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  • 4/30/17, 11)23 PMEmotionally focused individual therapy: An attachment-based experienctive: Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies: Vol 16, No 1

    Page 1 of 32http://www.tandfonline.com.libproxy.uncg.edu/doi/full/10.1080/14779757.2017.1297250

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    Volume 16, 2017 - Issue 1

    Journal

    Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies

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    Articles

    Emotionally focused individual

    therapy: An attachment-based

    experiential/systemic perspective

    Lorrie Brubacher #Pages 50-67 | Received 30 Dec 2015, Accepted 02 Sep 2016, Published online: 09 Mar 2017

    $ Download citation % http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14779757.2017.1297250

    Abstract

    Attachment theory as a theory of adult love and emotion

    regulation can provide a humanistic paradigm for therapeutic

    change that is relevant to a broad range of presenting problems. I

    advocate emotionally focused individual therapy, an attachment-

    based experiential/systemic integration that targets concerns

    common across various models of individual psychotherapy:

    creating secure attachment, resolving negative interpersonal and

    intrapsychic interactive patterns, and developing effective

    emotion regulation strategies. I suggest that attachment theory

    sets the stage from which to consider individual therapy as a

    process of love (developing secure connections) between

    therapist and client, between client and past and present

    relationships, and within the clients internal processes. I present

    principles of attachment, discuss how these principles can

    fruitfully shape the therapeutic relationship, define the

    destination for change, offer guidance for working with emotion

    and shape interventions and change processes. The change

    processes which I present and illustrate with a case example are

    as follows: (1) identifying patterns of emotion regulation and

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  • 4/30/17, 11)23 PMEmotionally focused individual therapy: An attachment-based experienctive: Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies: Vol 16, No 1

    Page 2 of 32http://www.tandfonline.com.libproxy.uncg.edu/doi/full/10.1080/14779757.2017.1297250

    deepening the underlying emotion and (2) creating corrective

    emotional experiences that can transform these patterns into

    secure bonds interpersonally and intrapsychically.

    La thrapie individuelle centre sur les motions:

    une perspective exprientielle/systmique base

    sur lattachement.

    En tant que thorie de la rgulation des motions et de lamour

    chez ladulte, la thorie de lattachement savre tre un

    paradigme pertinent pour le changement thrapeutique dans un

    grand ventail de problmes rencontrs. Je prconise une

    approche intgre exprientielle /systmique de lattachement qui

    cible les proccupations communes des modles varis de

    psychothrapie individuelle: cration dun attachement scure,

    rsolution de schmas ngatifs dinteraction interpersonnelle et

    psychique et dveloppement de stratgies de rgulation

    motionnelle efficaces. Je suggre que la thorie de lattachement

    permet douvrir des voies au dpart desquelles on peut

    considrer la thrapie individuelle comme un processus damour

    (dvelopper des liens scures) entre le thrapeute et le client,

    entre le client et ses relations passes ou prsentes, et au cur

    mme des processus internes du client. Je prsente les principes

    de lattachement et je discute la faon par laquelle ces principes

    peuvent configurer de faon fconde la relation thrapeutique,

    dfinir la direction du changement, procurer des conseils pour le

    travail avec lmotion et faonner les interventions et le processus

    de changement. Les processus de changement que je prsente et

    que jillustre avec un exemple de cas sont les suivants: 1)

    identification de schmas de rgulation des motions et

    intensification des motions sous-jacentes et 2) cration

    dexpriences motionnelles correctrices qui peuvent transformer

    ces schmas en liens interpersonnels et intrapsychiques scures.

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  • 4/30/17, 11)23 PMEmotionally focused individual therapy: An attachment-based experienctive: Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies: Vol 16, No 1

    Page 3 of 32http://www.tandfonline.com.libproxy.uncg.edu/doi/full/10.1080/14779757.2017.1297250

    therapeutische Vernderung zur Verfgung stellen, welches fr

    eine groe Bandbreite von sich prsentierenden Problemen

    relevant ist. Ich vertrete eine bindungsbasierte

    experienzielle/systemische Integration, die auf Anliegen abzielt,

    die ber verschiedene Modelle von Einzeltherapie hinweg

    gemeinsam sind: eine sichere Bindung zu schaffen, negative

    interpersonelle und intrapsychische interaktive Muster aufzulsen

    und wirksame Emotionsregulationsstrategien zu entwickeln. Ich

    schlage vor, dass die Bindungstheorie die Ebene zur Verfgung

    stellt, auf der Einzeltherapie wie folgt betrachtet werden kann: als

    ein Prozess der Liebe (das Entwickeln sicherer Bindung) zwischen

    Therapeut- und Klient-Person, zwischen der Klient-Person und

    vergangenen und gegenwrtigen Beziehungen sowie innerhalb

    der inneren Prozesse der Klient-Person. Ich stelle Prinzipien von

    Bindung vor und diskutiere, wie diese Prinzipien die

    therapeutische Beziehung fruchtbar gestalten knnen, definiere

    die Ausrichtung von Vernderung, biete Richtlinien an, mit

    Emotion zu arbeiten und wie man Interventionen und

    Vernderungsprozesse gestaltet. Die Vernderungsprozesse, die

    ich vorstelle und mit einem Fallbeispiel illustriere, sind: 1. Muster

    der Emotion-Regulation zu identifizieren und die darunter

    liegende Emotion zu vertiefen und 2. korrigierende emotionale

    Erfahrungen zu schaffen, welche diese Muster zu sicheren

    interpersonellen und intrapsychischen Bindungen verndern

    kann.

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