alice y. chang1 greek mythology, the homeric hymns, and theogony

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  • Alice Y. Chang*Greek Mythology , the Homeric Hymns,and Theogony

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Greek mythology is . . .Alice Y. Chang*the body of myths and legends belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their Gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.a part of religion in ancient Greece.

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Modern scholars refer to the myths and study them in an attempt to throw light on the religious and political institutions of Ancient Greece, on the Ancient Greek civilization, and to gain understanding of the nature of myth-making itself.

    Alice Y. Chang*

    Alice Y. Chang

  • The Olympian gods = natural forcesAlice Y. Chang*The Olympian gods, like the natural forces of sea and sky, follow their own will even to the extreme of conflict with each other, and always with a sublime disregard for the human beings who may be affected by the results of their actions. It is true that they are all subjects of a single more powerful god, Zeus.

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Subject mattersAlice Y. Chang*Greek mythology is embodied explicitly in a large collection of narratives and implicitly in representational arts, such as vase-paintings and votive gifts. Greek myth explains the origins of the world and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines and other mythological creatures. These accounts initially were disseminated in an oral-poetic tradition; today the Greek myths are known primarily from Greek literature.

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Alice Y. Chang*

    Alice Y. Chang

  • The temple of HeraAlice Y. Chang*

    Alice Y. Chang

  • sourcesAlice Y. Chang*the epic poems Iliad and Odyssey, focus on events surrounding the Trojan War. Hesiod: the Theogony and the Works and Days, contain accounts of the genesis of the world, the succession of divine rulers, the succession of human ages, the origin of human woes, and the origin of sacrificial practices. Myths also are preserved in the Homeric Hymns

    Alice Y. Chang

  • http://wl2009.wordpress.com/2010/10/20/music-of-ancient-greece-hymn-to-the-muse-by-halaris/

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1v3fJSn-oPo&feature=related

    Alice Y. Chang*Music of Ancient Greece - Hymn to the Muse - by Halaris

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Alice Y. Chang*

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Greek pantheonAlice Y. Chang*According to Classical-era mythology, after the overthrow of the Titans, the new pantheon of gods and goddesses was confirmed. Among the principal Greek gods were the Olympians, residing atop Mount Olympus under the eye of Zeus.

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Alice Y. Chang*

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Olympian GodsAlice Y. Chang*Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hestia, Hera, Aris, Athena, Apollo, Aphrodite, Hermes, Artemis, Hephaestus http://memo.cgu.edu.tw/yu-yen/2008-greek-mythology1.pdf

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Alice Y. Chang*

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Greek god (Roman equivalent) Alice Y. Chang*Zeus (Jupiter)/ Hera (Juno) / Demeter (Ceres) / Artemis (Diana)/ Aphrodite (Venus)/ Eros (Cupid)/ Hermes (Mercury) / Hephaistos (Vulcan) / Poseidon (Neptune) / Apollo (Apollo) / Ares (Mars) / Athena (Minerva) / Hestia (Vesta) / Dionysus (Bacchus)/ Pan (Faunus)/ Heracles (Hercules) / Asclepius (Aesculapius) / Hades (Dis Pater) / Persephone (Proserpine)

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Temple of Zeus (600 BCE), the largest Greek pantheon outside of AthensAlice Y. Chang*

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Delphi, Temple of ApolloAlice Y. Chang*

    Alice Y. Chang

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    Alice Y. Chang

  • Prometheus

    Alice Y. Chang* "Prometheus" "foresight"

    Alice Y. Chang

  • The sculptor of this Roman sarcophagus has portrayed Prometheus as a workman creating mini-humans.Alice Y. Chang*

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Prometheus and the eagleAlice Y. Chang*Zeus

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Alice Y. Chang*

    Alice Y. Chang

  • PROMETHEUS & THE EAGLE Alice Y. Chang*

    Alice Y. Chang

  • The giant fennelInGreek mythology,Prometheusused the stalk of a fennel plant to steal fire from the gods. Also, it was from the giant fennel,Ferula communis, that the Bacchanalian wands of the god Dionysus and his followers were said to have come

  • Fennel: marathos() The Greek name for fennel ismarathos() the place of the famousbattle of Marathonthe subsequent sports eventMarathon(), literally means a plain with fennels.

  • Pandoras BoxAlice Y. Chang*Pandora ("giver of all, all-endowed") was the first woman.As Hesiod related it, each god helped create her by giving her unique gifts.

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Pandoras BoxPandoras Box

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  • PithosAnesidoraAlice Y. Chang*

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  • 7HesiodTheogony570Works and Days

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  • "Pandora" by John William Waterhouse, 1896.

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  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti Pandora (1869)Alice Y. Chang*

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  • World map of Hecataeus (c.550-c.490 BCE): Alice Y. Chang*

    Alice Y. Chang

  • kosmosThe Greek term used to denote this ordered world was Kosmos, form which we draw our word cosmology. The capricious world of divine intervention was being pushed aside, making room for order and regularity; chaos was yielding to Kosmos. Alice Y. Chang*

  • Earth is the centre of the universe.Alice Y. Chang*

  • Nature/ physisA clear distinction between the natural and the supernatural was emerging; and there was wide agreement that causes (if they are to be dealt with philosophically) must be sought only in the natures of thing. The philosophers who introduced these new ways of thinking were called by Aristotle physikoi or physiologoi, from their concern with physis or nature.

    Alice Y. Chang*

  • Hesiods Theogonya poem by Hesiod describing the origins and genealogies of the gods of the ancient Greeks, composed circa 700 BC.a large-scale synthesis of a vast variety of local Greek traditions concerning the gods, organized as a narrative that tells about the origin of the cosmos and about the gods that shaped cosmos.

    Alice Y. Chang*

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  • Chaos Eros and Gaiathat Chaos arose spontaneously. Chaos gives birth to Eros and Gaia (Earth), the more orderly and safe foundation that would serve as a home for the gods and mortals, came afterwards. Tartarus (both a place below the earth as well as a deity) and Eros (Desire) also came into existence from nothing. Alice Y. Chang*

  • Chaos Darkness and NightEros serves an important role in sexual reproduction, before which children had to be produced by means of parthenogenesis. From Chaos came Erebos (Darkness) and Nyx (Night). Erebos and Nyx reproduced to make Aither (Brightness) and Hemera (Day). From Gaia came Ouranos (Sky), the Ourea (Mountains), and Pontus (Sea).

    Alice Y. Chang*

  • TheogonyStudy Guide for Hesiod's Theogonyhttp://www.temple.edu/classics/Theogony-guide.html

    : 871.31 8775 88

    Alice Y. Chang*

  • http://wl2009.wordpress.com/2009/10/04/timeline-of-world-mythology/ Timeline of WorldMythology

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  • anthropomorphic deitiesAlice Y. Chang*The gods and humans shared a common history. This was a world of anthropomorphic deities interfering in human affairs, using humans as pawns in their own plots and intriguesacting out of spite, anger, love, lust, benevolence, pleasure, or simple caprice. The gods were also implicated in natural phenomena. Sun and moon were conceived as deities, offspring of Theia and Huperion.

    Alice Y. Chang

  • a capricious worldAlice Y. Chang*Storms, lightning bolts, winds, and earthquakes were not regarded as inevitable outcomes of impersonal, natural forces, but mighty feats willed by the gods. The result was a capricious world, in which nothing could be safely predicted because of the boundless possibilities of divine intervention.

    Alice Y. Chang

  • HeroesAlice Y. Chang*Perseus, Theseus, BellerophonAtlanta, Heracles, Meleager

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Hercules and AchillesAlice Y. Chang*

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  • Heracles and the HeracleidaeAlice Y. Chang*Some scholars believe that behind Heracles' complicated mythology there was probably a real man, perhaps a chieftain-vassal of the kingdom of Argos. Some scholars suggest the story of Heracles is an allegory for the sun's yearly passage through the twelve constellations of the zodiac.Others point to earlier myths from other cultures, showing the story of Heracles as a local adaptation of hero myths already well established. Traditionally, Heracles was the son of Zeus and Alcmene granddaughter of Perseus.

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Heracles Alice Y. Chang*He is portrayed as a sacrificier, mentioned as a founder of altars, and imagined as a voracious eater himself; it is in this role that he appears in comedy, while his tragic end provided much material for tragedy Heracles is regarded by Thalia Papadopoulou as "a play of great significance in examination of other Euripidean dramas".In art and literature Heracles was represented as an enormously strong man of moderate height; his characteristic weapon was the bow but frequently also the club. Vase paintings demonstrate the unparalleled popularity of Heracles, his fight with the lion being depicted many hundreds of times.

    Alice Y. Chang

  • Alice Y. Chang*HerculesThebes Megara

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  • Alice Y. Chang*Mycenae Eurystheus Nessus Deianira

    Alice Y. Chang