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- 1. AMERICA IN WWl
- 2. April 1917, after two and a half years of efforts by President Woodrow Wilson to keep the United States neutral Americans had no idea that war was imminent in Europe in the summer of 1914, and tens of thousands of tourists were caught by surprise. The U.S. government, under Wilson's firm control, called for neutrality "in thought and deed".Apart from an Anglophile element supporting the British, American public opinion went along with neutrality at first. The sentiment for neutrality was strong among Irish
- 3. Life for soldiers in World War One was not an easy one. Apart from facing death, the soldiers also had to endure rat infestation in the trenches with brown rat most feared as they disfigured human remains by feeding on their eyes and liver. They also had lice breeding in the seams of their dirty clothes and caused Trench Fever which began with sudden severe pain followed by high fever. There were also frogs and slugs. The soldiers suffered from a fungal infection of the feet known as Trench foot due to poor sanitary conditions in the trenches.
- 4. The U.S. Army recruited and trained 233 female bilingual telephone operators to work at switchboards near the front in France and sent 50 skilled female stenographers to France to work with the Quartermaster Corps. The U.S. Navy enlisted 11,880 women as Yeomen (F) to serve stateside in shore billets and release sailors for sea duty. More than 1,476 U.S. Navy nurses served in military hospitals stateside and overseas. The U.S. Marine Corps enlisted 305 female Marine Reservists (F) to "free men to fight" by filling positions such as clerks and telephone operators on the home front. More than 400 U.S. military nurses died in the line of duty during World War I. The vast majority of these women died from a highly contagious form of influenza known as the "Spanish flu which swept through crowded military camps and hospitals and ports of embarkation
- 5. French and American troops stopped a critical German attack just outside of Paris in July and August of 1918. A counterattack was ordered and, with the help of the British, the Allies forced Germany back to where its attack beganthe Hindenburg Line. World War I was characterized by trench warfare. Each army dug protective trenches-long, deep rows of ditches dug in the ground-in which they slept, ate and fought again. The Treaty of Versailles, signed in 1919, was one of five peace treaties signed after the Central Powers surrendered to the Allies. Germany was forced to acknowledge guilt for the war, pay the other countries for the damage they caused, and reduce the size of its armed forces. It was also forced to return territory it claimed during the war to France, Poland, Belgium, and Denmark. After unsuccessful protests, Germany reluctantly signed the treaty.
- 6. By the end of World War One in November 1918, some 26 countries had joined the Allied Powers and declared war upon the Central Powers. They were; Serbia, Russia, France, Belgium, Japan, Montenegro, Great Britain, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa, Italy, Portugal, Romania, USA, Cuba, Brazil, Panam, Thailand, Liberia, Greece, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Haiti.
- 7. Woodrow Wilson was an American president who led his nation through the hard years of World War 1. His role in the war was that of being a peace broker by staying neutral to avoid getting America into war, but after the Germans sunk a US ship with civilians he decided to submit a declaration of war to the congress.
- 8. Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924) was the 28th President of the United States, serving two terms from 1913- 1919. As president of Princeton University and later as governor of New Jersey, Wilson was a leading Progressive, arguing for a stronger central government and fighting for anti-trust legislation and labor rights. As president of the United States, he passed important legislation on those and many other issues, narrowly winning reelection in 1916 after pledging to keep America out of World War I.
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