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  • Archaeological Overview of Northeastern British Columbia: Year One Report

    Prepared for: The B.C. Ministry of Energy and Mines

    and Submitted to: The Oil and Gas Commission The Fort Nelson First Nation

    The Halfway First Nation The Prophet River Band

    The Blueberry River First Nations The Dene Tha'

    The West Moberly First Nations The Doig River First Nation

    The Acho Dene Koe The Saulteau First Nation

    The Treaty Eight Tribal Association Quentin Mackie

    and The Archaeology Branch

    RRR Millennia Research Limited

    March 31, 2001

    Archaeological Overview of Northeastern British Columbia

    Millennia Research Limited 2001 - Year One Report RRR

  • Credits

    Millennia Research Project Team: Authors Pete Dady

    Morley Eldridge D’Ann Owens Rob Vincent

    Project Director Morley Eldridge

    Project Manager D'Ann Owens

    Research, Site Checking, and Previous Survey Mapping Fraser Bonner

    Pete Dady Jennifer Lindberg Carol Anne McNeill D'Ann Owens Rob Vincent

    Trails Research and Mapping D'Ann Owens Carol Anne McNeill Pete Dady Jennifer Lindberg

    Timberline Project Team Director Steve Lipscomb

    GISTechnicians Leah McMillin JoanneWhite

    Big Pine Heritage Project Team Director Rémi Farvacque

    Previous Survey Mapping Sean Moffatt Nicole Nicholls

    iiArchaeological Overview of Northeastern British Columbia

    Millennia Research Limited 2001 - Year One Report RRR

  • Dave Hutchcroft gave us access to Acknowledgements uncatalogued reports currently being A project as comprehensive and as long- reviewed.term as the NE Archaeological Overview

    Doug Glaum is also directing the Assessment (AOA) requires input from a Archaeology Site Awareness Project, which variety of sources and individuals. The has provided corrected site location data for Millennia Research NE AOA Project Team portions of the study area. Thanks to Mark gratefully acknowledges the assistance of the Stone and Margaret Rogers for organising the following individuals: transfer of data. Brian Braidwood, Ministry of Energy and

    Romi Casper at the Cultural Resource Mines, has facilitated contract administration Centre of the Ministry of Small Business, and is the main contact for the project steering Tourism, and Culture was tirelessly patient committee. and helpful during the process of locating and Steve Lipscomb, Leah McMillin, and tracking the many reports accessed during this Joanne White, at Timberline Forest Inventory study.Consultants, our GIS sub-contractors for the

    Data coverages were provided by a number project. In particular we recognise the effort of individuals. Mark Rousseau, Land of Leah McMillin, whom we have barraged Information Management Officer, Fort Nelson with data requests and who has responded Forest District and Steve Warrington, Land admirably. Information Management Officer, Fort St. Tom Ouellette, director of Aboriginal John Forest District provided digital forest Relations and Land Use, Bruce Dahlstrom, cover and development plan data. Lindsay Oliver, and Mike Wood at the Oil and

    Keary Walde and Karl Hutchings of Gas Commission (OGC) offices in Fort St. Heritage North Consulting Ltd. and Beth John for supplying archaeological and well- Hyrchuck of Landsong Heritage Consulting site locational data not available through other provided useful comments and feedback in sources and sharing office space with us regards to the project. Their time in meeting during our research time in Fort St. John. with us is appreciated.While in Fort St. John we also relied on the

    Chris Bezant of the Halfway River First study area knowledge and technical GIS Nation provided valuable guidance on permit support of Rémi Farvacque, Joel Kinzie, Jeff application methodology. Chief Roland Anderson, Ken Schwab, Nicole Nicholls, and Willson, Warren Desjarlais, Eugene Stanyer Sean Moffatt at subcontractors Big Pine (West Moberly); Tasha Lelond (Saulteau); Heritage Consulting and Research Ltd. Ken Barth (Fort Nelson); and Bernice Lily Special thanks to Nicole and Sean for helping (Halfway River) are all thanked for their time with the previous survey mapping, it was in meeting with us, and providing input on the much appreciated. project. We have also spoken with Dolly Several Project Officers at the Archaeology Apsassin (Doig River), Orest Curninski Branch assisted with data acquisition. Ian (Prophet River), Baptiste Metchooyeah (Dene Whitbread, Inventory and Mapping, provided Tha’) and Brian Southwell (Blueberry River) site information from the Provincial Heritage have been our contacts for this project and Registry Database, the main archaeology site have provided feedback, and while we have database for the province. Al Mackie gave us yet to meet them, we look forward to doing access to the permit log databases. Dave so.Suttill provided access to trail information.

    The staff at the BC Archives are thanked Doug Glaum provided general project for their help in locating trails information guidance and supervision and reviewed the within the study area. permit application for Year One fieldwork.

    Jim Pike, Jane Warner, Steven Acheson, and

    iiiArchaeological Overview of Northeastern British Columbia

    Millennia Research Limited 2001 - Year One Report RRR

  • Table of Contents

    Credits..................................................................................................................................ii Acknowledgements ............................................................................................................iii List of Figures ......................................................................................................................v List of Tables........................................................................................................................v Introduction..........................................................................................................................1 Project Review Committee ..............................................................................................1 Scope and Objectives...........................................................................................................1 Study Area ...........................................................................................................................1 Original Study Area .........................................................................................................2 Revised Study Area..........................................................................................................2 Approach..............................................................................................................................3 General Approach ............................................................................................................3 Consultation with Other Consultants ...............................................................................3 Model Development.........................................................................................................3 Discussion with First Nations ..........................................................................................5 Methodology ........................................................................................................................6 Archival and Documentary Research ..............................................................................6 Site Data Acquisition .......................................................................................................6 Site Location Checking and Site Polygonal Mapping .....................................................7 Survey Coverage Data Acquisition..................................................................................8 Survey Coverage Mapping ..............................................................................................9 Trails Research and Mapping ........................................................................................10 Results ................................................................................................................................11 Report Review, Bibliography.........................................................................................11 Surveyed Well Sites .......................................................................................................11 Increase in Archaeological Site Inventory.....................................................................12 Additions to Well Sites, Pipelines..................................................................................12 Forest Cutblock Survey..................................................................................................14 Site Location Corrections ..............................................................................................14 Results of Trails Research..............................................................................................18 Requests to Other Consultants Regarding Recording and Reporting Standards ...............18 References..........................................................................................................................19 Appendix 1: Trails Data.....................................................................................................20 Appendix 2: Sources for Trails Data..................................................................................23 Appendix 3: Bibliography of Reports Reviewed for Previous Survey............