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SISTEM MUSKULO- SISTEM MUSKULO- SKELETAL SKELETAL 2. APPENDICULAR SKELETON 2. APPENDICULAR SKELETON KOD: MAAP 1113

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SISTEM MUSKULO-SISTEM MUSKULO-SKELETALSKELETAL

2. APPENDICULAR 2. APPENDICULAR SKELETONSKELETON

KOD: MAAP 1113

3. Pelvic Girdle

2. Upper Limb

1. Pectoral Girdle

4. Lower Limb

APPENDICULAR SKELETON

PECTORAL GIRDLE

• Scapula

• Clavicle

Clavicle

• Tulang panjang

• Bersambung pada manubrium (sternum) - sternal extremity - sendi sternoclavicular

• Bersambung pada skapula- acromial extremity

Superior

Inferior

Scapula

•Tulang leper-segi tiga

• Posisi- posterolateral ribs cage

Scapula

Anterior

Posterior

• Glenoid cavity- humerus

• Acromion process- clavicle

• Coracoid process-memberi perlekatan pada otot bahu

UPPER LIMB

• Humerus

• Radius

• Ulna

• Carpals

• Metacarpals

• Phalanges

HUMERUS• Head- glenoid cavity (scapula)

• Greater dan lesser tubercle- tempat perlekatan otot bahu.

• Intertubercular groove- lekuk diantara greater dan lesser tubercle

- Tempat perlekatan tendon otot biceps

• Distal-permukaan articulates- ulna dan radius

RADIUS & ULNA

• Tulang lengan

• Elbow joint – humerus

• Wrist joint – pergelangan tangan (carpal bones)

• Radioulnar joints- antara radius dan ulna

WRIST AND HAND

CARPAL

• 8 tulang carpal- 2 barisan

• Proximal –Scapoid -Lunate

-Triquetral -Pisiform

• Distal -Trapezium -Trapezoid -Capitate -Hamate

METACARPAL

• 5 tulang metacarpal (I-V)• Posisi- Proximal- carpal - Distal- phalanges

PHALANGES• 14 tulang phalanx• Ibu jari- 2 (proximal dan distal)• Jari lain- 3 (proximal, middle dan distal)

PELVIC GIRDLE

PELVIC GIRDLE

• Terdiri daripada: 2 innominate bones 1 sacrum• Acetabulum- hip joint- femur

PELVIC GIRDLE

Innominate bones

Ilium – tulang leper - sacroiliac joint

- Ischium- inferior dan posterior

- Pubis- anterior -symphysis

pubis

Brim of Pelvis

LOWER LIMB

FEMUR

•Terpanjang dan terkuat

•Head- hampir sfera - acetabulum

•Articular condyle- tempat percantuman tibia dan patella- knee joint

TIBIA

•Proximal- luas dan leper- 2 condyle (lateral dan medial) –tibiofibula joint –knee joint

•Distal-ankle joint-talus dan fibula

•Medial bone

FIBULA

•Lateral bone

•Proximal –head-lateral condyle tibia

•Distal- lateral malleous -tibia

PATELLA•Berbentuk segi tiga

•Knee joint

•Posterior- permukaan patella pada femur

•Anterior- patellar tendon

FOOT

TARSAL

•Terdiri daripada 7 tulang tarsal

METATARSAL

• Terdiri daripada 5 tulang metatarsal (I-V)

PHALANGES

• 14 tulang phalanx