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  • 1. History Austro-Hungary and 20th Century Raymond Saner, 2008 CSEND, May 2007. all rights reserved

2. Contributors to the 20th Centuryfrom Austro-Hungary Artists-Architects Gustva Klimt (1862-1918Oskar Kokoschka (1886-1980)Alfred Loos (1870-1933)Egon Schiele (1890-1918)Otto Wagner (1841-1918) Composers Alban Berg (1885-1945) Gustav Mahler (1860-1911)Arnold Schnberg (1874-1951) Anton Webern ( 1883-1945) CSEND, May 2007. all rights reserved 3. Contributors to the 20th Centuryfrom Austro-Hungary Film Makers Fritz Lang (1890-1976) Otto Preminger (1906-1986) Josef von Sternberg (1894-1969) Erich von Stroheim (1885-1957) Billy Wilder (1906-2002) Economists Carl Menger (1940-1921)Ludwig von Mises (1881-1973) Friedrich Hayek (1899-1992)Josef Schumpeter (1883-1950) CSEND, May 2007. all rights reserved 4. Contributors to the 20th Centuryfrom Austro-Hungary Philosophers Martin Buber (1873-1965)Christian von Ehrenfels (1859-1932) Edmund Husserl (1859-1938)Karl Popper (1902-1994) Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) PhysicistsHans Hahn (1879-1934)Ernst Mach (1838-1916) Wolfgang Pauli (1900-1958) CSEND, May 2007. all rights reserved 5. Contributors to the 20th Centuryfrom Austro-Hungary Psychologists-Psychiatrists Alfred Adler (1870-1937) Josef Breuer (1842-1925)Viktor Frankl (1905-1997) Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Wilhelm Reich (1897-1957)Bruno Bettelheim (1903-1990)Otto Rank (1884-1939)Jakob Moreno(1889-1974)Heinz Kohut (1913-1981)Melanie Klein (1882-1960)Theodor Reik (1888-1969) CSEND, May 2007. all rights reserved 6. Contributors to the 20th Centuryfrom Austro-Hungary Writers Hermann Bahr (1863-1934) Max Brod (1884-1968)Elias Canetti (1905-1994) Hugo von Hoffmansthal (1874-1929)Franz Kafka (1883-1924) Robert Musil (1880-1942) Rainer Maria Rilke (1875-1926)Joseph Roth (1894-1939) Arthur Schmitzler (1862-1931)Georg Trakl (1887-1914) Franz Werfel (1890-1945) Stefan Zweig (1881-1942) Karl Kraus (1874-1936) CSEND, May 2007. all rights reserved 7. Contributors to the 20th Centuryfrom Austro-Hungary Other Notables Theodor Herzl ((1860-1904)Max Reinhardt (1876-1943)Rudolf Laban (1879-1953)Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) Paul Watzlawick (1921-2007)Konrad Lorenz (1903-1989) CSEND, May 2007. all rights reserved 8. Austrian-born Management ThinkersPeter Drucker 1909-2005Fred Fiedler1922-Paul Watzlawick 1921- 2007Fritjof Capra 1939-Luwig von Bertalanffy 1901-1972 CSEND, May 2007. all rights reserved 9. Expressionism: SchieleSelf portrait with arm twisting, 1910 CSEND, May 2007. all rights reserved 10. Impressionism: Oskar KokoschkaMurderer, hope of women, 1910 CSEND, May 2007. all rights reserved 11. The Sunday Circle and Caf Central CSEND, May 2007. all rights reserved 12. Part III: Fore-Background Interactions Mass movement of people, deaths due towar, stranded people, orphans, newcitizens , physical-psychologicalamputations, deconstruction of social,cultural, political fabric, experiments butno support =not sustainable , raise ofblame game, hatred, racism, radicalism,decomposition CSEND, May 2007. all rights reserved 13. Europe Pre-WWI CSEND, May 2007. all rights reserved 14. WWI: 4 years, 3 months and 14 days Casualties in WW1 Germany1,800,000 Soviet Union 1,700,000 France 1,385,000 Austria1,200,000Great Britain947,000Japan800,000Romania750,000Serbia 708,000Italy460,000Turkey 325,000Belgium267,000Greece 230,000USA137,000Portugal 100,000 Canada 69,000 Bulgaria 88,000 Montenegro 50,000 TOTAL11,016,000 CSEND, May 2007. all rights reserved 15. Europe Post-WWI CSEND, May 2007. all rights reserved 16. Begin and end of Austro-Hungary 1278 Emperor Rudolf of Habsburg defeats King Ottkar on the Marchfeld, gains Vienna and makes it his capital 1918 End of First World War and collapse of HabsburgMonarchy. End more than 600 years of Habsburg rule CSEND, May 2007. all rights reserved 17. Note: This publication has been made available by CSEND.org with the agrement of the author.The Centre for Socio-Eco-Nomic Development (CSEND) aims atpromoting equitable, sustainable and integrated development through dialogue andinstitutional learning.Diplomacy Dialogue is a branch of the Centre for Socio-Eco-Nomic Development(CSEND), a non-profit R&D organization based in Geneva, Switzerland since 1993.