5 Ways to Kill a Amn

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<ul><li><p>8/11/2019 5 Ways to Kill a Amn</p><p> 1/6</p><p>FIVE WAYS TO KILL A MANThis poem by Edwin Brock is often considered a poem against war, whereas in fact it is a poem about the loss ofhumanity. It is written much like an instruction guide or recipe book, telling the reader the manner in which a mancan be efficiently killed. Each stanza deals with one method of killing; each one distancing the killer further fromhis victim, till in the last stanza there is neither killer nor victim, but just a living death.In the first stanza the crucifixion of Jesus is referred to. Here the reader is told that all that is required is a plank ofwood and some nails and hammer to drive them home. This deliberately dead pan and emotionless tone</p><p>underlines the lack of humanity that is fast becoming the hall mark of current war fare with its references to"collateral damage", a conveniently clinical term for civilian casualties.In the second stanza the poet uses the War of Roses as a way to illustrate how wars were fought for the sake ofcrown and honour, whereas there was nothing noble in the brutal hand to hand warfare using commonagricultural tools like bill hooks axes and hammers that pierced armour with ease. The armour is called "a metalcage", the weapons "shaped and chased in a traditional way. Allyou need is a prince, two flags (representingthe Houses of York and Lancaster) and the English countryside marred with the killings of battle. You require acastle to hold your banquet in to celebrate your victory while the brutal and ignoble nature of this war is hidden inthe image of "white horses" and "English trees". In the next stanza we are told that we may dispense with nobilityaltogether as the poet brings our attention to the cruel practise of gas warfare in the First World War. "...you mayif the wind allows, blow gas at him..." sounds as harmless as a child blowing bubbles or at the most someoneblowing cigarette smoke in your face. In 1915 when the British used gas cylinders to send Chlorine gas towardsthe German front lines the wind direction changed and the gas came back to poison the British soldiers. In thisstanza the poet brings our attention to the other horrors of trench warfare, as he says to kill a man in this way you</p><p>also need bomb craters, a mile of mud, a plague of rats. This sounds exactly like a list of ingredients for a recipe.</p><p>As we dehumanize ourselves further in the fourth stanza we are told we may fly miles about our victim and"dispose" of him by pressing a small switch. But now we require an ocean to separate us, two different ideologiesand scientists and a psychopath. This is an obvious reference to the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki inWorld War II. We are left with "land that no one needs for several years", as if that was the end of this exercise.</p><p>However the argument is succinctly clinched in the last stanza of the poem in just four lines. These methods after</p><p>all are too cumbersome and it is far simpler and more direct to see that our victim is living somewhere in the</p><p>middle of the twentieth century and leave him there.</p><p>This the most telling part of this poem. We find here the hopelessness of life as we know it today. We must kill</p><p>our humanity to survive in the world of today, with daily news reports of children dying of disease and</p><p>malnutrition, people becoming victims of religious intolerance, suicide attacks, hour killings, suicides due to</p><p>joblessness in developing countries and the sheer scale of human idiocy in destroying its own race. We have had</p><p>to desensitize ourselves to this daily onslaught of pain in order to survive and in so doing we are in fact slowly</p><p>dying. It is too painful to shed tears over every mining victim, every bomblast victim, every woman stigmatised.</p><p>So we kill ourselves, we kill our hopes and our very desire to l ive. We become as mechanical as the tone of this</p><p>poem in our efforts to deal with the horrors of daily life, with that accident we see during rush hour, with the child</p><p>victim of some paedophile we see on the news. We learn to numb our pain in a world full of pin-pricks. In doing</p><p>so we may as well be dead.</p><p>In short this poem, is brutally simple, its tone clinical to the point of instructional prose, and yet it does so well</p><p>what Wordsworth said a poem must, appear to the reader as a remembrance of his own highest thoughts. The</p><p>average man today is helpless in the face of what a few misguided leaders are doing to destroy humanity, and</p><p>this poem voices for us this frustration and this bitter truth. Millions of protestors all around the world could not</p><p>dissuade America and Britain from attacking Iraq. This poem stands witness to how our hopes and the voice ofhumanity can be easily silenced. In doing so it urges us to speak up against our spiritual death and resurrect our</p><p>dying humanity.</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 5 Ways to Kill a Amn</p><p> 2/6</p><p>ENTERPRISE</p><p>Enterprise is an allegory of human condi tion on this planet and of the frequent efforts, failure and frustrations to</p><p>which man is subject by the very nature of earthly life. The poet describes a spiritual pilgrimage where each</p><p>pilgrim faces difficulties and disillusionment along the way. Thus, in the Enterprise a group of people undertake</p><p>a journey moved by noble aspirations, but it all ends in failures and frustrations as is usually the case with human</p><p>attempts at some noble achievement. The pilgrimage becomes a weary trek, by the time the goal is reached. Thegoal is alluring but the process of reaching it empties the victory of its glamour and glory. A number of people,</p><p>including the poet decide to go on a pilgrimage. They are city dwellers and the journey they undertake is to some</p><p>romantic, primitive hinterland. They start with hope, courage and determination, with their minds full of noble</p><p>ideas and ideals. They are out to make some heroic effort, which will lead to some noble achievements. Their</p><p>minds are exalted and they are not afraid of any dangers and difficulties. This stage of the journey symbolizes the</p><p>stage of innocence that man enjoys in his boyhood and early youth, when he is entirely unconscious of the</p><p>frustrations and failures which life brings at every stage.</p><p>But this innocence is lost and in the next stage of the journey the pilgrims face dangers and difficulties.</p><p>They continue on their onward journey of exploration. The objects and forces of nature are out to frustrate human</p><p>endeavour like the oppressive heat of the sun. The group of travellers is able to put up very well with the dangers</p><p>and difficulties for some time and continue to journey in hope. They note down the goods being bought and sold</p><p>by the peasants and observe the ways of serpents and goats. They pass through three cities where a sage hadtaught, but does not care to find out what he had taught. But soon there are distractions and diversions. The</p><p>difficulties and dangers posed by mans physical environment are not as damaging as those t hat result from his</p><p>own insufficiency.</p><p>Soon there are differences of opinion among the travellers and they began to quarrel over petty matters.</p><p>They had to cross a piece of wasteland a desert patch, and they could not agree as to the best way o f doing so.</p><p>One of their friends-rather proud of him stylish prose-was so angry that he left their company. The shadow of</p><p>discord fell on their enterprise, and it has continued to grow. Bickering over petty matters, needless quarrels over</p><p>trifles, hatred of, and hostility to, those who hold different opinions, is ingrained in human nature, and thus man</p><p>carries the seeds of his failure and frustration within his own self. So do these pilgrims who, despite their quarrel,</p><p>continue their onward journey.</p><p>But none the less, they are divided into groups, each group attacking the other. Engrossed in their quarrel,</p><p>they lose their ways and forget noble aspirations which had motivated their enterprise. Their goal and theirpurpose were forgotten and their idealism is all gone. Some of them decide to leave the group. Frustration and</p><p>difficulties overwhelm the human spirit and many do not have the courage to face the realities of life. They seek</p><p>relief in escape and withdrawal. Many of us are such introverts. Some try to pray and seek Divine assistance and</p><p>blessings, forgetting that God help those who help themselves. Their leader feels that he smelt the sea and he</p><p>feels that they have reached a dead end, and must go back. Their pilgrimage must end.</p><p>Still they persist, though their journey has lost all its significance. They are dirty and shabby for they have</p><p>been deprived of such common needs as soap, are broken in spirit and bent down physically. Such is the</p><p>ultimate end of all human enterprises; this is the essential truth of human life. Absorbed in their pretty quarrels</p><p>and tried and exhausted, frustrated and at bay, the travellers do not even hear the thunder and even if they do</p><p>so, they ignore their significance. The thunder is symbolic of spiritual regeneration and fertility but they do not</p><p>care for it. The extreme hopelessness of man at the end of lifes journey is thus stressed.</p><p>The pilgrims even come to doubt the very worth and significance of the journey. It seems to them to have</p><p>been meaningless and futile. All their noble aspirations are forgotten, there is sorrow and suffering on every face,</p><p>and they are conscious of the fact that their actions have neither been great nor even. Efforts to escape from the</p><p>realities of human existence are futile. We must accept the limitations of our lot and do our best within those</p><p>limitations. Heroism means the acceptance of our lot in life and the doing of our best in the service of God and</p><p>humanity. Therefore the poem concludes on a note of exultation and optimism when the pilgrims realize that it is</p><p>not by undertaking long hazardous journeys but by doing the right deeds that everyone can receive Gods grace. </p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 5 Ways to Kill a Amn</p><p> 3/6</p><p>The Lumber Room</p><p>The text under analysis is written by an outstanding British novelist and short story writer Hector</p><p>Munro. Hector Hugh Munro (December 18,1870November 13,1916), better known by thepen</p><p>name Saki, was aBritish writer, whose witty and sometimesmacabre stories satirizedEdwardian</p><p>society and culture. He is considered a master of theshort story and is often compared toO. Henry</p><p>andDorothy Parker.His tales feature delicately drawn characters and finely judged narratives. Saki's</p><p>world contrasts the effete conventions and hypocrisies of Edwardian England with the ruthless but</p><p>straightforward life-and-death struggles of nature. Nature generally wins in the end.</p><p>Owing to the death of his mother and his father's absence abroad he was brought up during his</p><p>childhood, with his elder brother and sister, by a grandmother and two aunts. It seems probable that</p><p>their stem and unsympathetic methods account for Munros strong dislike of anything that smacks ofthe conventional and the self-righteous. He satirized things that he hated. Munro was killed on the</p><p>French front during the First World War. In her Biography of Saki Munros sister writes: One of</p><p>Munros aunts, Augusta, was a woman of ungovernable temper, of fierce likes and dislikes,</p><p>imperious, a moral coward, possessing no brains worth speaking of, and a primitive disposition.</p><p>Naturally the last person who should have been in charge of children. The character of the aunt in The</p><p>Lumber-Roomis Aunt Augusta to the life.</p><p>The story tells about a little orphan Nicholas who was trusted to his tyrannical and dull-witted aunt.</p><p>One day Nicholas was in disgrace, so he duped his Aunt into believing that he was somehow trying</p><p>to get into the gooseberry garden, but instead had no intention of doing so but did sneak into the</p><p>Lumber Room. There a tremendous picture of a hunter and a stag opened to him. Soon his aunt tried</p><p>to look for the boy and slipped into the rain-water tank. She asked Nicholas to fetch her a ladder but</p><p>the boy pretended not to understand her, he said that she was the Evil One. The story presents</p><p>extremely topical subjects. Actually, the whole novel can be divided into two parts: Childs world</p><p>and Adults world. The author seems to be suggesting that adulthood causes one to lose all sense of</p><p>fun, imagination. Adults become obsessed with insignificant trivialities, like the Aunt which isobsessed about punishing and nitpicking on the children. Children in Munros stories are very</p><p>imaginative. Nicholas imagines the whole story behind the tapestry while the Aunt comes out with</p><p>boring stories and ideas like a circus or going to the beach. She tries to convince Nicholas about the</p><p>fun of a trip to the beach, of circus, but lacks the imagination to sound convincing. She describes the</p><p>beach outing as beautiful and gloriousbut cannot say in detail how it will be beautiful or glorious</p><p>because she is not creative. As for the Lumber room, it is symbolic of fun and imagination of the</p><p>childs world which is definitely lacking in the adult world. It emphasizes the destruction of life that</p><p>adulthood and pride can bring. The Aunts world is full of warped priorities. She puts punishment and</p><p>withholding of enjoyment as more important than getting to know and molding the lives of the</p>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/December_18http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1870http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_13http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1916http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pen_namehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pen_namehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom_of_Great_Britain_and_Irelandhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macabrehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwardian_periodhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Short_storyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/O._Henryhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorothy_Parkerhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorothy_Parkerhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/O._Henryhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Short_storyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwardian_periodhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macabrehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom_of_Great_Britain_and_Irelandhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pen_namehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pen_namehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1916http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_13http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1870http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/December_18</li><li><p>8/11/2019 5 Ways to Kill a Amn</p><p> 4/6</p><p>children. She keeps all the beautiful and creative things of the house locked away in a lumber-room so</p><p>as not to spoil them but in doing so, the purpose of the objects which is to beauty the house, is lost,</p><p>leaving the house dull and colorless. The excerpt is homogeneous. The story is narrated in the 3rd</p><p>person. This allows the reader to access the situation and the characters in an unbiased and objective</p><p>manner. This is especially so because the characters are complex, having both positive and negative</p><p>viewpoints. The third person point of view is impersonal which fits the impersonal atmosphere of the</p><p>household. The text can be divided into several parts:</p><p> The exposition, in which we learn about little Nicholas, his cousins and his strict</p><p>aunt. Nicholas got into his aunts disgrace. So his cousins were to be take...</p></li></ul>