1-3. answers will vary. 1 and 2. answers will vary. however, nutritionists recommend eating a...
Click here to load reader
Post on 29-Dec-2015
Embed Size (px)
1-3. Answers will vary.
1 and 2. Answers will vary. However, nutritionists recommend eating a balanced diet of foods from all four groups pictured.
All except the last response, What is the most popular kind of pizza?
Lesson 2AClick here to enlarge the passage
ingredient(n.) something used to make something else, usually food
cover(v.) to place something over something else
various(adj.) different types of the thing mentioned
develop(v.) to grow or change over time
standard(adj.) usual or normal
learn(v.) to obtain knowledge or a skill through studying or experience
tradition(n.) a custom or belief that has existed for a long time
poor(adj.) having little or no money
step(n.) the next in a series of actions
serve(v.) to give people food and drinks
entire passagelines 7-8lines 16-17
line 17lines 19-20
Lesson 2BClick here to enlarge the passage
experience(v.) to sense, feel, or be affected by something
cause(v.) to make something happen
plant(n.) a living thing that is green and grows in the ground
health(n.) the condition of a persons body
measure(v.) to find out what quantity or value you have of something
unit(n.) a fixed measurement
produce(v.) to make or create
recent(adj.) something that happened only a short while ago
broke(v.) to do better
stay(v.) to continue to be in a particular state or situation
entire passagelines 1-2lines 17-18
line 21lines 26-27
beans, corn, chilies, tacos, tortillas, cheese
Answer will vary, but complexity may depend on the number of ingredients and steps of preparation.Answer will vary.
For More Informationhttp://www.foodtimeline.org/
Key Words for Internet Research
chocolatesugar productionhistory of hamburgerspicesMexican foodpizza
Understanding the Main IdeaOnce we've determined the text type of a passage, and what it's generally about, we usually then read on to understand the main idea of the passage. In other words: What is the writer basically telling us? Or, What is the writer's main message? Understanding the main idea of a text means being able to identify the most important point or information in the passage.
Identifying DetailsIdentifying details in a text to answer specific questions (eg: who, what, when, where, why) is often achieved through a strategy known as Scanning for details. This is actually a technique often used in daily life when looking up a word in the telephone book or dictionary. Also when you read a newspaper, you're probably not reading it word-by-word, instead you're scanning the text for important information of interest.
ParaphrasingParaphrasing involves the skill of identifying a restatement of a section in a passage that retains the basic meaning while changing the words, often explained in a more simplified form. A paraphrase often clarifies a more ambiguous original statement in the text by putting it into alternative words that are often more easily understood.
Defining VocabularyOften a reading passage contains definitions or explanations of new words related to the topic. The definitions in the text may be given through different clues to help you identify how the author has explained its meaning. It is important to understand synonyms or parallel expressions are often used to define target vocabulary items.
Making InferencesWhen we read a text, the author does not tell us everything. Therefore, we must be able to guess some things and make clear assumptions from the information, facts, opinions and authors feelings presented in the passage. Such a process of guessing and critical thinking is called Making inferences
Reading for GistReading for gist is readingto get a general sense of what a reading passage is basically about. In other words, we read to understand the main topic, or theme of the passage. For example, a reading passage might basically be about a new type of technology, or a tourist's vacation trip, or a story about a fictional character.
Understanding ReferenceUnderstanding reference in a text is an important reading skill which involves focusing on specific meaning of pronoun references used throughout a passage (eg: this, those, their, it). This is an important skill to help develop full comprehension of significant details of a section of a passage which refer back to previous statements made.