ancient rome

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  • 1. IntroductionAncient Rome is a civilization that lasted from 753 B.C ~ 476 A.D..It was located along the Mediterranean Sea and was extremelypowerful. The Romans left many great legacies through theirarchitecture and beliefs.

2. Structure of SocietyIn ancient Rome, society was divided into large families fromdifferent backgrounds. The Romans thought that all familiesshould work and live together, sharing the same jobs and wealth.Partricians (rich families) were the most powerful and they ownedland and many slaves. Equites (middle-rank) were rich, too. Theyran big business and owned buildings. On the other hand,Plebeiuins (ordinary people) sold things to make money. Slavesdid the hardest and dirtiest work. They belonged to their ownersand wore tags. They were treated just like dogs or horses.However, slaves could doctors or teachers and some of the bestteachers in Rome were slaves. (These slaves had often beencaptured from Greece). Slaves could be free if they had enoughmoney to pay, then their sons could become citizens. In anyfamily, the father had the most power in the family. He was theonly citizen. Roman citizens had to be born in Rome, have Romanparents (both born in Rome) , and be male adults . Roman soldierswere the best and strongest in Europe. Most of them wereplebians and they won most of the wars they fought. As you cansee, there were many different roles and levels of society inancient Roman. 3. Beliefs & ReligionRomans worshipped many gods and their godswere similar to the Greek gods. The mostimportant god was Jupiter, the king of the godsand Juno was the queen. Also, there was Mercurythe messanger god, Neptune the god of the sea,Diana the goddess of the moon and hunting,Minerva the goddess of war, Venus the goddess oflove, Mars the god of war and Dis(Pluto) the god ofthe underworld. All of the planets name have comefrom the ancient Roman gods. The Romans builtmany temples and each temple had statue of itsgod. People could also ask the gods to curse theirenemies and they made offerings to the gods everyday. However, not all the people worshipped theirgods. Some of them believed in Christianity. Thesepeople needed to meet secretly in the underground passages, named catacombs. They alsoused catacombs as burial places. After many years,Christianity spread more widely and many Romansstarted to let go of their earlier beliefs. This was abig change in society during the later part of theRoman Empire. 4. ArchitectureRomans built a lot of amazing architectureand lots of structures are still standingtoday. For example, Romans built theworlds first high rise apartments and justlike today, their cities were noisy and busyas many people went to work. WealthyRomans lived in beautiful, large and privatehouses. They usually built their housesaround airy courtyards. These weredecorated with lots of statues and they hadtheir own water so they didnt need to gooutside to get water. On the other hand,poor peoples houses were very different.They lived in cramped blocks of flats andtaverns on the ground floor. These houseswere badly built so they often burned down.Most public buildings were paid for by theemperor to show their wealth and power.For example, the Colosseum was built byEmperors Vespasian and Titus. TheColosseum was the huge amphitheaterwhere gladiators fought. About 50,000people could go inside the Colosseum andthere were many arches to let people exitquickly. As you can see, the Romans weregreat architects and many of their publicbuildings are still famous today. 5. LegaciesRomans left many great legacies that we still use in modern life. For example,the Romans built excellent roads. Roads made their journeys easier andfaster. So they built a network of roads that were strong. In fact, we still usesome of them today. They built roads in straight lines, taking the shortestroute between cities. The first road the Romans made was called Via Appia.They also used roads for war. Solders built thousands of kilometres of roads.In addition, the Romans built amazing aqueducts. They needed them totransport water around the city. They were very long so many people hadaccess to water. Roman buildings were important because a lot of laterarchitects followed the Romans designs. Their language Latin is also veryimportant in the modern world. European language like Italian, French,Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian are based in Latin (but English is not soclosely related). We still use thousands of Latin words today. Therefore, theRomans architecture and language has had a great influence on the modernworld. 6. ConclusionIn conclusion, the Romans worshipped many gods and there weremany levels in society. They were the most powerful empire formany years. The Romans left many legacies such as their buildingskills and structures that we see even today. 7. Reference ListAuthor Date TitleAnita Ganeri1999 The Ancient RomansAnita Ganeri1999Legacies from Ancient RomeMiles Kelly1993 100 things you should know about Ancient RomeFiona Macdonald 2004Who were the Romans?Date Accessed Website25/10/12