Ancient Civilizations - Six Great Enigmas

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<ul><li><p>7/28/2019 Ancient Civilizations - Six Great Enigmas</p><p> 1/9</p><p>Ancient Civilizations: Six Great EnigmasApril 10, 2013</p><p>Will Hart &amp; Robert Berringer,New Dawn</p><p>Waking Times</p><p>We stand today at an unprecedented turning point in human history. In recent years two versions of</p><p>ancient history have formed. One, we shall call alternative history, the other we shall refer to as official</p><p>history. The former ponders over a variety of anomalies and tries to make sense out of the corpus of</p><p>evidence, i.e., the pyramids and timelines, why they were built, by whom and when. The latter conducts</p><p>digs, catalogues pottery shards, and tries to defend its proposal there are no enigmas, and virtually</p><p>everything is explained.</p><p>At one point perhaps as late as fifteen years ago these two camps seem to be engaged in an informal</p><p>dialogue. That all changed after, 1) the Great Sphinx re-dating controversy caught Egyptologists off guard</p><p>and, 2) the impact of Chris Dunns bookThe Giza Power Plant: Technologies of Ancient Egyptat the end</p><p>of the last decade.</p><p>There is no more dialogue and no more polite, gloves on debate. The proponents of official history have</p><p>taken an increasingly political and ideological approach to the issue. They now do little more than offer</p><p>pronouncements of the historical truth on the one hand, and denounce of all those who dare challenge</p><p>officialdom on the other. In this context we offer evidence that our scholars, the gatekeepers who control</p><p>our institutions of higher learning, refuse to consider.</p><p>The Great Pyramid Precision Engineering</p><p>This colossal structure, the last of the seven ancient wonders and the largest stone building in the world,</p><p>still provokes awe, controversy and a plethora of theories that inspire bitter debate to this day. Instead of</p><p>going over the well-established mysteries, we would like to shine new light on this important enigma that</p><p>appears out of place in Stone Age Egypt. </p>;camp=1789&amp;creative=9325&amp;creativeASIN=1879181509&amp;linkCode=as2&amp;tag=wakitime09-20;camp=1789&amp;creative=9325&amp;creativeASIN=1879181509&amp;linkCode=as2&amp;tag=wakitime09-20;camp=1789&amp;creative=9325&amp;creativeASIN=1879181509&amp;linkCode=as2&amp;tag=wakitime09-20;camp=1789&amp;creative=9325&amp;creativeASIN=1879181509&amp;linkCode=as2&amp;tag=wakitime09-20</li><li><p>7/28/2019 Ancient Civilizations - Six Great Enigmas</p><p> 2/9</p><p>The real challenge the Great Pyramid still poses to us in the opening decade of the Third Millennium is</p><p>the physical plant itself. Theorists have gone on endlessly speculating about how it was built and the</p><p>metaphysical, cultural and religious significance and/or symbolism behind its construction. Though</p><p>several authors have offered tantalizing possibilities, none have been conclusively proven.</p><p>The mystery remains unsolved.</p><p>To begin with, the massive size the staggering volume and weight of the building blocks remain</p><p>problematic. With an estimated 2.3 million blocks with a weight of about 4 million tons, the pyramid is two-</p><p>thirds the mass of the Hoover Dam. The sheer size and the numbers of blocks that had to be quarried</p><p>and moved into place, presents numerous architectural, construction and engineering headaches.</p><p>These issues have been raised time and again, yet are still unsettled. It is time to move on and define the</p><p>even more difficult issues. We consider the core hard problems to be those that reflect precision</p><p>engineering and assembly line manufacturing accomplished on a massive scale. The primitive tools</p><p>scenario concocted by Egyptologists does not explain the following tasks:</p><p>1. Creating precision-cut casing blocks weighing 16 tons, fitted together and held by a super-glue mortar</p><p>that maintained a tight seal forming a nearly seamless shell.</p><p>2. Leveling the 13-acre limestone bedrock base to a degree of accuracy only recently achieved with laser</p><p>technology.</p><p>3. Squaring the base to True North with minimal deviation.</p><p>4. Excavating the Descending Passage 350 feet into solid bedrock at a 26 -degree angle while keeping</p><p>the tunnel arrow-straight for its length.</p><p>5. Bringing the massive 48-story pyramid together around complex internal structures, retaining the true</p><p>shape to enable the builders to form the apex. (These internal structures include four enigmatic ventilation</p><p>shafts and a coffer in the Kings Chamber that is too large to have been moved through the opening. It</p><p>shows evidence of having been cut with a jewel-tip saw.)</p><p>6. Extensive usage of different types of machined granite inside the Great Pyramid chambers.</p><p>The father of modern Egyptology,Sir Flinders Petrie, marveled at the precision and size of the casing</p><p>blocks. He carefully measure the blocks and found that the mean thickness of the joints are .020 and</p><p>therefore, the mean variation of the cutting of the stone from a straight line and from a true square, is but</p><p>.01 on length of 75 inches up the face, an amount of accuracy equal to most modern opticians straight -</p><p>edges of such a length.</p>;camp=1789&amp;creative=9325&amp;creativeASIN=B0084AWEY8&amp;linkCode=as2&amp;tag=wakitime09-20;camp=1789&amp;creative=9325&amp;creativeASIN=B0084AWEY8&amp;linkCode=as2&amp;tag=wakitime09-20;camp=1789&amp;creative=9325&amp;creativeASIN=B0084AWEY8&amp;linkCode=as2&amp;tag=wakitime09-20;camp=1789&amp;creative=9325&amp;creativeASIN=B0084AWEY8&amp;linkCode=as2&amp;tag=wakitime09-20</li><li><p>7/28/2019 Ancient Civilizations - Six Great Enigmas</p><p> 3/9</p><p>The modern international engineering firm of Daniel, Mann, Johnson &amp; Menendhall conducted a forensic</p><p>analysis of the Great Pyramid. Their findings are evaluated in an article published in Civil Engineering.</p><p>The pyramid was oriented with its major sides either north-south or east-west. This in itself was a</p><p>remarkable undertaking, given the accuracy to which it was done, because the Egyptians had to perform</p><p>the work using astronomical or solar observations the compass had not yet been invented. The</p><p>dimensions of the pyramid are extremely accurate and the site was levelled within a fraction of an inch</p><p>over the entire base. This is comparable to the accuracy possible with modern construction methods and</p><p>laser levelling.1</p><p>The summary speaks volumes between the lines. The problems with the Descending Passage are</p><p>numerous. For starters the tunnel is less than 4 x 4 feet, enough for no more than one excavator wielding</p><p>a hammer-stone at any given moment. How would our proposed digging crew negotiate the space in the</p><p>suffocating darkness once they had dug down 50 feet and more? In addition how would the 26-degree</p><p>angle be set and maintained without lights or levels? The lack of carbon deposits on walls and ceiling</p><p>indicate that torches were not used.</p><p>Once again, Petrie measured the passage and found an amazing accuracy of .020 of an inch over 150</p><p>feet and a mere .250 inch over 350 feet of its constructed and excavated length. We submit that this</p><p>passage with its smooth surfaces, squared shape, and accurate angle could not have been tunnelled with</p><p>primitive tools and methods.</p><p>The Great Pyramid remains the worlds greatest wonder and ancient enigma. We suggest researchers</p><p>should pay more attention to these details and ask about the materials used inside the Great Pyramid,</p><p>especially near the ventilation shafts. We now have two doors blocking a very important shaft, the one</p><p>that pointed to the star Sirius in 2450 BCE.</p><p>The Origin Of Dogs Biogenetic engineering</p><p>Now we turn to a mystery that nearly equals the pyramid, though it is a little known conundrum hidden in</p><p>the mists of remote antiquity. Let us start with a simple question that appears to have an obvious answer:</p><p>what is a dog? It turns out geneticists in the past decade have shown the answer is not so obvious. In</p><p>fact, generations of anthropologists, archaeologists and wildlife biologists turned out to be dead wrong</p><p>when it came to the origins of mans best friend.</p><p>Prior to DNA studies conducted in the 1990s, the generally accepted theory posited that dogs branched</p><p>off from a variety of wild canids, i.e., coyotes, hyenas, jackals, wolves and so on, about 15,000 years ago.</p><p>The results of the first comprehensive DNA study shocked the scholarly community. The study found that</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Ancient Civilizations - Six Great Enigmas</p><p> 4/9</p><p>all dog breeds can be traced back to wolves and not other canids. The second part of the finding was</p><p>even more unexpected the branching off occurred from 40-150,000 years ago.</p><p>Why do these findings pose a problem? We have to answer that question with another question: how</p><p>were dogs bred from wolves? This is not just difficult to explain, it is impossible. Do not be fooled by the</p><p>pseudo-explanations put forth by science writers that state our Stone Age ancestors befriended wolves</p><p>and somehow (the procedure is never articulated) managed to breed the first mutant wolf, the mother of</p><p>all dogs. Sorry, we like dogs too, but that is what a dog is.</p><p>The problems come at the crucial stage of taking a male and female wolf and getting them to produce a</p><p>subspecies (assuming you could tame and interact with them at all). Let us take this one step further by</p><p>returning to our original question, what is a dog? A dog is a mutated wolf that only has those</p><p>characteristics of the wild parent, which humans find companionable and useful. That is an amazing fact.</p><p>Think about those statements for a moment. If you are thinking that dogs evolved naturally from wolves,</p><p>that is not an option. No scientist believes that because the stringent wolf pecking order and breeding</p><p>rituals would never allow a mutant to survive, at least that is one strong argument against natural</p><p>evolution.</p><p>Now, if our Paleolithic ancestors could have pulled off this feat, and the actual challenges posed by the</p><p>process are far more taxing, then wolf/dog breeders today certainly should have no problem duplicating it.</p><p>But like the Great Pyramid, that does not seem to be the case. No breeders have stepped up to the plate</p><p>claiming they can take two pure wolves and produce a dog sans biogenetic engineering techniques.</p><p>The evolution of the domesticated dog from a wild pack animal appears to be a miracle! It should not</p><p>have happened. This is another unexplained enigma.</p><p>Mohenjo Daro Civil Engineering</p><p>Since indoor plumbing did not arrive in modern societies to any extent until the 20th century, and urban</p><p>planning has still not been adopted much to this date in history, what we find in the ancient city of</p><p>Mohenjo Daro is anomalous indeed.</p><p>This city in the Indus Valley was built on a grid system about 4,500 years ago, obviously planned out and</p><p>drawn up before the first brick was laid. It had houses, some with indoor plumbing, a granary, baths, an</p><p>assembly hall and towers all made out of standard size bricks. The streets were about eight to ten feet</p><p>wide on average, and were built with well-engineered drainage channels.</p><p>Mohenjo Daro was divided into two parts; the Citadel was on the upper level and included an elaborate</p><p>tank called the Great Bath that was made of fine quality brickwork and drains. The Great Bath was 40 feet</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Ancient Civilizations - Six Great Enigmas</p><p> 5/9</p><p>long and 8 feet deep, a huge public facility by any standards. A giant granary, a large residential building,</p><p>and several assembly halls were also on this upper level.</p><p>The Great Bath was made watertight by the use of two layers of brick, lime-cement and then finally</p><p>sealed with bitumen (tar). The bath included a shallow section for children.</p><p>We should wonder how an ancient culture of which nothing is known, not even their language, created</p><p>this sophisticated city at a point in time many thousands of years ahead of the curve? Civil engineers do</p><p>not crawl out of thatched-roof huts able to draw up plans for a complex urban environment. We need to</p><p>address the following question to archaeologists and historians:</p><p>1. Where are the cities that demonstrate the path of urban development, social and technical</p><p>organization, leading to Mohenjo Daro?</p><p>2. How do you explain the sudden emergence of a complex society when 99.99% of the rest of humanity</p><p>were living primitively?</p><p>These issues cannot be brushed aside with some arrogant pretence that the questions have already been</p><p>addressed and answered by digging up and labeling pottery shards and other artifacts. We have been</p><p>and are being overly indulgent with our soft sciences regarding their cavalier assertions about having all</p><p>the answers. In fact, they have very few, so why are they throwing stones at independent researchers</p><p>from behind glass towers?</p><p>Extraordinarily little is known about the Indus Valley civilization that once spanned nearly a thousand</p><p>miles with other cities matching the description of Mohenjo Daro.</p><p>We file this under our list of great enigmas and challenge orthodox scholars to prove differently as with</p><p>the first two of our mysteries.</p><p>We note that the Indus Valley civilization was contemporary with the Great Pyramid. It is often said this</p><p>was one of the first three civilizations, having a written script that has never been deciphered. Now we</p><p>turn next to the mother of all civilizations, Sumer.</p><p>Sumeria The Source Of Civilization</p><p>Are we missing something or are our historians looking at our earliest civilizations through a strange and</p><p>distorted lens? Like Egypt and the Indus Valley, the biblical Land of Shinar the birthplace of Abraham</p><p>was a brutally hot, largely barren, empty desert with a mighty river cutting a swath through it. Does this</p><p>sound like the magnet that would attract late Stone Age tribes to hunker down and pull wonders out of a</p><p>hat?</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Ancient Civilizations - Six Great Enigmas</p><p> 6/9</p><p>In fact, historians thought Shinar was a piece of biblica...</p></li></ul>