advancing the transfer of agricultural technology & research : malaysia’s perspective
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DESCRIPTIONAdvancing the Transfer of Agricultural Technology & Research : Malaysia’s Perspective. Basic Input Factors Land Labour. Basic Input Factors Infrastructure Collateralized risk- free capital Labour. TRANSFORMATION OF A NATION. MALAYSIA’S ASPIRATIONS BY 2020. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Advancing the Transfer of Agricultural Technology & Research:Malaysias Perspective
1MALAYSIAS ASPIRATIONS BY 2020
Basic Input FactorsLand LabourBasic Input FactorsInfrastructureCollateralized risk- free capitalLabourKnowledge based Critical Success FactorsCreativityHigh-incomeKnowledge-economyTechnologyMarket
TRANSFORMATION OF A NATIONTransformation of Malaysia from low income to high income nation.
Agricultural Based Economy Industrial Based Economy Knowledge Based Economy 2
Preservation and enhancement of unity in diversity
People First,Performance Now
April 2009Effective delivery of Government services
Government Transformation Programme (GTP)
6 National Key Result Areas (NKRAs)
January 2010New Economic Model: A high income, inclusive and sustainable nation
Economic Transformation Programme (ETP) 8 Strategic Reform Initiatives (SRIs)March 2010Smooth Implementation of governments development programme
10th Malaysia Plan (2010-2015) Macroeconomic growth targets & expenditure allocationJune 2010VISION
2020MALAYSIAS 4 PILLARS OF NATIONAL TRANSFORMATIONTRANSFORMATION OF A NATION- The 4 pillars driving towards vision 20203MAJOR GOALS
Reduce crime Fight corruption Improve student outcomes Raise living standardsImprove rural basic infrastructure Improve urban public transport People First, Performance NowHigh incomeInclusivenessSustainability Move up the value chainRaise capacity for knowledge and innovationAddress socio-economic inequalitiesImprove quality of lifeStrengthen institutional and implementation capacityTRANSFORMATION OF A NATIONStrengthening Agricultural development is part of the Government efforts to address some of these goals.
The related goals are:People First, performance nowRaise living standards &Sustainability- farmers & fishermen - high income and inclusiveness 4.Address socio-economic inequalities- who / which Ministry or Agency to play their role in strengthening agricultural development
4Malaysian Agriculture Research Development InstituteBody entrusted by the Government of Malaysia to carry out R&D in the Food and Agriculture and agriculture-based industryResearch focus: Cloning of food (rice, coco, cassava, sweet potatoes etc and non-food plant varieties, New breed of animals), Food processing, post-harvest activities Other research areas include precision farming and Environmental sustainability.Other activities:Providing services to nurture agriculture and food related entrepreneursProduct and services meeting standard Quality control
TRANSFORMATION OF A NATIONInitiative become the focus of the Malaysian Agriculture Research Development Institute (MARDI).
Ministry of Agriculture and Agro Based Industry established Malaysian Agriculture Research and Development Institute (MARDI) to create, innovate, transfer and apply knowledge, competencies and services to transform the national food, agriculture and bio-based industries towards increased commercialisation and competitiveness.5
MARDIs Achievements More than 90% of Malaysias rice granary areas developed by MARDI. More than 30 rice varieties to fulfill the need of the nations. (contribute to RM500 million per year income to farmers. Develop technologies to export of pineapple and papaya amounted to RM255 million a year.48 Small and Medium Industries used MARDI technology with the export amount of more than RM77M
TRANSFORMATION OF A NATIONSome of the achievements of MARDI over the years.6FAMA main function is :
Coordinate agriculture marketing activity both in private sector or department / government agency Improve marketing system and expand new market of Malaysian agriculture development Collaborating with private sector and department / government agency to create efficient and effective agriculture marketing system Develop an efficient management in agriculture industry, marketing activity or agricultural products processing Involve directly in agriculture industry, especially in marketing activity and products processing.
A marketing agency which was established under Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry to monitor, coordinate, control and develop product marketing of Malaysian agriculture, including import and export.
FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL MARKETING AUTHORITY (FAMA)TRANSFORMATION OF A NATION
The establishment of FAMA to assist farmers to market their products and also as buyer of last resort.7Increase crop productivityValue added food products and foodsEmergence of new strains of pest and diseasesDevelopment of new varieties and breedsFood security
BIOTECHNOLOGY MEET THE CHALLENGES & IMPROVE COMPETITIVENESS
Challenges faced by MalaysiaS Agriculture SECTOR
TRANSFORMATION OF A NATIONProblem statement
On top of the above challenges, other challenges includes:
Shortage of labour;Limited availability of suitable land for agricultural; andAdverse weather conditions.
Therefore, in order to address those challenges and improve competitiveness, biotechnology is the way forward.
Thus _____8National Biotechnology Policy OBJECTIVES
Generate new growth engine for the nation by creating value that is competitive, innovative and consistent with Vision 2020
Formulate the economic, legislative and regulatory frameworks that will support core biotechnology sectors
Identify implementation strategies in order to establish Malaysia as a competitive nation with leading edge businesses
Develop biotechnology to enhance healthcare and medical support for a better quality of life for all Malaysians
Extract greater value from agriculture and natural resources by utilizing Malaysias unique biodiversity / natural environment
Position biotechnology as the new economic engine to enhance prosperity and wellness of the nation by 2020
TRANSFORMATION OF A NATION9And therefore the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI) formulated the National Biotechnology Policy (NBP) to complement the efforts by MOA into looking new growth area based on the challenges stated before.MODERN agriculture technologyMechanization / AutomationModern AgricultureHigher yieldSustainabilityPrecisionAgriculture (ICT)Organic FarmingCrop rotation, Integratedpest managementGenetic ModificationTempering Genetic tradeBio-based TechnologyNuclear methods(Mutagenesis)
TRANSFORMATION OF A NATIONLooking forward into Modern Agriculture Technology, various technology platform were adopted for the purpose of producing higher yield and sustainability.
Other than MARDI, other institutes formed under Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI) are:
Agribiotech (ABI);Ipham (Institute of Pharmaceutical & Nutraceutical); andGenom Institute.10R & D in Agro-BiotechnologyProduce new, innovative and competitive products & technologies to marketHuman capital development Value add technologies and products to agricultural productsPlant BiotechnologyLivestock BiotechnologyFood Biotechnology New plant variety Gene discovery Biofertiliser & biopesticide Transgenics plant Vaccine & diagnostics Advance reproductive biotechnology Marker assisted selection Functional food Metabolomics Nano-biotechnology Food safety & security BioinformaticsDevelopment Work at Agri-Biotechnology Institute (ABI)TRANSFORMATION OF A NATIONThe Agri-Biotechnology Institute (ABI) was established to narrow-down our focus area particularly in Plant Biotechnology, Food Biotechnology and Livestock Biotechnology.
Ipham on nutraceutical and pharmaceutical (e.g. herbal based)
Genom11New Sources of Growth
ICT FOR Agriculture National Implementation Program WSN OverviewNew Ways of Doing Things:Real Time informationPervasivePrecise InformationFast & Accurate informationFor Better Quality of Life:Life enrichmentImprove productivityEnhance SecurityEnvironment conservationFastest Growing Market in Asia(West Technology Research Solutions ,May 2007)10 Emerging Technology that will Change the World(Technology Review, Feb 2003).. Wireless sensor networking chip market grew 300% in 2010..(EE Times, March 2011)Wireless Sensor Network(WSN)TRANSFORMATION OF A NATIONWireless Sensor network (WSN) technology has been identified as the New Sources of Growth (NSG) in the agricultural industry;A wireless sensor network (WSN) consists of spatially distributed autonomous sensors to monitor physical or environmental conditions, such as temperature, sound, vibration, pressure, motion or pollutants and to cooperatively pass their data through the network to a main location;Using wireless sensor networks within the agricultural industry is increasingly common; Wireless network frees farmer from the maintenance of wiring in a difficult environment. Gravity feed water systems can be monitored using pressure transmitters to monitor water tank levels, pumps can be controlled using wireless I/O devices and water use can be measured and wirelessly transmitted back to a central control center for billing. Irrigation automation enables more efficient water use and reduces waste.12Precision AgricultureProvide complete value chain from seed to shelf in the agriculture sectorSpearheading application of ICT (Wireless Sensor Network) in agriculture for yield improvementEstablish portal Agribazaar for farmers to sell their produce directly to avoid middle-man.Automation of agriculture industry using decision Support system
Portal for farmers to sell their productsICT in agriculture for productivity improvement
TRANSFORMATION OF A NATIONOne of the examples of using ICT in a