aicpa fasb accounting standards presentation

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The U.S. GAAP Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Codification™ is fully effective for all entities. The Codification is effective for financial statements issued for interim and annual periods ending after September 15, 2009. The Codification has created an entirely new topically organized system for all accountants to learn.Learn more about Codification at:http://ugaap.com/blog/?p=234#comments

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  • 1. ARE YOU READY FOR THE NEW FASB CODIFICATION? This presentation has not been approved, disapproved, or otherwise acted upon by any senior technical committees of the AICPA, nor does it represent the views or an official position of the AICPA. This presentation is not intended as legal, accounting, or other professional advice and should not be relied upon as such. 2009 The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants

2. Todays Objectives

  • Todays session is designed to help you better understand
    • the purpose, meaning, and structure of the Codification
    • how to implement FASBAccounting Standards Codification TM(ASC); and
    • available resources to aid in the transition.

3. What is the Codification? 4. What is the Codification?

  • The source of authoritative US GAAP recognized by FASB to be applied by all nongovernmental entities
  • An effort to reduce the complexity of accounting standards and to facilitate international convergence.
    • The effort resulted in a major restructuring of accounting and reporting standards.
  • Level A D U.S. GAAP (previously issued by a standard setter) was codified into a topically organized format (approximately 90 topics).

5. What is the Codification? (cont.)

  • It is NOT intended to change U.S. GAAP.
  • It supersedes existing sources of U.S. GAAP, and any prior sources of U.S. GAAP not included in the Codification or grandfathered are not authoritative.
  • It is the authoritative source for U.S. GAAP in addition to guidance issued by the SEC.
  • It eliminates the four prior levels of the U.S. GAAP hierarchy (for nongovernmental entities) and instead integrates U.S. GAAP in which all guidance carries an equal level of authority.

6. Why Codify U.S. GAAP?

  • Constituent concern was that U.S. GAAP was overly confusing and difficult to research.
  • Multiple types of standards, multiple standard setters, multiple indexing schemes, and different levels of authority made it difficult to ensure completeness of all relevant guidance and accuracy of its application to an accounting issue.

7. Goals of the Codification

  • Simplify user access to all authoritative U.S. GAAP
  • Reduce the amount of time and effort required to solve an accounting research issue
  • Mitigate the risk of noncompliance with standards through improved usability of the literature
  • Provide accurate information with real-time updates as new standards are released

8. Goals of the Codification (cont.)

  • Assist FASB with the research and international convergence efforts required during the standard-setting process
  • Become the authoritative source of literature for the completed eXtensible business reporting language (XBRL) taxonomy
  • Clarify that guidance not contained in the Codification isnot authoritative

See the FASBs Codification Notice to Constituents for a full discussion on the goals of the Codification. 9. How to Access the Codification

  • It is available online, after a quick registration, at http://asc.fasb.org and as a link from fasb.org.
  • There is
    • free access to abasic viewof the Codification.
    • fee based subscription to theprofessional viewwhich has enhanced functionality (search and retrieval functions, printer-friendly with sources utility, cross reference features, personal annotations, and dynamic linking capabilities).
  • FASB plans to issue the Codification in print.

10. The Codification Timeline and What it Means for You 11. Release of the Codification as Authoritative

  • June 3, 2009, FASB voted to approve the Codification as the source of authoritative U.S. accounting and reporting standards for nongovernmental entities, in addition to guidance issued by the SEC.
  • June 30, 2009, FASB issued FASB Statement No. 168 which flattens the GAAP hierarchy into the two new levels of: authoritative (in the Codification) and nonauthoritative (not in the Codification)
  • Financial statement preparers, auditors, and academics alikemustuse the Codification.

12. Referencing the Codification in Financial Statements

  • An entity should reflect the Codification in its financial statements issued for interim and annual periods ending after September 15, 2009.
  • Prior to the issuance of the Codification it was not unusual for footnotes to refer to specific standard numbers (for example, as required by FASB Statement No. 133). These references are no longer the authoritative source of GAAP, and such references will change.
  • FASB encourages the use of plain English to describe references in the future (for example, as required by the Derivatives and Hedging Topic of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification.)

13. Referencing the Codification in Financial Statements

  • What this means for non public entities:
    • For non public entities without interim filings, preparers choosing to reference specific accounting guidance in financial statements would make those references to the Codification for the first annual period ending after September 15, 2009.
      • For example, a non public entity with a 7/31/09 year endwould notreference the Codification in its financial statements.
      • A non public entity with a 12/31/09 year endwouldreference the Codification in its financial statements.

14. Referencing the Codification in Financial Statements

  • What this means for public entities:
    • For public entities, preparers choosing to reference specific accounting guidance in financial statements would make those references to the Codification for the first financial statements issued for interim or annual periods ending after September 15, 2009.
      • For example, a public entity filing financial statements for the quarter ended 6/30/09 wouldnotreference the Codification in its financial statements.
      • A public entity filing financial statements for the quarter ended 9/30/09wouldreference the Codification in its financial statements.

15. Referencing the Codification in Financial Statements

  • While an entities financial statements may not include Codification references until after September 15, 2009, begin using the Codification now.
  • Also, since the Codification is not intended to change GAAP, the consistent use of references only to the Codification for all periods presented (including periods before the authoritative release of the Codification) would be reasonable.

16. Referencing the Codification in Financial Statements

  • It is prudent to expect that audit, attest, or compilation and review work papers associated with financial statements for a period ending after September 15, 2009 would also reflect the Codification since the underlying financial statements, the subjects of those engagements, reference the Codification.
  • If an entity continues to follow grandfathered guidance not included in the Codification, you would still reference those standards (and not FASB ASC). An explanation and a partial listing of grandfathered guidance is included in FASB Statement No. 168.

17. Codification Content 18. Codification Content

  • Includesauthoritative guidance (for example, standards sections, implementation guidance, and so on)
  • Excludescontent deemed redundant or nonauthoritative (for example, much of basis for conclusions)

19. Codification Content (cont.)

  • Content Approach and Features
    • The Codification uses a current text approach; it does not identify documents that solely amend other standards.
    • The Codification provides references to the standards used in the Codification through the cross-reference tool (available in the basic and professional view).
  • The Codification includes all level A D U.S. GAAP issued by a standard setter, in addition to AICPA TIS 5100, Revenue Recognition (paragraphs 38-76).

20. Codification Content (cont.)

  • The following literature is included in the Codification:
    • FASB Statements, Interpretations, Technical Bulletins, Staff Positions, Staff Implementation Guides, and Statement No. 138 Examples
    • EITF Abstracts and Topic D
    • Derivative Implementation Group Issues
    • Accounting Principles Board Opinions
    • Accounting Research Bulletins
    • FASB Accounting Interpretations
    • AICPA Accounting Statements of Position, Practice Bulletins, incremental accounting guidance from Audit and Accounting Guides, and Technical Inquiry Service questions and answers (for Software Revenue Recognition only)
    • Select SEC guidance

21. SEC Content in the

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