10 modul desain pengelolaan database

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Program Reguler & Inhouse

Desain dan Pengelolaan Database

DAFTAR ISIProses Informasi...................................................................................................................................1 Manajemen Data...................................................................................................................................4 2.1 Pendahuluan...............................................................................................................................4 2.2 Manajemen Data Individual.......................................................................................................4 2.3 Manajemen Data Organisasi......................................................................................................6 2.4 Lingkaran Sistem Informasi.......................................................................................................6 2.5 Atribut-atribut Data....................................................................................................................7 2.5.1 Dapat di dibagi-bagi (shareable).......................................................................................7 2.5.2 Dapat di pindahkan (Transportable)...................................................................................7 2.5.3 Aman (Secure)....................................................................................................................7 2.5.4 Akurat (Accurate)...............................................................................................................7 2.5.5 Terkini ( Timely)................................................................................................................8 2.5.6 Relefan (Relevant).............................................................................................................8 2.6 Komponen dari Memori Organisasi...........................................................................................8 2.6.1 Anggota dalam Organisasi ( People)..................................................................................9 2.6.2 Tabel-Tabel.......................................................................................................................10 2.6.3 Dokumen..........................................................................................................................11 2.6.4 Multimedia.......................................................................................................................11 2.6.5 Model...............................................................................................................................12 2.6.6 Knowledge.......................................................................................................................12 2.6.7 Keputusan.........................................................................................................................12 2.7 Permasalahan dengan Data Sistem Manajemen......................................................................12 2.7.1 Duplikasi Data .................................................................................................................12 2.7.2 Kurangnya Kontrol Terhadap Data..................................................................................12 2.7.3 Kurangnya antar muka akses data....................................................................................13 2.7.4 Respon yang Lama...........................................................................................................13 2.7.5 Tidak Dapat menjawab permasalahan di dunia nyata......................................................13 2.7.6 Kurangnya Integrasi Data................................................................................................13 2.8 Data, Informasi dan Knowledge..............................................................................................14 2.9 Kesimpulan..............................................................................................................................15 Informasi.............................................................................................................................................16 3.1 Pandangan Sejarah...................................................................................................................16 3.1.1 Sejarah Sistem Informasi.................................................................................................17 3.1.2 Kelas Informasi................................................................................................................18 3.1.3 Informasi dan Perubahan Organisasi...............................................................................19 3.1.4 Penentuan Target Informasi.............................................................................................19 Sistem Database..................................................................................................................................21 4.1 Pendahuluan.............................................................................................................................21 4.2 Aplikasi-aplikasi sistem database............................................................................................21 4.3 Sistem Database vs Sistem File...............................................................................................22 4.4 Keunggulan DBMS..................................................................................................................23 4.5 Bahasa Pengolah Database......................................................................................................23 4.5.1 Data Definition Language (DDL)....................................................................................24 4.5.2 Data Manipulation Language (DML)..............................................................................24 4.6 Akses database dari Aplikasi Program.....................................................................................24 LP3T Nurul Fikri i

Program Reguler & Inhouse

Desain dan Pengelolaan Database

4.7 Pengguna Database..................................................................................................................24 4.7.1 User database dan Antar muka.........................................................................................24 4.7.2 Administrator database ....................................................................................................25 4.8 Struktur Sistem Database.........................................................................................................25 4.8.1 Storage Manager .............................................................................................................25 4.8.2 Query Processor...............................................................................................................27 4.9 Arsitektur Aplikasi...................................................................................................................28 4.10 Sejarah sistem database.........................................................................................................28 Model Entity Relationship (E-R)........................................................................................................30 5.1 Pengenalan Desain Database...................................................................................................30 5.2 Entitas dan Atribut ..................................................................................................................31 5.2.1 Primary Key.....................................................................................................................31 5.3 Relasi antar Entitas..................................................................................................................31 5.4 Fitur-fitur lain dari Model E-R................................................................................................33 5.4.1 Key Constraints................................................................................................................34 5.4.2 Partisipasi konstrain.........................................................................................................34 5.4.3 Weak Entity......................................................................................................................35 5.4.4 Entity vs Atribut...............................................................................................................35 SQL dan Model Relasional Data........................................................................................................38 6.1 Pendahuluan.............................................................................................................................38 6.2 Structured Query Language (SQL)..........................................................................................38 6.2.1 Data Definition Language................................................................................................39 6.2.2 Data Manipulation Language...........................................................................................39 6.2.3 Embedded and Dynamic SQL..........................................................................................39 6.2.4 Trigger .............................................................................................................................39 6.3 Konstruksi Model Relasional...................................................................................................39 6.4 Perintah SQL............................................................................................................................40 6.4.1 Mendefinisikan Table.......................................................................................................40 6.4.2 Mem