A Mechanistic View of War and Peaceby George W. Crile; Amy F. Rowland

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Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.A Mechanistic View of War and Peace by George W. Crile; Amy F. RowlandThe American Journal of Nursing, Vol. 16, No. 11 (Aug., 1916), p. 1161Published by: Lippincott Williams & WilkinsStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3405536 .Accessed: 20/05/2014 19:14Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. .Lippincott Williams & Wilkins and Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize,preserve and extend access to The American Journal of Nursing.http://www.jstor.org This content downloaded from 195.78.108.176 on Tue, 20 May 2014 19:14:45 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=lwwhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/3405536?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspBook Reviews 1161 ENGLISH-ITALIAN PHRASE-BOOK FOR SOCIAL WORKERS-PHYSICIANS' SUPPLEMENT. By Edith Waller. Published and sold by E. Wal- ler, Morristown, N. J. Price 25 cents. This is, as its name implies, intended to do for the physician what the larger work does for the social worker, put him in touch with the Italian who needs his assistance. A MECHANISTIC VIEW OF WAR AND PEACE. By George W. Crile, M.D. Edited'by Amy F. Rowland. Illustrated. The MacMillan Com- pany, New York. Price $1.25. Starting from the point that man and other animals are physico- chemical mechanisms, Dr. Crile proceeds to review for our benefit the reasons for the existence of war. The contention of the pacificist that war is needless and that the present dreadful war in particular is a use- less and unwarranted sacrifice of human life is dissipated in short order. Dr. Crile does not believe that war can be eliminated from the web of life. He doubts that its complete elimination would be of great ad- vahtage to man. His aim is "to make an analysis of war; to point out the probability that these phenomena are explainable on a mechanistic basis; to seek its origin and inherent force in man; and to suggest means by which the very forces which have made cycles of war inevitable may be utilized for the evolution of longer and more secure cycles of peace." Under his guidance we are compelled to see the inevitable sequence of cause and effect, incidentally we are bidden to note the strict neu- trality of God to whom millions of prayers ascend for victory from the contending nations. In the chapter on the phenomena of war he notes the consequent exhaustion, and there is a picture of men sleeping while they walk, and sleeping while riding. A few years ago when we laughed at the picture of the Chocolate Soldierof the musical comedy of that name, in his fran- tic efforts to get a bit of sleep, we thought it an exquisitely funny fig- ment of the Shavian brain. Dr. Crile's picture gives us the grim reality. This is but one of many horrible scenes that are spread before us. The chapter which concludes the book makes an earnest plea for edu- cating the young, beginning with the'unborn, to a sense of proper values, that the truly great are not those who wrest from their fellowmen, money, land, etc., but those whose inventions have made possible the conquest of nature, or have benefited the race. This content downloaded from 195.78.108.176 on Tue, 20 May 2014 19:14:45 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspArticle Contentsp. 1161Issue Table of ContentsThe American Journal of Nursing, Vol. 16, No. 11 (Aug., 1916), pp. 1067-1166Editorial Comment [pp. 1067-1071]The Present Status of Woman's Education with Special Application to a Better Nursing Education [pp. 1072-1076]State Health Departments Fighting Cancer [p. 1076]Treatment for a Sprained Ankle [pp. 1077-1079]The Nursing of Nervous Diseases [pp. 1080-1082]Diseases of the Nose (Continued) [pp. 1083-1087]Experiences of a Registered Nurse in the Southern Pinelands [pp. 1088-1089]Contact Theory of Transmission of Contagious Diseases [pp. 1090-1093]The Student Nurse [pp. 1094-1098]The Teaching of Materia Medica (Continued) [pp. 1099-1105]Department of Nursing EducationAn Experiment with a Reference Library [pp. 1106-1108]The Teaching of Bacteriology in Nurses' Training Schools [pp. 1108-1111]Narratives from the War [pp. 1112-1113]Events of the Day [pp. 1114-1116]Hope to Prevent Development of New Cases of Tuberculosis [p. 1116]The Red Cross [pp. 1117-1120]Nursing in Mission Stations [p. 1121]Foreign Department [pp. 1122-1127]Department of Public Health Nursing [pp. 1128-1130]Notes from the Medical Press [pp. 1131-1133]Letters to the EditorThe Seating of an Audience [p. 1134]An Emergency Case [pp. 1134-1135]Nursing News and Announcements [pp. 1136-1159]Book ReviewsReview: untitled [pp. 1160-1161]Review: untitled [p. 1161]Back Matter [pp. 1162-1166]