ap treaty of versailles

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  • 1. AP Treaty of VersaillesWilson was preparing for an idea of peace, prosperity and cooperationfor the entire world before the warwas even over. An new World Orderwith the US playing a very importantrolethe Worlds Moral Policeman. He spelled out his plan in a speechthat was called the Fourteen Points speech

2. Fourteen Points President Wilson wanted a fair peace policy.Wilsons plan for lasting peace: --end to secret agreements (alliances) --freedom of the seas --reduction of armaments --self determination for ethnic groupsyet noformula for how to implement it Very progressive-like 3. The most important part of his plan was apeacekeeping organization called A League ofNationsa new organization of nations thatwould mediate international disputes and actagainst aggressorshe hoped to create aworld of peaceful nations in which future warscould be avoided. 4. Midterm Elections 1918 The Republicans captured both houses ofcongressa signal that domestic issues weremore important that international issues. Republicans were also made because Wilsonwill take no Republicans to Europe with himto negotiate the treaty. Henry Cabot Lodge 5. Treaty of Versailles In January 1919, a peace conference began inParis to try to resolve the complicated issuesarising from WWI. All leaders of the countries involved werepresent except Germany. The Big Four-US, Britain, France and Italy Wilson treated like a Hero from the West 6. Who Died and made you King?? Everyone else at the peace talks thought thatWilsons plan was too easy on Germanytheywanted Germany to paidthey wanted toimpose a harsh treaty on Germany. Wilson made many concessions in order to getthe support of the other Allied leaders for thecreation of the League of Nations. 7. The US Senate Rejects the Treaty Wilson had hoped the League of Nationswould prevent future wars, but his opponentsin Congress argued that it would drag thecountry into unnecessary militarycommitments. He needed 2/3 of the Senate and rejected anycompromise. 8. Hit the Road Convinced that the American people were on hisside, he took his case to the road. Traveling over 8000 miles in 3 weeks, speaking upto 4 times a day, with little time to rest he had astroke in Pueblo Co. His wife took the reigns for over 18 months. Unable to fight for his beloved League ofNations, and unwilling to compromise after yearsof total control, he refused to sign the watereddown version of the Treaty. 9. In the end a harsh treaty was imposed onGermany which led to resentment, economicdifficulties and eventually WWII. 10. Why Did the Treaty not Pass? Wilsons stubbornness His morality Senator Cabot Lodges hatred toward Wilson American people unwilling to take a moresignificant role in the world A full commitment to the League would havesurrendered American freedom on a variety ofissuesbring the nation into conflicts that didnot represent our vital interest or potentiallyerode Congress right to declare war. 11. In the end, Americans became tired ofWilsons moralizing and disillusioned withworld affairs. The small gains made in WWIcame at a terrible cost. Once again Americansheeded Washingtons advice to avoidEuropean entanglements and returned toisolationism. We raised our tariffs and restricted ourEuropean immigration 12. WWI Results Dissolution of 4 empiresRussianEmpire, Ottoman Empire, German Empire andAustria-Hungary. 9 new countries were formed out of theseYugoslavia, Poland, and Czechoslovakia 13. Before and After 14. The Flu of 1918 http://youtu.be/-yH33-2K5bo