passage. Such a process of guessing and critical thinking is called Making inferences

  • Reading for GistReading for gist is readingto get a general sense of what a reading passage is basically about. In other words, we read to understand the main topic, or theme of the passage. For example, a reading passage might basically be about a new type of technology, or a tourist's vacation trip, or a story about a fictional character.

  • Understanding ReferenceUnderstanding reference in a text is an important reading skill which involves focusing on specific meaning of pronoun references used throughout a passage (eg: this, those, their, it). This is an important skill to help develop full comprehension of significant details of a section of a passage which refer back to previous statements made.