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ARCH- 4523 Architectural ConservationConservation BasicsJoarder Hafiz Ullah Assistant ProfessorDept. of Architecture, DUET, Gazipur.
ARCH-4523 : Architectural Conservation2 Credits | 2 Hours/Week
Part-A: Architectural & Urban Conservation; Its meaning, principles and scope; History and issues of conservation; Preservation, restoration, renovation, reconstruction, adaptation, reuse, redevelopment, renewal etc at building and urban scale. Valuation and diagnosis.
Part-B: Conservation laws and practices, issues and context. Conservation policy, ethics, regulations, technology and finance. Local and International case study and good practices.
CONSERVATION is all the processes of looking after a place so as to retain its cultural significance.
It includes maintenance and according to circumstances may include preservation, restoration, reconstruction and adaption and will be commonly a combination of more than one of these.
Source: Australia ICOMOS. The Burra Charter: The Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance. Burwood: Australia International Council of Monuments and Sites. 1999.
PreservationMaintenanceRestorationAdaptationReconstructionMethods of building conservation
Conservation is the action which embraces all acts that prolong the life of cultural and natural heritage
Man Made Heritage:Archaeological (Sub structure)Architectural ( Super structure)Movables ( Painting, sculpture etc.)
Heritage:Tangible HeritageHistoric Precincts of Cities: Culturally significant modern buildings and towns
Intangible HeritageExtant culture of traditional buildings, skills and knowledgeRites and RitualSocial life and Life style of the inhabitants
Why ?For the protection of unprotected living heritage: conserving the traditional buildings and ways of building.For the survival of country's sense of place, its identity and its very character in a globalizing environment. Not to conserve the past but also define the futureValues in Conservation:Conservation must preserve and if possible enhance the messages and values of cultural property.
Values help to systematically identify conservation:To set overall priorities in deciding proposed interventions.To establish the extent and nature of the individual treatment.Values assigned to cultural properties come under three major categories:Emotional Value Cultural ValueUse Value
Values in Conservation
Emotional Values:WonderIdentityContinuitySpiritual and symbolic
Cultural Values:DocumentaryHistoricArchaeological, Age and ScarcityAesthetic and symbolicArchitecturalTownscape, landscape and EcologicalTechnological and Scientific
Use Values:FunctionalEconomicalSocialPolitical and Ethnic
Background of Architectural Conservation:
Conservation activity is nearly as old as the building activity themselves and have existed as long as cities have existed.In Europe conservation dates from 16th century when the humanists back to Greek and Roman legacies for inspiration and detection.In Europe conservation was institutionalized by the enactment of Ancient Monument Act 1882Preservation of particular buildings began in 1932The concept and practice of preservation and conservation started in 1967. The unprecedented and indiscriminant destruction and world wars intensified the movement of conservation.UNESCO has been instrumental in propagating the notion of the universal responsibility for conservation with the establishment of World Heritage Council in 1972-73
Tools for Conservation:
Today There are several international organizations viz. ICCROM and ICOMOS dedicated to the cause of conservation.ICOMOS (International Council on Monument and Sites) has pioneered the way since Athens Charter 1931.
Charters: The Athens Charter 1931International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration ofMonuments and Sites (Venice Charter 1964) Historic Gardens (Florence Charter 1981) Charter for the Conservation of Historic Towns and Urban Areas (Washington Charter 1987)Charter for the Protection and Management of the ArchaeologicalHeritage ( Lausanne Chartter 1990 )Charter on the Protection and Management of Underwater Cultural Heritage (1996)International Cultural Tourism Charter (1999)Charter on the Built Vernacular Heritage (1999)Principles for the Preservation of Historic Timber Structures (1999)Etc.
(ICOMOS) International Council on Monuments and Sites is a professional association that works for the conservation and protection of cultural heritage places around the world. Now headquartered in Paris, ICOMOS was founded in 1965 inWarsawas a result of theVenice Charterof 1964, and offers advice to UNESCOonWorld Heritage Sites.From the emergence of the concept of World Heritage to the creation of ICOMOS
History:The Athens Conference (1931) on restoration of historic buildings was organised by the International Museums Office, and the Athens Charter, drafted by Le Corbusier at the fourth Assembly of the International congresses on Modern Architecture (1933) was published anonymously in Paris in 1941 both represent a major step in the evolution of ideas because they reflect a growing consciousness among specialists all over the world, and introduced for the first time in history the concept of international heritage.
WhatICOMOS works for the conservation and protection of cultural heritage places. It is the only global non-government organisation of this kind, which is dedicated to promoting the application of theory, methodology, and scientific techniques to the conservation of the architectural and archaeological heritage. Its work is based on the principles enshrined in the 1964 International Charter on the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites (the Venice Charter).
WhoICOMOS is a network of experts that benefits from the interdisciplinary exchange of its members, among which are architects, historians, archaeologists, art historians, geographers, anthropologists, engineers and town planners.
WhyThe members of ICOMOS contribute to improving the preservation of heritage, the standards and the techniques for each type of cultural heritage property : buildings, historic cities, cultural landscapes and archaeological sites.
www.iccrom.orgICCROM's mission is fulfilled through five areas of activity: training, information, research, cooperation and advocacy.
Motto: conserving culture, promoting diversityTheInternational Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property(ICCROM) is an intergovernmental organizationdedicated to the preservation of cultural heritage worldwide through training, information, research, cooperation and advocacy programmes. It aims to enhance the field ofconservation-restorationand raise awareness to the importance and fragility of cultural heritage.
The creation of the Centre took place as a result of a proposal at theUNESCOGeneral Conference held inNew Delhi, in 1956. Three years later, the Centre was established inRome,Italy, where its headquarters remain to this day.From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://icomosbd.org/ICOMOS BAGLADESH re-established in 2014