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    Ancient Civilizations: Six Great EnigmasApril 10, 2013

    Will Hart & Robert Berringer,New Dawn

    Waking Times

    We stand today at an unprecedented turning point in human history. In recent years two versions of

    ancient history have formed. One, we shall call alternative history, the other we shall refer to as official

    history. The former ponders over a variety of anomalies and tries to make sense out of the corpus of

    evidence, i.e., the pyramids and timelines, why they were built, by whom and when. The latter conducts

    digs, catalogues pottery shards, and tries to defend its proposal there are no enigmas, and virtually

    everything is explained.

    At one point perhaps as late as fifteen years ago these two camps seem to be engaged in an informal

    dialogue. That all changed after, 1) the Great Sphinx re-dating controversy caught Egyptologists off guard

    and, 2) the impact of Chris Dunns bookThe Giza Power Plant: Technologies of Ancient Egyptat the end

    of the last decade.

    There is no more dialogue and no more polite, gloves on debate. The proponents of official history have

    taken an increasingly political and ideological approach to the issue. They now do little more than offer

    pronouncements of the historical truth on the one hand, and denounce of all those who dare challenge

    officialdom on the other. In this context we offer evidence that our scholars, the gatekeepers who control

    our institutions of higher learning, refuse to consider.

    The Great Pyramid Precision Engineering

    This colossal structure, the last of the seven ancient wonders and the largest stone building in the world,

    still provokes awe, controversy and a plethora of theories that inspire bitter debate to this day. Instead of

    going over the well-established mysteries, we would like to shine new light on this important enigma that

    appears out of place in Stone Age Egypt.

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    The real challenge the Great Pyramid still poses to us in the opening decade of the Third Millennium is

    the physical plant itself. Theorists have gone on endlessly speculating about how it was built and the

    metaphysical, cultural and religious significance and/or symbolism behind its construction. Though

    several authors have offered tantalizing possibilities, none have been conclusively proven.

    The mystery remains unsolved.

    To begin with, the massive size the staggering volume and weight of the building blocks remain

    problematic. With an estimated 2.3 million blocks with a weight of about 4 million tons, the pyramid is two-

    thirds the mass of the Hoover Dam. The sheer size and the numbers of blocks that had to be quarried

    and moved into place, presents numerous architectural, construction and engineering headaches.

    These issues have been raised time and again, yet are still unsettled. It is time to move on and define the

    even more difficult issues. We consider the core hard problems to be those that reflect precision

    engineering and assembly line manufacturing accomplished on a massive scale. The primitive tools

    scenario concocted by Egyptologists does not explain the following tasks:

    1. Creating precision-cut casing blocks weighing 16 tons, fitted together and held by a super-glue mortar

    that maintained a tight seal forming a nearly seamless shell.

    2. Leveling the 13-acre limestone bedrock base to a degree of accuracy only recently achieved with laser

    technology.

    3. Squaring the base to True North with minimal deviation.

    4. Excavating the Descending Passage 350 feet into solid bedrock at a 26 -degree angle while keeping

    the tunnel arrow-straight for its length.

    5. Bringing the massive 48-story pyramid together around complex internal structures, retaining the true

    shape to enable the builders to form the apex. (These internal structures include four enigmatic ventilation

    shafts and a coffer in the Kings Chamber that is too large to have been moved through the opening. It

    shows evidence of having been cut with a jewel-tip saw.)

    6. Extensive usage of different types of machined granite inside the Great Pyramid chambers.

    The father of modern Egyptology,Sir Flinders Petrie, marveled at the precision and size of the casing

    blocks. He carefully measure the blocks and found that the mean thickness of the joints are .020 and

    therefore, the mean variation of the cutting of the stone from a straight line and from a true square, is but

    .01 on length of 75 inches up the face, an amount of accuracy equal to most modern opticians straight -

    edges of such a length.

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    The modern international engineering firm of Daniel, Mann, Johnson & Menendhall conducted a forensic

    analysis of the Great Pyramid. Their findings are evaluated in an article published in Civil Engineering.

    The pyramid was oriented with its major sides either north-south or east-west. This in itself was a

    remarkable undertaking, given the accuracy to which it was done, because the Egyptians had to perform

    the work using astronomical or solar observations the compass had not yet been invented. The

    dimensions of the pyramid are extremely accurate and the site was levelled within a fraction of an inch

    over the entire base. This is comparable to the accuracy possible with modern construction methods and

    laser levelling.1

    The summary speaks volumes between the lines. The problems with the Descending Passage are

    numerous. For starters the tunnel is less than 4 x 4 feet, enough for no more than one excavator wielding

    a hammer-stone at any given moment. How would our proposed digging crew negotiate the space in the

    suffocating darkness once they had dug down 50 feet and more? In addition how would the 26-degree

    angle be set and maintained without lights or levels? The lack of carbon deposits on walls and ceiling

    indicate that torches were not used.

    Once again, Petrie measured the passage and found an amazing accuracy of .020 of an inch over 150

    feet and a mere .250 inch over 350 feet of its constructed and excavated length. We submit that this

    passage with its smooth surfaces, squared shape, and accurate angle could not have been tunnelled with

    primitive tools and methods.

    The Great Pyramid remains the worlds greatest wonder and ancient enigma. We suggest researchers

    should pay more attention to these details and ask about the materials used inside the Great Pyramid,

    especially near the ventilation shafts. We now have two doors blocking a very important shaft, the one

    that pointed to the star Sirius in 2450 BCE.

    The Origin Of Dogs Biogenetic engineering

    Now we turn to a mystery that nearly equals the pyramid, though it is a little known conundrum hidden in

    the mists of remote antiquity. Let us start with a simple question that appears to have an obvious answer:

    what is a dog? It turns out geneticists in the past decade have shown the answer is not so obvious. In

    fact, generations of anthropologists, archaeologists and wildlife biologists turned out to be dead wrong

    when it came to the origins of mans best friend.

    Prior to DNA studies conducted in the 1990s, the generally accepted theory p