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  • ATreatiseonEarthly-Mindedness

    byJeremiahBurroughs

    TableofContents

    TotheReader

    ChapterOne:Doctrine:Thereisagreatdifferencebetweenawickedmanandagodlyman.Theonemindstheearth;theothersconversationisinheaven

    ChapterTwo:Earthly-MindednessDiscoveredinNineParticulars

    ChapterThree:SixEvilsofEarthly-Mindedness

    ChapterFour:EightAdditionalEvilsofEarthly-Mindedness

    ChapterFive:FiveThingsmaybeWroughtinanEarthly-MindedMan

    ChapterSix:SevenReasonsofMensEarthly-Mindedness

    Chapter Seven: Eleven Considerations to Take the Hearts of Men off of Earthly-Mindedness

    Chapter Eight: Five Directions How to Get Our Hearts Free From Earthly-Mindedness

    Copyright

    TOTHEREADER

    ItwasthesayingofaservantofChrist,"EverydayaChristianspendsonearthisadaylost inheaven."Hemeant itof theplace,not thecompany, forwhatmakesheaven,butunionandcommunionwithGodinJesusChrist?Thisbeingattainableinthislife,what keeps a Christian from living in heavenwhile he lives upon earth? Truly our

  • fellowship is with the Father and with His Son Jesus Christ, 1 John 1:3 . Ourconversation is inheaven,saidanotherapostle,Phil.3:20 .AndI live,yetnot I,butChristlivethinme,andthelifewhichInowliveintheflesh,IlivebythefaithoftheSonofGod,Galatians2:20.

    Theseweremenon the earth, subject to infirmities aswe are, yet living inheaven.And there are yet in this declining, wanton, Christ-denying age, a generation uponearththusliving,whoselivesandgraces,thoughhiddenunderameanoutside,undermany reproaches and infirmities, yet shine inwardly with the glory of Christ uponthemwho, though they are in theworld, yet follow the Lordwith a different spiritthan the spirit of theworld; andamong thesehiddenonesof theLord, thisblessedman(thePreacherofthesesermons,ofwhomtheworldwasnotworthy)wassuchaonewho,whilehewasuponearth, lived inheaven.Andasyoumayeasilyperceive,the end and scope of these sermons is to wind up your heart to a like frame andposture,viz.,totakeitoffofperishingvanities,andtosetitonthatwhichistherealanddurablesubstance.

    We seeuponwhatweak shoulders the fair neckof allworldlypompandglorynowstands, and how the Lord is winding up and putting an end to the glories of thekingdoms of men, who have not contributed their strength and power to theadvancing,butrathertothepullingdownandeclipsingofthegloryofthekingdomofJesusChrist.Besideswhattheworldtellsus,neverhasanagehadmoreexampleslaidbefore themof theworld's vanity than inourdays.Therefore, ourhearts should sitloosetoallthingsthatcannotstretchthemselvestoeternity.TheApostle'sreasonisfullofweight,

    Itremainsthatboththeythathavewives,beasthoughtheyhadnone;andtheythatweepasthoughtheyweptnot;andtheythatrejoicedasthoughtheyrejoicednot;andthey that buy as though they possessed not; and they that use the world as notabusingit.

    Andthisexhortationheputsonbythisargument,Thetimeisshort,orasthewordis,"The remainder of our season is now folding up, as a veil or curtain into a narrowroom."

    Time is short and life shorter, and theendof all things is athand.Wehavegreaterthings tomindand to setourheartsupon.Thedivinityof thisholyman's spiritdidmuchappearinthis,thathavingmuchofthecomfortthatearthcouldaffordhim,hestilllookeduponallcreaturecontentmentswiththeeyesofastranger,andinordertotheraisingofhissoultoamoreholy,humble,serviceable,self-denyingwalkingwithGod.Foramanwhoenjoyslittleornothinginthisworldtospeakmuchoftheworld'svanityandemptiness,andoftakingtheheartoffthat,isnotasmuchaswhenamanissurroundedwiththeconfluenceofcreaturecomfortsthen,byaDivinespirit,totread

  • upon the neck of these things, and to be caught up into third Heaven, bathing,solacing,andsatisfyingitselfwithsweetandhigherenjoyments,withthemoresavoryandcordialapprehensionsithasofJesusChrist.ThisiscomparabletotheonewhoismadeapartakeroftheDivinenature,andwholivesabovetheworldintheenjoymentoftheworld.

    Sonow,reader,youhavethesesermonstwiceprinted:onceinthepracticeofthisholymanandonceagain in thesepaperswhichwepresent toyou in thispreachingstyle(though we confess thingsmight have beenmore contracted) because we find thismore desired,more acceptable to his hearers and, ifwemistake not,moreworkingupontheaffectionsandmoreprofitabletothegreatestnumberofChristians.

    TheLordJesusbewithyourspirit,andgoalongwiththese,andallhisotherpreciouslabors, to the furtheranceof the joyofyour faith,buildingyouup inthe innerman,anddirectingyouinthewaytoyoureternalrest.

    ThomasGoodwin,WilliamBridge,WilliamGreenhill,WilliamAdderly, John Yates,SydrachSimpson,PhilipNye.

    ChapterOne:Doctrine:Thereisagreatdifferencebetweenawickedmanandagodlyman.Theonemindstheearth;the

    other'sconversationisinheaven

    TheTextOpened,Philippians3:19,"whomindearthlythings"

    ThispreciousScriptureclearlyholdsforththedifferentdispositionsofwickedandofgodlymen,especiallyofsuchwickedmenassetthemselvesagainsttheGospel,foritrelatestosuchaswereprofessedenemiestothecrossofChrist,thatlaboredasbesttheycouldtohinderthesuccessoftheministryofPaul.Youwillfind,ifyoulookbackafewverses,thatthisismeantofthatkindofmenespecially,forhetellsusthatmanywalkedso,astheywereenemiestothecrossofChrist.TheywerethosethatopposedthepreachingofPaulandhisministry.Hedescribesthosemenbydiverscharacters,but I'll treat none of them but this, whomind earthly things, who savour or relishearthlythings,youmaytranslatethisaswell.Itisageneralwordcomprehendingtheactions and operations of both the under-standing and the will. It is, in Scripture,appliedtoboth,butmostcommonlytotheactionsofthewillandaffections.Wewilldealparticularlywithactionsofthewill.

    Earthlythingsarethosethatareontheearth,whatevertheyare,thebeauty,theglory,andpageantryof the earth; theprofits that are earthly, thepleasuresandhonorsoftheworld;whomindanythingsinordinatelythataresublunaryaccommodations.But

  • wecarryandbehaveourselvesasfreecitizensofthecityofHeaven,forsothewordsintheoriginalare,ifweshouldthusreadthem,"Ourcity,wherewearecitizensandwherewehaverights,isheaven."

    Butour conversation,our city converse, isof things thatareabove theearth.WhentheApostlewouldhavementofollowhisexampleandnottheexampleofothers,inthe17thverse,heusesthisasanargumentthatsuchandsuchmenareenemiestothecrossofChrist,andtheymaketheirbellytheirgod,andtheymindearthlythings.Donot followthem;donotharkenwhat theysay toyou; theycomeupanddownfromhouse to house andwhisper this and that to you, andwould take you off from thewaysofGod.Godhasbeguntoenlightenyouandtostiryourconsciences;donotletthepreciousaffectionsofyoursoulsruntowardthem,butbefollowersofusasweareofChrist,forourconversationisinheavenwithourLordandMaster,thisargumentcominginthe20thverse.Thatbeingtheonlyscopeandmeaningofthewords, takethisdoctrinaltruth:THISISTHEGREATDIFFERENCEBETWEENAWICKEDMANANDAGODLYMAN:ONEMINDSEARTHLYTHINGS,ANDTHEOTHERHASHISCONVERSATIONINHEAVEN.Iintendtohandleboththeseinorder.

    Oneofthesemindsearthlythings.ItisaparallelScripturetoRomans8:5,Fortheythatareafterthefleshdomindthethingsoftheflesh."Domind,"thereisthesameword, only here it is the participle and there it is the verb, but themeaning is thesame.Theythatareafter theearthmindearthly things; they thatareafter the fleshfavorfleshlythings.Thefirstpartofthispointisthedescriptionofwickedmen,theythatareenemiestothecrossofChristandtothewaysofgodliness.Theyarementhatmindearthly things,andthemoregrossof themaredescribedbefore thisashavingtheir bellies as their gods. Some of them are very sensual, drunken, unclean, andaltogethergiven tosatisfy the flesh in fleshly lusts.But thereareothers thatdonotappear tobe sobrutish, yet they aremenof earthlymindswho savouronly earthlythings,andthesearethementhataresecretenemiestothecrossofChrist,yea,andwillmanytimesappearsotobe;itwillbreakoutatlength.SuchamanwhosespirithasbeenearthlyforalongtimewillappearatlengthtobeanenemytoChrist'scross.Nowinthehandlingofthispoint,Iwillpropoundthesefivethings:

    First,what it istomindearthlythingsinasinfulway,orthus:Whenamanmaybesaid to be an earthly-minded man, that we may know when a man is an earthly-mindedman,whatitistomindearthlythingsthattheApostledescribeshereawickedman by.Without the opening of this, all that I shall say afterwardswill be to littlepurpose.

    Secondly, thegreat evil that there is inmindingearthly things, and I shallhelpyoudiscoveragreaterevilinitthanyouareawareof.

    Thirdly, lay down some proofs whereby thosemen and women that think they are

  • clearof thissinmayhave itrevealedtotheirconsciencesthat theyarethemenandwomenthatdomindearthlythings.

    Fourthly, I shall search into the reason why the hearts of men and women are somuchafterearthlythings.

    Fifthly,Ishalllabortotakeyourheartsoffofearthlythings.Thesearethefivethingsthataretobedoneinthefirstpartofthepoint,namely,thecharacterofwickedmenherelaiddown,whomindearthlythings.'

    First,whotheyarethatmindearthlythings.Certainlytheyarenotallthosethatenjoyearthly things.Allmenwhomakeuseofearthly thingsmustnotbecondemned formindingthem.Paulhimself,inthisveryepistle,Philippians4:12,wrotethatthoughheknewhowtowant,yetheknewhowtoabound.Hecouldtellhowtomakeuseofearthlythings,andhegiveschargethatallthosethatareinstructedshouldmakesuchas had instructed them partakers of all their goods. Paul charges this! Yea, ChristHimself, inthatScripturewhereHelaborsmosttotakethethoughtsofmenofftheearth,andnottotakeanythoughtforwhattheyshouldeatordrink,stillsays,YourheavenlyFatherknowsthatyehaveneedofthesethings,Matthew6:32.Galatians6:6, Let him that is taught in theWord communicate unto him that teacheth all goodthings,andiftherebeanypretenceagainstit,yethesays,Benotdeceived,Godisnotmockedforwhatsoeveramansoweth,thatshallhealsoreap.

    Therefore,itisnotherecharged,asamarkofanevilman,tohaveearthlythings,andtojustlyrequirewhatisdueuntohim,asPauldoeshere.AndtheGalatianscouldnotchargehimwithbreakinghisownrulewhichhewrotetothePhilippians.Therefore,we must inquire what is