a16 the davidic kingdom-presented by martin jalleh at sfx-pj-rcia on 5-10-2014

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-Presented by Martin Jalleh at SFX-PJ-RCIA on 5-10-2014

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  • 1. The Davidic Kingdom
  • 2. Gods Covenant Family God covenanted with David to build a worldwide kingdom, by establishing an everlasting throne with the son of David, who was destined to rule over all the nations united as a royal family in their common worship of the heavenly Father within his house, the Jerusalem temple. (2 Sam 7:8-19) Adam Noah Abraham Moses David Husband Father Chieftain Judge King Marriage Household Tribe Nation Kingdom Sabbath Rainbow Circumcision Passover Throne
  • 3. Gods 3-fold Blessing to Abraham I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name greatand in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed. (Gen 12:2-3) Genesis 12:2-3 Nationhood Name (dynasty) Worldwide Blessing Genesis 15 Genesis 17 Genesis 22 Mosaic Covenant Davidic Covenant New Covenant Promises: Covenants: Fulfillment:
  • 4. A Man After Gods Heart The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart. (1 Sam 13:14) Samuel anoints David son of Jesse to be the next king of Israel. (1 Sam 16:13)
  • 5. David, King of Israel After the death of king Saul, a civil war breaks out between the house of Saul and the house of David. (2 Sam 2-4) The tribes of Israel come to David in Hebron and proclaim him king of Israel. (2 Sam 5:1-5) David defeats the Jebusites and conquers Jerusalem, which he calls the City of David (Zion). (2 Sam 5:7) Jerusalem is the place where Abram paid tithes to Melchizedek and where he offered Isaac.
  • 6. The Ark in Jerusalem Then David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was wearing a linen ephod. So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting and with the sound of the trumpet. (2 Sam 6:14-15) David brings the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem. (2 Sam 6) As the ark is brought into the city, David wears a priestly linen ephod and dances before it. David offers burnt offerings and peace offerings. (2 Sam 6:12-13) and he blesses the people in the name of the Lord. (2 Sam 6:18) By taking on a priestly role, David restores Israels role as a priestly nation and realizes Gods Abrahamic covenant plan to rule over the human family through his chosen people.
  • 7. Davidic Dynasty I will make your name great (Gen 12:2) Now it came to pass when the king was dwelling in his house, and the LORD had given him rest from all his enemies all around, that the king said to Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells inside tent curtains. (2 Sam 7:1-2) David tells the prophet Nathan that he wishes to build a house for the Lord. (2 Sam 7:1-2) God replies that it is He who will build a house (a dynasty) for David. I will make for you a great name, like the name of the great ones of the earth. And I will appoint a place for My people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own and move no more and I will give you rest from all your enemies. Also the LORD tells you that He will make you a house (2 Sam 7:9b-11).
  • 8. A Covenant for All Nations When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who will come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be his Father, and he shall be My son And your house and your kingdom shall be established forever before you. Your throne shall be established forever. (2 Sam 7:12-16) Davids dynasty will be a universal kingdom. David transforms the national family of Israel into an imperial family and dynastic kingdom over other states and nations. The purpose of this rule is to share with all nations the wisdom, the truth and the righteousness that God had given to Israel. Who am I, O Lord GOD? And what is my house, that You have brought me this far? And yet this was a small thing in Your sight, O Lord GOD; and You have also spoken of Your servants house for a great while to come. This is a law for humanity, O Lord God. (2 Sam 7:18-19)
  • 9. The royal psalms provide insight on the the Davidic covenant. Ps 2: Shows a worldwide theocratic family under The Royal Psalms Gods fatherly law. The rulers who refuse to serve and worship God court disaster. Ps 72: The royal son will reign with righteousness and justice; all kings will serve him. Ps 89: God will make the Son of David the firstborn, the highest of the kings on earth (89:27). Ps 110: The LORD says to my Lord: Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies my footstool You are a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek (Ps 110:1, 4). Partial fulfillment in Solomon and perfect fulfillment in Christ. The Levites take on a new role as singers and musicians who praise the Lord God of Israel ( 1 Chr 15:16-24; 16:4-6; 25).
  • 10. The Davidic Kingdom The kingdom reaches its widest territorial expansion under David.
  • 11. Did David Exist? The Tel Dan Stele: erected by an Aramean king in north Israel (Tel Dan) containing an Aramaic inscription to commemorate his victory over the Israelites. Dated to the 9th or 8th centuries BCE. Contains the letter ' ' (house of David), the first mention of the name "David" at any archaeological site. And my father lay down; he went to his [fathers]. And the king of I[s-]rael penetrated into my father's land[. And] Hadad made memyselfking And I killed two [power]ful kin[gs], who harnessed two thou[sand cha-]riots and two thousand horsemen. [I killed Jo]ram son of [Ahab] king of Israel, and I killed [Achaz]yahu son of [Joram kin]g of the House of David.
  • 12. Davids Downfall Censored One evening, David sees from his roof a beautiful woman bathing: Bath Sheba, the wife of Uriah the Hittite. (2 Sam 11:2) He has her come and he sleeps with her. She conceives a child. David has Uriah return home from the battlefield, but he refuses to sleep with his wife. David sends him back into battle with instructions that he should be placed in the front lines, and the army should retreat from him so that he is struck down and dies. (2 Sam 11:15-17)
  • 13. Royal Woes Now therefore, the sword shall never depart from your house, because you have despised Me, and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife... Behold, I will raise up adversity against you from your own house; and I will take your wives before your eyes and give them to your neighbor, and he shall lie with your wives in the sight of this sun. (2 Sam 12:10-11) Because of this sin, Nathan lays a solemn curse upon the house of David. David repents (Ps 51) and the Lord spares his life, but the child of his union with Bathsheba dies. (2 Sam 12:13-19) Bathsheba conceives a second son destined to inherit the throne of Israel: Solomon. (2 Sam 12:24) Davids life becomes more and more miserable: His son Amnon rapes his half-sister Tamar. Tamars brother Absalom kills Amnon and flees. (2 Sam 13) Absalom leads a revolt against his father David (2 Sam 15) and sleeps with his concubines (2 Sam 16:22). Later, Absalom is killed, to Davids great sorrow.
  • 14. Solomon, Son of David And King David said let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint [Solomon] king over Israel and he shall come and sit on my throne, and he shall be king in my place Then Zadok the priest took a horn of oil from the tabernacle and anointed Solomon. And they blew the horn, and all the people said, Long live King Solomon! (1 Ki 1:32-38) Solomon assumes the throne as Davids chosen heir. (1 Ki 1-2) He is anointed king by Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet. Bathsheba, the Queen Mother, reigns alongside him. (1 Ki 2:19)
  • 15. Priests, Prophets and King Prophets (Word of God) Priests (Temple Liturgy) King (Ruler) The king is to rule in