1.1 short stories

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JOb by Dan Preston short story study


  • 1.Adapted from NZQA resource booklet by Christine WellsUpdated for 1:1 devices 20141.1 SHOW UNDERSTANDING OF SPECIFIED ASPECTS OF STUDIED WRITTEN TEXTS USING SUPPORTING EVIDENCE. External 4 credits

2. Your mission As we study the short story, Job, you will be required to make a study guide for yourself. You will use Creative Book Builder, Book Creator, or a similar app or website of your choice to do this. This study guide will include all of the information you need to know the story well. Any task that you do and any artifacts that you create will need to be added to the study guide. 3. Types of short story GatheringSlice of Life: Deals with an experience of ordinary life; often has no climax; reveals character and situation. Surprise Ending: Popular form, includes horror, suspense stories. Story of Incident: Looks at the course and outcome of a single event. Story of Narration: Beginning, middle and end, building to a climax, often with a turning point. May cover a long period of time. Story of Atmosphere: Bringing alive a certain mood or setting. Story of Character: Reveals a characters mind, motivation or moral quality. 4. Job by Dan Preston: Plot If something happens or is described in a short story, it is important and there is a reason for it. The plot contains only a few incidents, which are sketchily drawn, very condensed and neatly put together. 1. Read the story. 2. TASK: Use the BeforeNow app to create a flow chart to show the progression of the story. For each section, write a brief description from the Thinking Using story. language, text and Include a picture toGathering represent the section. symbols Processing ApplyingManaging self 5. Characters 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.Thinking Using language, text and symbols Managing selfSeldom more than two or three characters are described in any detail. Any information about the characters is important to the story. Characters seldom develop or change in any way during the story, which often deals with a point of crisis in one persons life. List the characters in the story. Describe the crisis in Jobs life. Explain how he coped with it. What do we learn about the type of person he is? Create a short iMovie to make a news item about the crisis in Jobs life. Include an interview with Job and one other character. Your interview should include information from Gathering questions 2, 3 and 4. Processing 6. Character ProfilesThinking Using language, text and symbols Managing selfChoose 2 characters and use PicCollage to create a personal profile for each one. Find pictures that you think represent each character well. Include: Name Age Gender Occupation Interests Gathering 1. 7. Protagonist and Antagonist 1. 2.3.Thinking Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributingThe protagonist is the leading character in the story, the one that the audience empathises with. The antagonist is the main character who is in opposition to the protagonist. In pairs, Identify the protagonist and the antagonist. Use SimpleMind+ to brainstorm a list of at least 5 adjectives for the protagonist and 5 adjectives for the antagonist in the story. Choose 3 for each person and locate a quote from the story that supports each adjective. Gathering Processing 8. Compare and Contrast Processing Applying 1.2.Thinking Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributingCreate a Venn diagram to show the similarities and differences between 2 characters. Choose 1 similarity and one difference and discuss what may have caused this similarity or difference. 9. Setting GatheringShort Stories are usually located in one place and are usually set during a brief time period. Setting is rarely described in detail and is often of little significance story could happen in any city or secondary school etc. Important details of setting are often described rather than the whole setting. 10. Setting descriptionGathering ProcessingAs a class: 1. Brainstorm a list of adjectives to describe Jobs house. 2. Locate 3 quotes from the story that link to your adjectives. Use Skitch to import a photo and write the adjectives and quotes onto. 3. Add a text box and explain why the setting helps the reader to understand the characters. Thinking Relating to others Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributing 11. Setting & EffectThinking Relating to others Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributingProcessing ApplyingAs a class discuss the following: 1. Explain the effect that the setting has on the life of Job. 2. Imagine how the setting would affect you. Write a paragraph to describe how you would react to the setting. 3. Explain what you think the author wants us to learn about Job by placing him in this 12. Themes GatheringIn short stories, themes are usually stated in the most general terms, or hinted at subtly through repetition of certain words or phrases or through the title. A short story does not necessarily contain a particular message, other than to say this situation exists can you understand how it feels? Many slice of life stories are like this. 13. Choose from the list: Love Violence Family drama Good vs evil Conflict Transformation Man struggles against nature Society vs individual Friendship is dependant on sacrifice. Overcoming adversity The importance of family Sacrifice brings reward Humans all have the same needsGathering ProcessingLoss of innocence. A person grows only in a crisis of confidence or identity. Enjoy life now because we all die too soon. Isolation. Through alienation comes selfknowledge. Modern culture lacks community. Mans struggle to understand God Crime does not pay 14. Thinking Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributingTheme & text 1.2.As a class brainstorm a list of possible themes. For each theme, describe the relevant section of the story where the theme is shown.Gathering ProcessingThemes 15. Theme & charactersThinking Using language, text and symbols Managing selfUse Educreations to create a short presentation to answer the following: 1. Choose 2 themes and list the characters that are linked to each theme. 2. Explain why you linked each character to the theme. 3. Speculate on and explain what you think the author wants us to learn about these characters by using this theme. Processing Applying 16. Theme in action 1.2.Choose a part of the story that shows one of the themes in action and use ComicBook to create a short cartoon to show what happens. Include dialogue from the story. Thinking Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributingProcessing Applying 17. Thinking Relating to others Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributingTheme quotes collageIn pairs: 1. Use Word Collage to create a collage of quotes from the story that are linked to the main theme.Gatherin g Processi ng Applying 18. Style 1.GatheringThinking Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributingA short story can be likened to a microscope the chosen details are magnified and the background detail is cut out. Short Stories have limited space so they are usually very structured. Short Stories use an economy of style material is carefully selected and arranged so certain words, images or ideas are repeated. Repetition emphasises important ideas and links different parts of the story. As a class, find 2-3 examples of repeated words, ideas or images from the story and record them. 19. LanguageThinking Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributingAtmosphere and creating tension between characters is important to the stories effectiveness. Tension is achieved through the use of descriptive and emotive words to show stress or conflict. The type of language used can help us understand the characters and the sort of people they are. As a class: 1. Locate at least 5 words or phrases that show stress or conflict. 2. Explain what type of language the author uses. Is it formal or informal? Record an example to support your opinion. 3. Record an example of a characters speech and explain what we learn about them as a person. Gathering Processing 20. Language featuresThinking Relating to others Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributingLanguage features are used to add description, sound effects and help the reader visualise what is in the story. These include: alliteration, assonance, simile, personification, metaphor, onomatopoeia, rhyme and repetition. Work in pairs to: 1. Choose 3 language features and find examples from the story. 2. For each one, write a sentence to explain why it is effective. 3. Link each language feature to a theme in the text. Explain why you linked it what did it help you understand about the theme? Gathering Processing 21. Narrative viewpoint 1.2.3. 4.Thinking Using language, text and symbols Managing selfA first person story (I) has one character as narrator. The viewpoint may be less obvious in other stories but often the reader only finds out what one character learns or sees other characters from one persons point of view. Is the story written in first, second or third person? Whose point of view is the story told from? Identify whose voice is heard the most in the story. Record an example from the story. Use the Paper app to draw a picture of the character and a speech bubble of them saying Gathering something that you found interesting Processing from the 22. Style, Language & Narrative Viewpoint Either a) Use Quiz your Friends to create a quiz on the information you have gathered about style, language and narrative viewpoint Or b) Create a presentation to show what you have learned. You may use Keynote, Educreations, Prezi or another appropriate app or website. 23. EventGathering ProcessingThinking Relating to others Using language, t