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android and its applications


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Android and it’s Applications….




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CONTENTS….1 What is Android?2 History3 Open Handset Alliance4 Features of android.5 Android running h/w & s/w development6 Versions of Android.7 Advantages & Disadvantages8 Conclusion9 Reference


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Android is a Linux-based operating system for mobile devices such as Smartphone and tablet computers, developed by Google in conjunction with the Open Handset Alliance. Android was initially developed by Android Inc., whom Google financially backed and later purchased in 2005. The unveiling of the Android distribution in 2007 was announced with the founding of the Open Handset Alliance…



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Android is open source application.

A number of manufacturers have their own versions of Android phones with different


Different web browsers such as mobile firefox, skyfire, opera mini, dolphin etc. can be installed on android phones.

These phones can be used for GPS tracking and navigation as well as for nifty applications.

Open handset Alliance…


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Handset layouts The platform is adaptable to larger, VGA, 2D graphics library, 3D

graphics library based on OpenGLES 2.0 specifications, and traditional Smartphone layouts.

Storage SQLite, a lightweight relational database, is used for data storage


Connectivity Android supports connectivity technologies

including GSM/EDGE, IDEN, CDMA, EV-DO, UMTS, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, LTE, NFC and WiMAX.

Messaging SMS and MMS are available forms of messaging, including

threaded text messaging and Android Cloud To Device Messaging (C2DM) and now enhanced version of C2DM, Android Google Cloud Messaging (GCM) is also a part of Android Push Messaging Service.


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Developments of ANDROID in hardwares and softwares…▪ The Android SDK provides you the API libraries and

developer tools necessary to build, test, and debug apps for Android.

▪ If you're a new Android developer, we recommend you download the ADT Bundle to quickly start developing apps. It includes the essential Android SDK components and a version of the Eclipse IDE with built-in ADT (Android Developer Tools) to streamline your Android app development.

▪ With a single download, the ADT Bundle includes everything you need to begin developing apps:

Eclipse + ADT plugin Android SDK Tools Android Platform-tools The latest Android platform The latest Android system image for the emulators.


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Versions of android…Each version after "Astro" and "Bender" is named in

alphabetical order after a dessert or sugary treat, with 1.5 "Cupcake" being the first and every update since following this naming convention.

1.0 Astro 1.1 Bender 1.5 Cupcake 1.6 Donut 2.0/2.1 Eclair 2.2 Froyo 2.3 Gingerbread 3.x Honeycomb 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich 4.1 Jelly Bean


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Android Beta First Version of Android. The focus of Android beta is testing incorporating usability. Android beta will generally have many more problems on speed and

performance. Android Astro 1.0 First full version of android. Released on September 23, 2008. Wi-Fi and Bluetooth support. Quite slow in operating. copy and paste feature in the web browser is

not present.SLIDE:9/20

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Android Cupcake 1.5 Released on April 30, 2009. Added auto-rotation option. Copy and Paste feature added in the web

browser. Increased speed and performance but not upto

required level.

Released on September 15, 2009. Voice search and Search box were added. Faster OS boot times and fast web browsing

experience. Typing is quite slower.

Android Donut 1.6

Android Éclair 2.0/2.1 Released on October 26, 2009. Bluetooth 2.1 support. Improved typing speed on virtual

keyboard, with smarter dictionary. no Adobe flash media support. SLIDE:10/20

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Android Froyo 2.2 Released on May 20, 2010. Support for Adobe Flash 10.1 Improved Application launcher with better browser No internet calling.

Android Gingerbread 2.3 Released on December 6, 2010. Updated User Interface with high efficiency and speed Internet calling One touch word selection and copy/paste. New keyboard for faster word input. More successful version of Android than previous

versions. not supports multi-core processors.

Android Honeycomb 3.0 Released on February 22, 2011. Support for multi-core processors Ability to encrypt all user data. This version of android is only available for

tablets. SLIDE:11/20

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Android IceCreamSandwich(ICS) 4.0 Released on November 14, 2011. Virtual button in the UI. A new typeface family for the UI, Roboto. Ability to shut down apps that are using data in the


Android JellyBean 4.1 Released on June 27, 2012. Latest version of Android. Smoother user interface.

ANDROID 4.4 KITKAT Google announced Android 4.4 KitKat, internally known as Project Svelte, on 3

September 2013. KitKat debuted on Google's Nexus 5, and has been optimised to run on a greater

range of devices, having 512 MB of RAM as a recommended minimum. 4.4.1 5th December 2013 4.4.2 9th December 2013


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kitkatJelly bean

View of the latest android mobile


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Advantages and disadvantages of Android…

Advantages:- Android is open, because it is linux based open source so it can be

developed by anyone. Easy access to the Android App Market: Android owners are people who

love to learn the phone, with Google's Android App Market you can download applications for free.

Populist Operating System: Android Phones, different from the iOS is limited to the iphone from Apple, then Android has many manufacturers, with their respective flagship gadget from HTC to Samsung.

USB full facilities. You can replace the battery, mass storage, DiskDrive, and USB tethering.

Easy in terms of notification: the operating system is able to inform you of a new SMS, Email, or even the latest articles from an RSS Reader.

Supports all Google services: Android operating system supports all of google services ranging from Gmail to Google reader. all google services can you have with one operating system, namely Android.

Install ROM modification: There are many custom ROM that you can use on Android phones, and the guarantee will not harm your device.


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Disadvantages:- Connected to the Internet: Android can be said is in need of

an active internet connection. At least there should be a GPRS internet connection in your area, so that the device is ready to go online to suit our needs.

Sometimes slow device company issued an official version of Android your own.

Android Market is less control of the manager, sometimes there are malware.

As direct service providers, users sometimes very difficult to connect with the Google.

Sometimes there are ads: because it is easy and free, sometimes often a lot of advertising. In appearance it does not interfere with the performance of the application itself, as it sometimes is in the top or bottom of the application.

Wasteful Batteries, This is because the OS is a lot of "process" in the background causing the battery quickly drains.


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Android is truly open, free development platform based on Linux and open source.

Handset makers can use & customize the platform without paying a royalty. Android is open to all: industry, developers and users

Participating in many of the successful open source projects

Aims to be as easy to build for as the web

Google Android is stepping into the next level of Mobile Internet


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