activity: • touch • hear • put something in your mouth • listen • look
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DESCRIPTIONGetting Ready To Learn Meeting the sensory needs of students to support school performance. Laura Kellough firstname.lastname@example.org http:// kelloughkindergartn.wikispaces.com. Activity: • Touch • Hear • Put something in your mouth • Listen • Look. What Are Sensory Needs? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Getting Ready To Learn Meeting the sensory needs of students to support school performance. Laura Kellough email@example.com http://kelloughkindergartn.wikispaces.com
Getting Ready To LearnMeeting the sensory needs of students to support school performance.Laura Kelloughlaura.firstname.lastname@example.org://kelloughkindergartn.wikispaces.com
Touch Hear Put something in your mouth Listen Look
What Are Sensory Needs? We all have sensory needs that need to be met in order to function properly in everyday life. As adults we have found ways to not fall asleep during a long meeting or get agitated when listening to loud/uncomfortable sounds music. Kindergarten students are unable to identify their needs and understand how to meet them.
From the time a human fetus kicks in the womb it is reacting to its environment and will continue to do so for the rest of its life.
As parents we learned to read the cues babies gave us and met their needsEg: swaddled or not swaddled, fed, dry etc
Movement is critical to normal development-physically, emotionally, socially and cognitively.Play is the Work of Children
Children can attend to a task for approx. one minute/year of age before needing to move
Children need far more input than adults in terms of frequency, duration and intensity they have underdeveloped executive functioning of their brains (until 18) which means they wont choose appropriate ways to meet their needs without interfering with others. High Just Right Low_______________________________________High: over excited, wild, hyper, fidgetyJust Right: when it is easy to learn, play and get along with othersLow: sluggish, spacey, glassy eyed, low tone
Sensory Motor List 1. Putting something in your mouth eg. chew gum or suck on hard candies chewing on pens/pencils, stir sticks bite your lips 2. Move eg. shift in your seat,rock, tap pens and pencils,stretch/shake different body partscross legs
Sensory Needs con't 3. Touch eg. twist hair fidget with items such as phonecords and necklaces, put fingers and hands onface or pet a dog/cat 4. Look eg. watch a fish tank or open shades after aboring movie how you react to cluttered areas, fluorescentLighting
Sensory Needs con't. 5. Listen eg. working in a noisy or quiet roomsing or talk to oneself how you react to noises such as a scratch on achalkboard or alarms
Movement Breaks and Heavy Muscle Work Periods of concentration followed by periodsof movement eg. songs, games, yoga, stretches heavy work gives students the mostgrounding input eg. seat exercises, standing on 1 foot, holding up walls, wall sits, carrying something heavy
Sensory input is received in the brain stem (sub-conscious area of the brain, which is responsible for respiration and heart rate)The brain stem communicates with the cortex in order to make sense of novel input, but over time, the brain recognizes innocuous input and the cortex is less involved. The brain stem essentially inhibits the cortex from responding unnecessarily. This is called bottom up inhibition. Ex. Getting sufficient sensory input through pacing, a wiggle cushion, ball chairthis frees the cortex tro listen to the teacher.Top Down Inhibition a student consciously telling themselves to sit and listen, look at the teachercant focusNew tools and activities will capture the cognitive attention of your students.Not all movement is equal! Random, unstructured, unfocused movement can be disorganizing. Structured movement with a focus can be calming and organizing.Heavy Muscle Work is a great equalizer energizes low engines and calms revving enginesWhat to put in sensory kit Hand Tools balls (spongy, squishy, prickly, sticky, hard) rubber chicken and bendable plush toy pipe cleaners( regular and chenille) hair elastic rings flat latex bracelets
Kit con't sunglasses visor fibre optic lamp oil and water wand, glitter wand
Mouth Tools straws coffee stir sticks
bubbles gum (hot and mild flavours) suckers (sugar free) Kit con't Music ( classical such as Mozart Effect forChildren) Move 'n sit cushions ball chairs ear protectors tent and tunnel weighted ballRules for Use and ImplementationTools NOT Toys. If they become toys they are put away immediately!No touching other people Mouth tools go into the garbage and wash hands immediately.
First Week: start with movement breaksDo a lesson on just right vocabularyMake a gauge
Second Week:- put out tools to explore. Watch for preferences and make notes - put out tools for students to use. - Will take about a month for the novelty to end and only the students who need them will use them.Links:www.alertprogram.com/ www.timetimer.com www.yogakids.com www.responsiveclassroom.org/bookstore/rp_energizers.vid.html www.manitobainmotion.ca/schools www.ncpe4me.com/pdf_files/K-5-Energizers.pdfwww.amazon.com
Where to Buy Items
Websites (see previous page)Dollar storesAuto parts store ( headsets)Fitness stores or Wal-MartSchool specialty storesAcknowledgements Shellenberger, S.,Williams,M.(1994). How DoesYour Engine Run? TM: A Leader's Guide to The Alert Program for Self- Regulation. NM:TherapyWorks Inc.