1 st battle of bull run

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1 st Battle of Bull Run. The Battle of Manassas. Call to Arms. Two days after Ft. Sumter, Lincoln issues proclamation calling for 75,000 volunteers Volunteers agree to serve for 3 months in order to put down the rebellion in the south - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • 1st Battle of Bull RunThe Battle of Manassas

  • Call to ArmsTwo days after Ft. Sumter, Lincoln issues proclamation calling for 75,000 volunteersVolunteers agree to serve for 3 months in order to put down the rebellion in the southLincoln got more than enough volunteers, but 4 more states seceded in response

  • BackgroundOn to RichmondAfter losing Ft. Sumter, Union forces wanted to take the capital of the CSA.Wanted to take Richmond, Virginia39,000 Union Soldiers marched to RichmondBrigadier General Irvin McDowell

  • BackgroundGoal To capture the Virginia railroad line at Manassas Junction

  • Background21,000 Confederate troopsLed by Hero of Ft. SumterBrigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard11,000 additional troopsBrigadier General Joseph E. JohnstonReinforce Beauregard

  • Picnicking at the Battle GroundPeople carried picnic baskets and champagneBrought binoculars to view the action more closelyBelieved the battle would not last longNo doubt that the Northern army would easily overpower the Rebels

  • The Fight BeginsJuly 21, 1861Manassas Junction, VirginiaNear Bull Run Creek30 miles west of Washington D.C.

  • FightingUnion Forces, led by McDowell cross Bull Run Creek and attack the RebelsTroops were undisciplined, inadequately trained, and poorly equipped.Officers had little experience leading large armies

  • Fighting ContinuesAt First,Union army successfully pushed back the left side of the Confederate ArmyConfederates RallyThomas Stonewall JacksonHe held Like a Stone Wall.

  • ReinforcementsConfederates receive reinforcementsPush the tired Union troops back toward Bull Run CreekUnion RetreatsBegan as an orderly retreatArmy runs into hundreds of onlookersPicnickers panicked and got in the way of retreating soldiers

  • Battle OutcomeThe Rebels troops defeated the Union forcesThey won the first major battle in the warThe Union hope of winning the war quickly disapearedProved both armies needed training

  • Outcome ContinuedUnion General Winfield Scott retiresGeneral George McClellan appointed to lead the Union ArmyTakes time to train the army

  • CasualtiesNorth2,896 Casualties460 Killed1,124 Wounded1,312 MissingSouth1,982 Casualties387 Killed1,582 Wounded13 Missing