advanced electric drive vehicle education program career and technology education curriculum may...
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Advanced Electric Drive Vehicle Education Program Career and Technology Education Curriculum May 2011 Slide 2 WHY IS ADVANCED ELECTRIC DRIVE VEHICLE EDUCATION IMPORTANT TO HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS? Slide 3 DriversLeadersConsumers Technicians YOU ARE THE FUTURE Slide 4 WHY IS LEARNING ABOUT ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION IMPORTANT? Slide 5 Alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles will lessen our nations use of fossil fuels, such as petroleum, and help reduce our greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Increased use of renewable resources and cleaner air through the reduction of green house gases will improve the health of our nations environment and individuals. Fossil Fuels, Greenhouse Gases and Renewable Resources Slide 6 Petroleum is the most used energy source in the Untied States. Image: Primary Energy Consumption by Major Source, 1949-2009. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA) Annual Energy Review 2009 Reducing Petroleum Consumption Slide 7 Transportation accounts for a large portion of U.S. energy consumption. Image: End-Use Shares of Total Energy Consumption, 2009. Source: EIA Annual Energy Review 2009. Reducing Energy Consumption Slide 8 On a global scale, the use of fossil fuels is the chief contributor of greenhouse gas emissions caused by human activity. Image: Global Anthropogenic Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 2004. Source: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 4 th Assessment Report: climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Reducing Energy Consumption Slide 9 Transportation activities account for the second largest portion of CO 2 emissions in the U.S. Image Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks, 1990-2006 Reducing Emissions Slide 10 Federal requirement Epact 1992, CAFE State and local requirements Vary by location Private initiatives FedEx introduces electric trucks Incentives Tax credits Consumer demand Forces Driving Advanced Technology Vehicles Slide 11 ELECTRIC DRIVE VEHICLES Electric drive vehicles utilize electric traction motors and battery technology, whereas conventional gasoline-powered vehicles primarily use internal combustion engines (ICEs). Traction motors and other engines are blended to provide power to the wheels. Because of our addiction to oil and the devastating effects of the emissions, there is a tremendous need for advanced electric drive vehicles, and there are many forces driving their use such as The Energy Policy Act of 1992, or the CAF standards. In 2008, J.D. Power forecasted a 7% market share for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) by 2015. HEVs represented 2.78% of the light-duty market in 2009. Slide 12 CAN YOU PICK OUT THE ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY VEHICLES IN THESE PHOTOS? Slide 13 PHEVHEV BEV FCEV PHEV BEV HEV Slide 14 TYPES OF ADVANCED ELECTRIC DRIVE VEHICLES Slide 15 4 TYPES OF ADVANCED ELECTRIC DRIVE VEHICLES Hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) Toyota Prius Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) Ford Escape Battery Electric vehicles (BEVs) Nissan Leaf Fuel cell electric vehicles(FCEVs) GM Equinox Slide 16 HEVs Use fuel more efficiently and produce fewer harmful emissions than conventional engines. Combine the inherent benefits of both gasoline and electric vehicle drive systems. The ICE converts the vehicles fuel into electrical energy and sends power to the wheels. Toyota Prius HEV. Source: NAFTC Slide 17 Have enhanced charging capacities. Can be restored to a full charge by plugging them into an electrical outlet. Achieve 30-50% more fuel economy than standard HEVs. Typically have an all-electric range of 20-60 miles. Are lighter than purely electric vehicles because fewer batteries are required. PHEV charging. Source: Ford PHEVs Slide 18 Work like a cell-phone: Plug it into an electricity source to charge the battery and then unplug and drive. Optimal charge times are between 6 and 18 hours. Utilize an electric motor and regenerative breaking, which help to lightly recharge the batteries while driving. Have a practical driving range of 40 200 miles for use in most daily commutes. Do not require belts, filters, spark plugs, or any of the items that would require periodic maintenance on a conventional vehicle. Chevy Volt Source: NREL PIX #17061 BEVs Slide 19 Use a fuel cell to generate electricity and use hydrogen fuel to produce the electrical power that propels the vehicle. Hydrogen gas burns in an internal combustion engine. However, the cars mechanical system must undergo some changes, such as a high pressure tank to store the fuel. Electricity is generated by an electro-chemical process from hydrogen stored in fuel cells. The main by-products of the process are water and heat, therefore there are zero tailpipe emissions. Ford FCEV. Source: NREL PIX #15722 FCEVs Slide 20 If you have further questions, please contact Advanced Electric Drive Project Manager Amy Gandy at the National Alternative Fuels Training Consortium. Ridgeview Business Park 1100 Frederick Lane Morgantown, WV 26508 304-293-7882 Amy.Gandy@mail.wvu.edu Slide 21 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION National Alternative Fuels Training consortium www.naftc.wvu.edu National Alternative Fuel Vehicle Day Odyssey www.nationalafvdayodyssey.org Advanced Electric Drive Vehicle Education Program www.aedve.info Slide 22 THANK YOU FOR JOINING US ON THE PATHWAY TO ENERGY INDEPENDENCE.