1 invenergy. harnessing the wind transmission system typical wind park electrical transmission...

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1 Invenergy

Author: godfrey-griffith

Post on 18-Jan-2016




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  • *Invenergy

  • Harnessing the Wind

  • Transmission System

  • Nacelle Cutaway

  • Turbine Foundation

  • Completed Foundation

  • Tower Section Installation

  • Blade Erection

  • Completed Wind Turbine

  • Wind Energy=Fastest Growing Electric Generation Source

    Global- Climate Change, Carbon Constraints

    National- Climate Change, Energy Independence, Economic Growth

    State- Climate Change, Renewable Portfolio Standards, Economic Growth

    Local- Economic Opportunity

  • Fundamentals of Wind Energy DevelopmentWindLandTransmissionPermitsMarket

  • Local Permitting: CountyProjects < 105 MWStudies/ Environmental RequirementsTimelineChallenges/ Benefits

  • State Permitting: EFSCWind Projects > 105 MW required, possible election on smaller projectsStudies/Environmental RequirementsTimelineChallenges/Benefits

  • Federal Permitting: NEPAFederal process guided by the National Environmental Policy Act, Federal LandsEIS or EAChallenges/ Benefits

  • Typical 100 MW Wind FarmA $250 million dollar average capital cost

    40-2.5 MW Turbines 67- 1.5MW Turbines

    Generates enough electricity for 30,000 average U.S. homes

    Permanent disturbed footprint is often less than 100 acres

    200 construction jobs and 10-15 permanent jobs

  • Long Term Economic BenefitsLocal County Tax Revenue 10 direct high paying benefited jobs, ongoing operations and maintenance activitiesLease and royalty payments paid to project landowners throughout life of projectIndirect jobs created to support new industryTotal local private sector economic activity generated during the life of the project will total $50-100 million.

  • Short Term Economic Benefits8-12 month construction period provides high intensity burst of economic activity Project construction: average of over 200 workers and a $10,000,000 payrollTotal economic benefit of construction activity includes $20 million in revenue to local industries; $15 million in labor income and 350 direct and indirect jobs$10 million in construction goods and services purchased locally, resulting in close to $15 million worth of indirect economic activitySubstantial benefit to local housing, lodging, restaurant and entertainment industries from out of area labor

  • Environmental IssuesWildlife : Birds, Bats, OwlsVisual Impacts Noise

    4th generation wind farm technology has overcome many of the early drawbacks: greatly reduced noise, dangers to bird life, visual impact remain most difficult to mitigate impact of wind farms

  • Sound Levels

  • Environmental Benefits

    Carbon Dioxide Reduction: a typical 100 MW wind farm reduces carbon production by 200,000-300,000 tons annuallySulfur Dioxide, Nitrous Oxide, Mercury, and Particulate free energy sourceWind power uses no water, especially important for power generation in arid Oregon agricultural areas

  • Why is Wind growing in Oregon?WindTransmissionLandEconomic BenefitsRegulatory EnvironmentAccess to Markets

    Key factors that set Oregon apart in successful wind projects is a government and business climate conducive to project development, and large existing transmission infrastructure