anatomical terms

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ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY 1 MID 1143

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Page 1: anatomical terms

ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY 1MID 1143

Page 2: anatomical terms

TOPIC 2:BASIC ANATOMICAL

TERMINOLOGY

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BASIC ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY

• Anatomical position• Anatomical description • Anatomical planes and sections• Body cavities

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ANATOMICAL POSITION

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ANATOMICAL POSITION

• Standardized method of observing or imaging the body that allows precise and consistent anatomical references.

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ANATOMICAL POSITION

• Upright, facing the observer – erect• Head level & eyes facing directly

forward• Upper limbs at sides• Palms turned forward

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Arms at side, palms turned

forward2

Standing upright,ERECT

Head level,Face forward

CENSORED!

Legs at side,Toes turned forward

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ANATOMICAL DESCRIPTION

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ANATOMICAL DESCRIPTION

• Using Greek/Latin words • E.g:–Nasal = nose–Mental = chin

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REGIONAL TERMS

• 2 fundamental region:– Axial• Head• Neck• Trunk

– Appendicular• Upper limb• Lower limb

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DIRECTIONAL TERMS

• Describe the position of one body part relative to another.

• e.g:– Elbow is inferior to shoulder– Knee is superior to ankle– The heart and spleen are ipsilateral

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DIRECTIONAL TERMS

• Describe the definition below and give ONE example how each is used:– Superior/Cranial - Intermediate– Inferior/Caudal - Ipsilateral– Anterior/Ventral - Contralateral– Posterior/Dorsal - Proximal–Medial - Distal– Lateral

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