a brief history
Post on 09-Feb-2016
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DESCRIPTION1818: Founded in Amsterdam by Johann Peter Bunge 1884 : Bunge y Born established in Argentina by grandson, Ernest Bunge 1905 : Bunge y Born expanded into Brazil 1923 : Bunge North American Grain Corporation founded in New York City to trade raw agricultural commodities - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
A Brief History1818: Founded in Amsterdam by Johann Peter Bunge1884: Bunge y Born established in Argentina by grandson, Ernest Bunge1905: Bunge y Born expanded into Brazil1923: Bunge North American Grain Corporation founded in New York City to trade raw agricultural commodities2001: Changed our name to Bunge North America prior to the initial public offering of our parent company, Bunge Limited2002: Bunge Limited acquired Cereol, which included Central Soya in the United States and CanAmera Foods in Canada
Corporate OrganizationBunge LimitedTraded on NYSE: BG (IPO: 8/2/2001)Global Headquarters: White Plains, NY22,000 employeesOffices in 32 countries2005 Net Sales: $24 Billion
Vertically IntegratedWorlds leading oilseed processor and seller of bottled oilsLeading miller of wheat in South America and corn in North AmericaSouth Americas leading fertilizer producer
Bunge North AmericaBunge North America, Inc., is the North American operating arm of Bunge Limited (NYSE: BG),with facilities in the U.S., Canada and Mexico.
Bunge North America
Waterways & the U.S. EconomyOne in every four acres of U.S. ag production is exported worth over $60 billion a year. In 2005, the U.S. exported over 111 million metric tons of grain and oilseed products valued at over $20 billion. Close to 60 percent of that moves through New Orleans to the Gulf.Our best natural comparative advantage in ag trade the Mississippi River and its tributaries!
Waterways & the U.S. EconomyThe New Orleans Customs District handled $32.4 billion of U.S. exports and $97.3 billion in imports in 2005. The largest agricultural exports by value passing through these ports were:$3.3 billion of soybeans (52 percent of total soybean exports)$2.8 billion of corn (58 percent of total corn exports)$784 million of wheat (18 percent of total wheat exports)
Factors Impacting Barge Freight Strong demand for both traditional southbound and increased northbound barge traffic 2003 to 2004: inbound tonnage through New Orleans increased by more than 42 percent. 2004 to 2005: increased by more than 23 percent. New demand for northbound movements to interior locations lengthens turn-around times and barge availability for southbound movements of agricultural commodities. Significant increases in major commodity imports such as crude petroleum and petroleum products; chemicals; sand, gravel and stone; primary manufacturing goods and manufacturing equipment.
Factors Impacting Barge FreightReduction in the number of barges in the river fleet2005 covered hopper barge fleet at 11,300 barges. 2 percent less than the number of barges available in 2004; 8.9 percent less than 1998.Low water levelsNaturally occurringLack of routine, federal maintenance
Factors Impacting Barge FreightRail & truck transportation often not viable.Rail shipping is already at full capacity.Labor shortage of certified truck drivers. Shipping by barge remains the lowest cost and most overall efficient method of transporting agricultural commodities to export!
Global CompetitivenessValue of public infrastructure investmentsForesight of previous generations paying dividends todayFederal governments roleMulti-state implicationsLegal liability for private investorsAbsolute neutrality benefits all sectors
Global CompetitivenessFreight cost advantage of our waterways system Many international competitors maintain an overall lower cost of production in commodities such as corn and soybeans. The U.S. makes up the difference through efficient handling and shipping.Deterioration of our river system and investments in foreign transportation infrastructure has diminished the U.S. freight advantage over global competitors such as Brazil.Investments in public infrastructure are key to maintaining U.S. competitiveness. We must renew our commitment to maintaining the entire waterways system.
Origination & Destination - Low-Use WaterwaysTributary waterways are a vital transportation system linking agricultural production to the Mississippi River system and export markets beyond. 65 percent of commerce moving on the Mississippi River stems from tributary waterways. Fewer miles = fewer ton-miles Tributaries are part of a waterways system. Nearly 99% of tributary ton-miles derived from traffic moving to or from an origin or destination on another waterway. Without access to terminals on that tributary waterway, the entire movement and total ton-miles would not occur.
The Funding CrisisTributaries and other low-use waterways have been targeted for budget savings over the years.The Presidents FY 04, 05, 06 & 07 Budgets completely eliminate funds for Mississippi River tributaries & ports setting a 1 million ton/1 billion ton-mile threshold.Consequently, the bases of these channels are rising and their navigability is at risk.
Impact on Agriculture Aging infrastructure and deferred maintenance created by insufficient investment levels will result in degraded system performancesafety concerns increased delayshigher transportation costs negative impacts on GDP and employment
Impact on Agriculture Inability to load barges to full capacity because shallow depths limit navigation.Direct correspondence to commodity basis deteriorationLoss of barge freight = 10 to 25 per bushel lost revenue
500 acres of corn planted = avg trendline yield of 150 bushels/acre150 bushels/acre = 75,000 bushels of corn Loss of barge transportation = $7,500 to $18,750 lost revenue
The Road Ahead
Integrate tributaries & shallow ports into larger campaign to maintain the system.National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) CoalitionWaterways inclusion in intermodal transportation systemBridge gap between authorization commitments and appropriationsWRDA final actionOperations & Maintenance appropriations