7 Wonders of the World (2)

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<ul><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 1/17</p><p>Project</p><p>In</p><p>Philippine History with</p><p>Politics and Governance</p><p>Mary Grace D. Monilla</p><p>BSHM II- 3</p><p>T-TH 1:00-2:30</p><p>Seven</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 2/17</p><p>Wonder</p><p>OfThe</p><p>World</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 3/17</p><p>1. Amazon</p><p>Amazon Rainforest also known in English as Amazonia orthe Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest that covers most ofthe Amazon Basin of South America. This basin encompasses sevenmillion square kilometers (1.7 billion acres), ofwhich five and a half</p><p>million square kilometers (1.4 billion acres) are covered by therainforest. This region includes territory belonging to nine nations.</p><p>The majority of the forest is contained within Brazil, with 60% of therainforest, followed by Peru with 13%, and with minor amounts in</p><p>Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and France(French Guiana). States or departments in four nations bear thename Amazonas after it. The Amazon represents over halfof the</p><p>planet's remaining rainforests, and it comprises the largest and most</p><p>species-rich tract of tropical rainforest in the world.</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 4/17</p><p>2. Iguazu Falls</p><p>Iguazu Falls, Iguassu Falls, or Iguau Falls are waterfalls of the Iguazu</p><p>Riverlocated on the border of the Brazilian State ofParan and theArgentine Province of Misiones. The falls divide the river into theupper and lower Iguazu. The Iguazu River originates near the cityof Curitiba.It flows through Brazil for most of its course. Below itsconfluence with the San Antonio River, the Iguazu River forms the</p><p>boundary between Brazil and Argentina.</p><p>The name "Iguazu" comes from the Guarani orTupi words y [],</p><p>meaning "water", and as [wasu], meaning "big".[2] Legend has itthat a god planned tomarry a beautiful woman namedNaip, whofled with her mortal lover Tarob in a canoe.In rage the god sliced theriver, creating the waterfalls and condemning the lovers to an eternal</p><p>fall.[2] The first European to find the falls was theSpanish Conquistador lvar Nez Cabeza de Vaca in 1541.</p><p>3. Jeju Island</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 5/17</p><p>Jejudo is a volcanic island, 130 km from the southern coast of Korea.The largest island and smallest province in Korea, the island has a</p><p>surface area of1,846 sqkm. A central feature of Jeju is Hallasan, the</p><p>tallest mountain in South Korea and a dormant volcano, which rises1,950 m above sea level.360 satellite volcanoes are around the main</p><p>volcano.</p><p>4. Halong Bay</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 6/17</p><p>Is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and a popular travel destination,located in Quang Ninh province, Vietnam. Administratively, the bay</p><p>belongs toH LongCity, Cm Ph town, and part of Van Dondistrict.The bay features thousands oflimestone karsts and isles in various sizesand shapes. Ha Long Bay is a center of a larger zone which includes Bi</p><p>T Long bay to the northeast, and Ct B islands to the southwest.These larger zones share similar</p><p>geological, geographical, geomorphological, climate,and cultural characters.</p><p>Ha Long Bay has an area of around 1,553 km2, including 1,9602,000islets, most ofwhich are limestone. The core of the bay has an area of334 km2with a high density of775 islets. The limestone in this bay</p><p>has gone through 500 million years of formation in differentconditions and environments. The evolution of the karst in this bay</p><p>has taken 20 million years under the impact of the tropical wet</p><p>climate. The geo-diversity of the environment in the area hascreated biodiversity, including a tropical evergreen bio system,oceanic and sea shore bio system. Ha Long Bay is home to14</p><p>endemic floral species and 60 endemic faunal species.</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 7/17</p><p>5. Puerto Princesa Underground River</p><p>The Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park is locatedabout 50 kilometres (30 mi) north of the city centre of Puerto</p><p>Princesa, Palawan, Philippines. The river also called Puerto PrincesaUnderground River. The national park is located in the Saint Paul</p><p>Mountain Range on the northern coast of the island.It is bordered bySt. Paul Bay to the north and the Babuyan River to the east. The City</p><p>Government of Puerto Princesa has managed the National Parksince 1992.It is also known as St. Paul's Subterranean River National</p><p>Park, or St. Paul Underground River. The entrance to theSubterranean River is a short hike from the town of Sabang.</p><p>On November 11, 2011, it was provisionally chosen as one of</p><p>the New7Wonders of Nature.</p><p>6. Table Mountain</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 8/17</p><p>Table Mountain is a flat-toppedmountain forming a prominentlandmark overlooking the city of Cape Town inSouth Africa, and is</p><p>featured in the flag of Cape Town and other local governmentinsignia.It is a significant tourist attraction, with many visitors using</p><p>thecableway or hiking to the top. The mountain forms part ofthe Table Mountain National Park.</p><p>7. Komodo</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 9/17</p><p>The Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis), is a large speciesof lizard found in the Indonesian islands</p><p>ofKomodo, Rinca, Flores, Gili Motang and Gili Dasami.A member ofthe monitor lizard family (Varanidae), it is the largest living species oflizard, growing to a maximum length of3 metres (9.8 ft) in rare casesand weighing up to around 70 kilograms (150 lb). Their unusual size</p><p>has been attributed to island gigantism, since there are noother</p><p>carnivorous animals to fill the niche on the islands where they live.However, recent research suggests that the large size of komodo</p><p>dragons may be better understood as representative ofa relict population of very largevaranid lizards that once lived across</p><p>Indonesia and Australia, most ofwhich, along withother megafauna,[7] died out after the Pleistocene. Fossils very similarto V. komodoensis have been found in Australia dating to greater</p><p>than 3.8 million years ago, and its body size remained stableon Flores, one of the handful ofIndonesian islands where it is</p><p>currently found, over the last 900,000 years, "a time marked bymajor faunal turnovers, extinction of the island's megafauna, and the</p><p>arrival of early hominids by 880 ka.</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 10/17</p><p>Seven</p><p>WondersOf</p><p>The</p><p>Philippines</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 11/17</p><p>1. Rice Terraces of Banaue</p><p>The Rice Terraces of Banaue are perhaps the most well knownattractive in the Philippines, and no list of the seven wonders of the</p><p>Philippines would be complete without them. Located in centralLuzon, they have been carved by local ifugao people over the last</p><p>3,000 thousand years.When you visit, you can see terraces still beingbuilt today. The locals often describe the terraces as the largest manmade structure created without forces labor.If each terrace were laid</p><p>end to end, they would stretch almost 14,000 miles. They weredeclared a unescoworld heritage site in 1995 and placed on the</p><p>endangered list in 2001.</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 12/17</p><p>2. Chocolate Hills</p><p>The chocolate hills are located on the island of Bohol. They are over1,200 hills covering over 50 km and get their name because the grasswhich covers the hills turns brown during the dry season. The hills arealmost all conical in shape and made of limestone. Many people havebelieved that they were human creations. Geologists are not entirelysure how they were created. Theories include erosion of limestone</p><p>around basalt fragments from a volcanic eruption. The governmentof the Philippines has declared it one of their flagship tourist</p><p>destinations. The chocolate hills are so central to the people of Bohol;they appear on the flag of the province.</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 13/17</p><p>3. Mayon Volcano</p><p>Mayon volcano is perhaps the most perfectly shaped conic volcano</p><p>in the world.It has been called by some the FilipinoMount Fuji.Located in south east Luzon, it is one of most active volcanoes inthe world.It has erupted close to50 times since the year 1600,with the most recent eruption occurring in 2006.77 people were</p><p>killed in an eruption in 1993 and 75,000 people had to beevacuated from their homes during an eruption in 1984.It rises</p><p>2462 m over Legazpi city in the province of Albany.</p><p>4. Boracay</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 14/17</p><p>Boracay is a small island approximately 200 miles south of manila and isvery close to the major island of Panay.Its white sand beaches and direct</p><p>flights from all over Asia have made it one of the Philippines most populartourist destinations.White beach is the longest beach on Boracay and</p><p>extends 4 km on west side of the islands.</p><p>5. Taal Volcano</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 15/17</p><p>Taal Volcano has a unique distinction in the world.It contains the largestisland, inside of a lake. Taal is a very active volcanowhich has killed over</p><p>5</p><p>,000 peo</p><p>ple in the reco</p><p>rded histo</p><p>ry.</p><p>I</p><p>t has been namedo</p><p>neo</p><p>f1</p><p>6 decadevolcanoes in the world worthy of special study.Inside the taal caldera is laketaal, which is 15 km across. The lake is known for its high sulphur contentand is also home tomany endemic species of freshwater fish. Taal is only</p><p>50 km from the city of manila.</p><p>6. Tubbataha Reef</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 16/17</p><p>Located in the middle of the sulu sea, tubbataha Reef is one of the largestand best preserved reef systems in the world. Actually composed to two</p><p>atolls, tubbataha is far removed from any human settlement; it is a 92 mileboat trip from the city of Puerto princessa. The marine park covers over</p><p>968 km and is home toover 300 coral species and 400 fish species,rivalling the diversity of the Great Barrier Reef. The few peices of atoll which</p><p>are above water are also home to a large number of seabirds.It wasinscribed on the unesco list ofworld heritage sites in 1993.</p><p>7. Ogtong Cave Beach in Santa Fe</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 7 Wonders of the World (2)</p><p> 17/17</p><p>Ogtong cave beach resort has almost everything what you can imagine fora nice relaxing vacation on the Philippines. By relaxing, almost deserted</p><p>beaches which can be run to the post is all in up to4-5 km, the hotel alsooffers fine cuisine, surrounded by a super clean facility which is maintainedby few gardeners. The sprawling complex has its name from an underwater</p><p>cave which you can also swim to explore. An experience only could be</p><p>disturbed by the bats in the cave.</p><p>The natural cave because deeper areasexist which you can reach only by diving.</p></li></ul>