adjective clauses and appositives(1)
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- 1. ADJECTIVE CLAUSES AND APPOSITIVES
- 2. APPOSITIVES Adds extra information. Explain, give detail to the noun or noun phrase beside it. The cat sat in the snow. Details? Which cat? The cat, a grumpy feline in a Christmas hat, sat in the snow.
- 3. COMMAS My friend makes incredible chocolate fudge Which friend? My friend Tina makes incredible fudge. Tina is a necessary appositive ( not extra information), because I didnt know which friend made the fudge. So, I dont use commas. Tina, my friend, makes incredible fudge. my friend is not a necessary appositive (extra information), because I know which friend made the fudge. So, I use commas Tina
- 4. REMEMBER!! Necessary information (dont use commas) Unnecessary information (use commas)
- 5. ADJECTIVE CLAUSES GIVE EXTRA INFORMATION TO THE NONE (MODIFIES THE NOUN OF A SENTENCE)
- 6. WHEN TO USE COMMAS NONRESTRICTIVE / NONESSENTIAL Pizza, which most people love, is not very healthy. Chicago, which is located on lake Michigan, is the third largest city. Sulaf, who is my reading and writing teacher, loves her students from Peru. The information between the commas is extra information. I can take it out, and it would not change the meaning of the sentence.
- 7. WHEN TO NOT USE COMMAS RESTRICTIVE / ESSENTIAL The woman who is wearing the red dress is my piano teacher. The people whose names are on the list will go to camp. Grandpa remembers the old days when there was no television. Fruit that is grown organically is expensive. Students who are intelligent get good grades. Eco-friendly cars that run on electricity save gas. I know someone whose father served in World War II. The kids who were called first will have the best chance of getting a seat.
- 8. REMEMBER! Commas = a non-restrictive adjective clause = nonessential information No Commas = a restrictive adjective clause = essential information
- 9. INTERESTING COMMA USE My brother, who lives in Tempe, is an engineer. One brother, extra information. Nonrestrictive/ nonessential My brother who lives in Tempe is an engineer. More than one brother, it is important information Restrictive/ essential