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56th Fighter Wing I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Interagency Collaboration at the Barry M. Goldwater Range Mr. Chas Buchanan Director of Operations 56th Range Management Office

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I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e
Interagency Collaboration at the Barry M. Goldwater Range
Mr. Chas Buchanan Director of Operations 56th Range Management Office
Overview • Background Information
• Response to Undocumented Aliens
Cabeza Prieta NWR
BMGR-E Specifics
• Capability • 4 Manned ranges • 3 Tactical ranges • 5 live target areas
• Uniqueness • No mining • No grazing • No agriculture • No residential • No air routes
• Consulting agencies • Cabeza Prieta NWR • Organ Pipe CNM • USMC • BLM
• 1.05 M acres land / 1.8 M acres restricted airspace
• Davis Monthan: Only A-10 Training Unit – 150 Students per year (3 yr avg)
• Tucson: Largest ANG F-16 Training Unit – 180 Students per year (3 yr avg)
• Luke: Only Active USAF F-16 Training Unit
• 450+ Students per year (3 yr avg)
Strategic Importance
BMGR Complex User Scope Irreplaceable National Training Asset
Regular Users – 23 Flying Squadrons • 56 FW / 944 FW (Luke) 9 x F-16 Sq • 162 FW (Tucson) 4 x F-16 Sq
Snowbirds Guard / FMS • 355 WG (DM) 3 x A-10 Sq • 563 RQG (CSAR) MC-130 / HH-60 / SERE • 305 RQS (AFRC) HH-60 • WAATS (Silverbell) 2 x AH-64 Co • 1 - 285th BN AH-64 Co
Exercises WTI, JAGCE OTHER USERS: Navy, USMC, Army, other USAF
Scope of Use: Aviation • Military Aviation Activities Sorties/year (FY04)
• BMGR East Users (USAF) ~46,000
• BMGR E Complex (incl Sells) ~60,000
• BMGR West Users (USMC) ~18,000
• Other Aviation Activities:
• US Fish & Wildlife Service
• Arizona Game & Fish Dept
Natural features & ~4% processes still dominate - military use is apparent
Military 1.8% surface use dominates landscape
Negligible ~7% disturbance; natural features dominate landscape
Team Formation Goldwater Range is BLM withdrawn land • 1986: BLM assigned land management, began developing
management plan • Very high public interest and involvement
• Mid-1990s: Public still interested, but few meetings • Complaints: agencies all doing their own thing • Gaps and overlaps
• Late 1996: BLM meetings for whoever was interested • Well attended by the public and interest groups • Agency reps: two BLM offices, Air Force, Marine Corps,
Arizona Game & Fish Dept, Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge
• Topics included agency updates, Q&A with the public, open dialogue
Team Formation Late 1990s – confluence of events
• Expiring land withdrawal required Environmental Impact Statement to Congress for renewal • Air Force needed others as cooperating agencies • EIS triggered need for many environmental studies
• Endangered Sonoran pronghorn on range– subject of lawsuits and consultations with USFWS
• High level of public interest but from people with divergent perspectives • Conservation, recreation, etc.
Team Formation 1997– Strengthen our alliances • Formalized the Partners Group agencies into a cooperative
forum • Established the BMGR Executive Council (BEC)
• Drafted a charter, signed an MOU • Agreed on participants, chairmanship,
meeting venues • Information exchange for
better management
Team Formation BMGR Executive Council (BEC) • An advisory group • Each agency retains its authorities • Information sharing and coordination • Established subcommittees to focus on topics
• Law Enforcement • Transportation • Public Relations • Sonoran Pronghorn Recovery Team
Team Formation • BMGR Executive Council (BEC)
• Consultative management Ron Pearce Range Management MCAS Yuma
Kathy Billings Superintendent Organ Pipe Nat Monument
Roger DiRosa, Manager Cabeza Prieta NWR, USFWS
Mark Haynes US Border Patrol, Yuma
Maurice Moore US Border Patrol, Tucson
Terry Raml Director, Sonoran Desert NM
BLM, Phoenix
Luke AFB
Martin Vaughan CBP-Air
Team Formation Military Lands Withdrawal Act of 1999 (MLWA) • Mandated formation of the Interagency Executive Council
(IEC) • Institutionalized the Partners Meeting • New IEC charter • Members included tribes and local governments • AF hired an Interagency Coordinator and administrator
• IEC meetings continue to meet 3 times annually • Meeting location rotates– Yuma, Tucson, Phoenix metro • Cabeza Prieta NWR manager
is IEC chair
Team Formation Arizona Commanders’ Summit • Began in 2000 as an AF initiative to address military training
issues on Goldwater Range • Initial membership included primary users of the range
• Commanders recognized many issues of common concern • Encroachment, environmental issues, community relations
• Expanded membership and focus to include commanders of all installations in Arizona • Signed a charter, • Meeting venue rotates
among installations • Host also invites local town mayor
Teamwork Results Issues Resolved Through Interagency
Teamwork Results Sonoran pronghorn • Endangered species since 1967 • US population on BMGR, Cabeza Prieta NWR, Organ Pipe,
and BLM land • Perilous population decline due to long-term drought
• 1998: about 140 animals • 2002: about 21 animals
• Emergency measures required to prevent extinction
Teamwork Results Sonoran pronghorn emergency measures • Water stations provide supplemental water • Forage enhancement plots
• Well water used to irrigate small patches during critical times • Prolongs the naturally green patches into the critical early summer
• Collaborative interagency effort to identify potential locations, complete environmental assessment
• Four of five plots complete and in operation
• Collaborative pool of funds for ongoing O&M
Teamwork Results Sonoran pronghorn emergency measures • Semi-captive breeding enclosure
Teamwork Results Sonoran pronghorn emergency measures • Semi-captive breeding enclosure
• 1 sq mile enclosure, subdivided into quadrants • Well water to irrigate forage, plus supplemental feed • Does from Mexico sub-population provide genetic diversity • Bucks captured from US sub-population • Collaborative pool of funds for ongoing O&M
• Successful results • Year 1: 10 fawns, 6 survived • Year 2: 10 fawns, 9 survived
Teamwork Results Sonoran pronghorn emergency measures
• Semi-captive breeding enclosure • The key to recovery of the population • Similar setup in Mexico produces
over 50 fawns annually
• Interagency planning for establishing a second population elsewhere (Kofa NWR) • Protects against calamity
of disease or natural disaster
• All results achieved through collaborative efforts!
Teamwork Results
Undocumented Aliens (UDA) • 1990s: inhospitable Sonoran Desert was a natural barrier • Increased Border Patrol response in California displaced
UDA traffic to porous desert crossings • Booming US economy plus economic shift in Mexico
• Resulted in demand and supply of labor
• Post- 9/11: Greatly increased Border Patrol response • Significant increase in number of
agents plus other resources • Seemingly out-matched by
increasing UDA traffic
Teamwork Results Undocumented Aliens (UDA)
• Impacts of UDA traffic and USBP response • Environmental– trammeling of desert lands • Military ops– disruption of military training activities
• Solution– better support for USBP and its mission • DHS reps join the BMGR Executive Council
• USBP Tucson • USBP Yuma • Customs & Border Protection -- Air
• Borderlands Management Task Force addresses DHS mission on federal lands
Teamwork Results Undocumented Aliens (UDA)
• Collaborative assistance to DHS • Shared regional geographical information system data • Supported installation of emergency beacons
• “Rescue me” call stations for UDAs in distress • Supported DHS air operations
• Established air operations protocol • Supported unmanned aerial vehicle ops • Working increased regional air ops
• Coordinated law enforcement activities
• Successful interagency collaboration • Better understanding of the DHS mission • Better support for their activities • Reduced impact on our mission
Conclusion • Interagency collaboration is beneficial to all
• Coordination de-conflicts our actions • Collaboration produces synergy
• Recognition of BMGR Executive Council: • BLM Director’s
“Four Cs Award” (Apr 2004) • Consultation, Cooperation,
Communication, and Conservation
56th Range Management Office Support flying operations and pilot training,
incorporating dedicated stewardship of the natural and cultural resources entrusted to our care.