150608 country presentation1b dorothee

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  1. 1. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 1 IFCN Conference 2015 Assessing farmers cost of compliance with legislation in the fields of environment, animal welfare and food safety The dairy sector Presented by: Dorothee Boelling IFCN, Dairy Farm Analysis Dorothee.Boelling@ifcndairy.org
  2. 2. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 2 Participating partners Anna-Maija Heikkil, Sami Ovaska, Finland Dorothee Boelling, IFCN, Germany Fiona Thorne, Cathal Buckley, Ireland Michel de Haan, the Netherlands Ewa Koloszycz, Poland Hugo Quattrochi, Argentina Nicola Shadbolt, New Zealand Project coordinator Alberto Menghi, CRPA, Italy
  3. 3. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 3 Outline/Agenda 1. Introduction to the project 2. Examples for some cost calculations 3. Results: cost of compliance Thanks to the contributing partners: Sami + Anna-Maija, Fiona + Cathal, Michel, Ewa, Hugo, and Nicola for the case studies Alberto for the project management Dorothee for compilation of the dairy data and report writing The output: This presentation gives a summary of an EU-project where partners of IFCN worked successfully together.
  4. 4. Introduction to the project
  5. 5. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 5 Country specifics Country Cow no. Production system Housing Breed Milk yield DE 31/ 95, 650 Stanchion barn/ free stall Summer grazing/ indoor Si, HF, HF 6.8, 9.2, 7.8 t FI 25, 69 Stanchion barn, free stall Summer grazing, indoor Ayr*HF ~ 8.7 t IE 48, 115 Grazing Grazing HF ~ 7 t NL 76 Free stall Summer grazing HF 8.4 t PL 15, 65 Stanchion barn, free stall Summer grazing Local/HF, HF 6.7 t, 8.5 t AR 170, 400 Grazing Grazing HF 5.2 5.8 t NZ 974 Grazing Grazing Jer*HF 5.8 t
  6. 6. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 6 EU legislation under consideration Directive: Guideline for the individual countries to establish the national law Regulation: Law is uniform across the Member States
  7. 7. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 7 Our guiding question: What would the farmer do differently if the legislation was not in place?
  8. 8. Examples for cost calculations
  9. 9. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 9 Environment: Nitrate Directive Environment: Nitrate Directive FI DE IE NL PL AR NZ Max level of N from animal manure (kg N/ha) 170 170 170 250 170 No nitrogen on water logged or frozen land x x x x x Obligatory fertiliser planning + soil samples x x x x x Annually farm based nutrient balance x x x x x Application of fertilisers has to be recorded x x x x x Buffer strips to water courses inside NVZ x x x x x x Minimum storage capacity required x x x x x Special equipment to avoid leakage x x x x Catch crops on maize land x Correct transport of excess manure x
  10. 10. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 10 Germany: Nitrate Directive EU: Storage capacity required for 180 days Farmer: storage capacity necessary for 135 days additional storage capacity is needed Investment costs Depreciation Maintenance Benefit: better utilisation of slurry, therefore less fertiliser costs Change in costs between -0,04% and -0,16%
  11. 11. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 11 Food safety: Id & reg of bovine animals Food Safety: Regulation on Identification and registration of bovine animals FI DE IE NL PL AR NZ Marking each animal after birth or arrival on farm with 2 ear tags x x x x x x x Replacement of lost ear tags x x x x x x x Registration of all births, deaths, animal movements x x x x x x x
  12. 12. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 12 Germany: Identification and registration EU: Two ear tags all the time Lost ear tags are to be replaced within one week Farmer: Animal identification is needed BUT: Two ear tags are not necessary No replacement of lost ear tags within one week Additional work for replacing lost ear tags and for record keeping is needed Change in costs between -0,05% and -0,10%
  13. 13. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 13 Argentina: Identification and registration AR: all bovine animals have to be tagged and recorded Farmer: enough to tag and identify only female animals, males are for fattening and slaughtering Tagging of male calves Purchase of ear tags Labour for tagging the animals Labour for record keeping Change in costs between -0,06%
  14. 14. Results: Cost of compliance
  15. 15. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 15 Cost of milk production
  16. 16. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 16 Cost of compliance: Environment 0 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4 0,5 0,6 0,7 0,8 FI-25 FI-69 DE-31 DE-95 DE-650 IE-48 IE-115 NL-76 PL-15 PL-65 AR-170 AR-400 NZ-974 /100kgmilk
  17. 17. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 17 Cost of compliance: Animal Welfare 0 0,05 0,1 0,15 0,2 0,25 0,3 FI-25 FI-69 DE-31 DE-95 DE-650 IE-48 IE-115 NL-76 PL-15 PL-65 AR-170 AR-400 NZ-974 /100kgmilk
  18. 18. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 18 Cost of compliance: Food Safety 0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1 1,2 FI-25 FI-69 DE-31 DE-95 DE-650 IE-48 IE-115 NL-76 PL-15 PL-65 AR-170 AR-400 NZ-974 /100kgmilk
  19. 19. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 19 Cost of compliance
  20. 20. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 20 Summary 1. Finland, Germany, and Ireland had compliance costs of 1 to 1.5% 2. The Netherlands had high compliance costs of ~2.7% due to the nitrate directive which already caused costs of 1.5% 3. In Poland, EU legislation is introduced only stepwise and many legislations were not yet implemented. Costs were on the same level as non-member states (AR and NZ) and accounted for < 1% compliance costs
  21. 21. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 21 Thank you for your attention! The final report can be found at: http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/external-studies/farmer-costs-2014_en.htm
  22. 22. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 22 Germany: Costs of Nitrate Directive
  23. 23. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 23 Germany: Costs of id & reg Germany Unit Base DE-31 Id+regist Base DE-95 Id+regist Base DE-650 Id+regist Land /100 kg 5.23 5.23 3.92 3.92 2.03 2.03 Labour /100 kg 22.77 22.73 6.59 6.56 7.08 7.07 Capital /100 kg 2.65 2.65 1.90 1.90 1.54 1.54 Non-factor costs /100 kg 34.70 34.70 22.58 22.58 24.07 24.07 Total cost of the dairy enterprise /100 kg 65.35 65.31 35.00 34.96 34.72 34.70 Change of the milk production costs % -0.07% -0.10% -0.05%
  24. 24. 17/06/2015 IFCN 2015 | 24 Argentina: Costs of id & reg Argentina Unit Base AR-170 Id+Regist Base AR-400 Id+Regist Land /100 kg 2.32 2.32 2.66 2.66 Labour /100 kg 4.22 4.21 3.92 3.91 Capital /100 kg 0.75 0.75 0.73 0.73 Non-factor costs /100 kg 12.67 12.67 14.85 14.85 Total cost of the dairy enterprise /100 kg 19.95 19.94 22.16 22.15 Change of the milk production costs % -0.06 -0.06