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  • 8/2/2019 Arizona Drivers Handbook | Arizona Drivers Manual


    ArizonaDriver License Manual and Customer Service Guide

    Motor Vehicle Division
  • 8/2/2019 Arizona Drivers Handbook | Arizona Drivers Manual



    Janice K. Brewer, Governor of Arizona

    John S. Halikowski, ADOT Director

    Stacey K. Stanton,Division Director

    Motor Vehicle Division


    We at Arizonas Motor Vehicle Division (MVD) are pleased to provide this comprehensive guide to

    vehicle tle and registraon processes, driver licensing and basic motoring laws for our state.

    Each driver and vehicle owner, whether relocang to Arizona, or a lifeme resident, interacts with

    MVD. Our goal is to provide a high standard of customer service for those whose transacon

    requires a visit to an office, as well as integrang the latest technology to offer convenient, rouneservices via Internet and telephone. In addion, MVD has partnered with others to provide addi-

    onal locaons to transact essenal MVD business.

    This guide provides a basic driver license manual for those who are new drivers, as well as a

    customer service guide that answers most quesons that even long-me residents may have.

    MVD provides services for millions of Arizona motorists each year and the numbers are growing!

    To keep pace with that growth, and to ensure fast, efficient service, we were the first state in the

    naon to provide electronic opons for MVD services. Each year we connue to enhance thoseservices.

    We look forward to providing you with outstanding customer service, whether you visit an MVD

    office, an MVD Authorized Third Party, or contact us by telephone or on the Internet.


    Stacey K. Stanton


    Motor Vehicle Division

    | Phoenix, AZ 85007 | azdot.gov1801 W. Jefferson St.

  • 8/2/2019 Arizona Drivers Handbook | Arizona Drivers Manual


    Arizona Driver License Manual and Customer Service Guide


    About This Manual

    This manual is designed to help you obtaina driver license or an instruction permitby explaining the Arizona motor vehiclelaws without using technical language.

    Details of the Motor Vehicle laws can befound under Transportation Title 28 of theArizona Revised Statutes at

    Changes may have been made tothe information contained in thispublication since it was last revised.Please check our website for

    If you are applying for a motorcyclelicense, you will need to study theMotorcycle Operator Manual in additionto this manual. If you are applying fora Commercial Driver License, pleaserefer to the Commercial Driver LicenseManual. All manuals are available online, or at any Motor VehicleDivision office.

    Questions or Comments?

    Phoenix 602.255.0072

    Tucson 520.629.9808

    elsewhere in Arizona


    TDD Hearing/Speech Impaired Service


    Note - These TDD phone numbers will onlywork for hearing impaired customers usinga TDD system.


    You are required by law to notify MVDwithin 10 days of any change to your nameor address (see page 7).

    Table of Contents

    Office Locations and Hours ...........................4

    Fees at MVD Offices .........................................6

    Arizonas Driver License ..................................8

    Applying for a Title and Registration .......15

    Driver License Manual

    Section 1:

    Before You Drive ..............................................19

    Section 2:

    Safe Driving Practices ....................................21

    Section 3:

    Roadway and Vehicle Knowledge.............29

    Section 4:

    Sharing the Road with Other Vehicles .....41

    Section 5:

    Actively Avoiding Crashes............................43

    Section 6:

    Handling Emergencies ..................................52

    Test Review Questions ..................................56

    All Contents 2013 Arizona Department of Transportaon Revised November, 2013
  • 8/2/2019 Arizona Drivers Handbook | Arizona Drivers Manual



    Motor Vehicle Division


    Apache Juncon 575 N Idaho Rd., Ste 600, Apache Juncon 85219 M-F 8-5Avondale 1452 N Eliseo C Felix Jr Way, Avondale 85323 M-F 8-5

    Buckeye (TR only) 100 N Apache Rd. #8, Buckeye 85326 M-Th 8-5

    Bullhead City (M) 1325 Alonas Way, Bullhead City 86442 M-F 8-5

    Casa Grande (M) 240 W Coonwood Ln., Casa Grande 85222 M-F 8-5

    Chandler 50 S Beck Ave, Chandler 85244 M-F 8-5

    Chinle ** Hwy 191, Apache Complex, Chinle 86503 M-F 8-5

    Clion 3-Way Juncon Hwy 78/75, Clion 85533 T-Th 9-4 (11-12:30)

    Colorado City ** 45 S Central St., Colorado City 86021 M-F 9-4 (12-12:30)

    Coolidge 672 N Arizona Blvd., Coolidge 85228 M-F 8-5

    Coonwood (M) 525 S 12th St., Coonwood 86326 M-F 8-5

    Douglas (M) 2050 N Hwy 191, Douglas 85607 M-F 8-5Flagsta (M) 1851 S Milton Rd., Flagsta 86001 M-F 8-5

    Glendale (M) 16380 N 59th Ave., Glendale 85306 M-F 8-5

    Globe (M) 4335 Hwy. 60, Claypool 85532 M-F 8-5

    Green Valley) 601 N La Canada Dr., Green Valley 85614 M-F 8-5

    Holbrook 2108 E Navajo Blvd., Holbrook 86025 M-F 8-5 (12-1)

    Kingman (M) 3670 E Andy Devine, Kingman 86401 M-F 8-5

    Lake Havasu City (M) 2081 Spawr Circle, Lake Havasu City 86403 M-F 8-5

    Lileeld ** Hwy 91, Beaver Dam 700 N Bldg. C 86432 M-W 8-5, Th 8-3 (12-1:30)

    Mesa (M) 1840 S Mesa Dr., Mesa 85210 M-F 8-5

    Mesa Southeast (M) 4123 E Valley Auto Dr., Mesa 85206 M-F 8-5

    Nogales 3030 N Grand Ave., Nogales 85621 M-F 8-5

    Page (M) US89, Mile Post 551, Page 86040 M-F 8-5

    Parker 29305 Mutahar St., Parker 85344 M-F 8-5

    Payson) 122 E Hwy. 260, Payson 85541 M-F 8-5

    Phoenix-Northwest 20626 N 26th Ave., Phoenix 85027 M-F 8-5

    Phoenix-South Mountain 221 E Olympic Dr., Phoenix 85040 M-F 8-5

    Phoenix-West 4005 N 51st Ave., Phoenix 85031 M-F 8-5

    Presco (M) 1105 Commerce Dr., Presco 86305 M-F 8-5

    Saord (M) 310 Main St., Saord 85546 M-F 8-5

    San Manuel) 190 N Redington Rd., San Manuel 85631 M-F 8-4:30

    Scosdale 7339 E Paradise Ln., Scosdale 85260 M-F 8-5

    Show Low (M) 200 W McNeil, #10, Show Low 85901 M-F 8-5

    Sierra Vista (M) 5224 E Charleston Rd., Sierra Vista 85635 M-F 8-5

    St Johns ** 395 S Washington, St Johns 85936 T-W 9-5 (12:00-1:00)Surprise 13009 W Bell Rd., Surprise 85374 M-F 8-5

    Teec Nos Pos (DL only) US 160, MP 465.2, Teec Nos Pos 86514 M-F 8-5

    Tempe 1703 E Larkspur Ln., Tempe 85281 M-F 8-5

    Tuba City ** 25 E Edgewater Dr., Tuba City, AZ 86045 M-F 8-4:30 (12:30-1:30)*

    Tucson (M) 3565 S Broadmont Dr., Tucson 85713 M-F 8-5

    Tucson-East 1360 S Stocker Dr., Tucson 85710 M-F 8-5

    Tucson-North 7330 N Shannon Rd., Tucson 85741 M-F 8-5

    Wickenburg 472 E Wickenburg Way, Ste 304 85390 M-F 8-5Window Rock Hwy 264, Mile Post 476, Window Rock 86515 M-F 8-5*

    Winslow (M) 200 N ADOT Ln., Winslow 86047 M-F 8-5 (12-1)

    Yuma (M) 2165 E Gila Ridge Rd., Yuma 85365 M-F 8-5

    * Daylight Saving Time

    ** Credit Cards not accepted

    (D) - Driver License

    (T) - Title and Registration

    (M) - Motorcycle Skills Testing

    All offices perform both driver license and title andregistration services unless otherwise noted.

    MVD offices provide information only to customersarriving 30 minutes prior to closing.

    Office Locations and HoursInformation concerning MVD office locations and hours may change. Some MVD offices are closed

    from 11 a.m. - 1 p.m. for lunch. Please see for current information.

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    Arizona Driver License Manual and Customer Service Guide


    Third Party OfficesThird party offices are authorized and monitored by MVD to perform limited motor vehicleservices. Many have extended hours, at convenient locations. In addition to appropriateMVD fees, a convenience fee will be collected by the third party for most transactions.

    For a list of MVD third party offices, visit

    Commercial Driver License OfficesThe following MVD offices are authorized to conduct commercial driver license activities only during the

    hours indicated. Note: information only after 4:30pm; written and road testing is 8am to 3pm.

    OFFICE ADDRESS PHONE HOURSCasa Grande 240 W Coonwood Ln. 520-628-5857 W 8-5

    Flagsta 1851 S Milton Rd. 928-779-7513 W-Th 8-5

    Goodyear* 14370 W Van Buren St. 602-771-2955 M-F 8-5

    Holbrook 2108 E Navajo Blvd. 928-524-5586 Tu and Th 8-5

    Kingman 3670 E Andy Devine Ave. (Hwy. 66) 928-681-6398 W-Th 8-5

    Mesa Southeast* 4123 E Valley Auto Dr. 480-632-8747 M-F 8-5

    Presco 1105 Commerce Dr. 928-777-5978 Tu-W 8-5

    Show Low 200 W McNeil, Ste 10 928-532-5566 M and W 8-5

    Sierra Vista 5224 E Charleston Rd. 520-628-5857 Tu 8-5

    Tucson* 621 E 22nd St. 520-628-5857 M-F 7-5

    Yuma 2165 E Gila Ridge Rd. 520-628-5857 M-F 8-5

    The following offices require an appointment for a CDL Road Test. Written tests M-F 7 a.m. - 3 p.m. on walk-in basis.

    OFFICE ADDRESS PHONE HOURSGoodyear 14370 W Van Buren St. 602-771-2955 M-F 8-5

    Mesa Southeast 4123 E Valley Auto Dr. 480-632-8747 M-F 8-5

    Tucson 621 E 22nd St. 520-628-5857 M-F 7-5
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    Motor Vehicle Division

    Fees at MVD OfficesOperator or Motorcycle License

    Ages 16-39...........................................$25Ages 40-44 ..........................................$2045-49....................................................$15

    50 & over and 5-year ..........................$10Limited License ...................................$10Instruction Permit ................................$7Motorcycle Endorsement ...................$7Restricted Instruction Permit .............$3Duplicate License or ID Card .............$12Duplicate Instruction Permit ..............$2Out-of-State Driver License Skill Test $15Out-of-State Vision Screening ............$5

    Identification Card (ID)

    Ages 0-64 ...........................................$1265 & over ........................................No fee

    Commercial Driver License

    For commercial driver license fees, pleaserefer to the Commercial Driver LicenseManual or contact one of the CDL officeson page 1.

    Motor Vehicle Record

    Uncertified 39-month ..........................$3Certified 5-year ....................................$5Abandoned Vehicle Fee .................. $500Abandoned Vehicle Fee(on federal land) .............................. $600Returned Check Fee ...........................$25

    If your license is revoked, suspended orcanceled, you may be required to payanother application fee, in addition to areinstatement fee.

    Vehicle Registration Fees

    See Applying for a Title and Registration,page 15. In addition to cash, most fees maybe paid by credit card, cashiers check or

    money order.Credit cards are accepted at most offices.

    Personal checks are not accepted forreinstatement and returned check fees.


    ServiceArizona is MVDs electronic servicedelivery system. See Partnership Programsfor more information on page 17.

    Online Services Available

    Vehicle Registration Renewal

    Address/Email Change

    30-Day General Use Permit

    Driver License Reinstatement

    Duplicate Vehicle Registration

    Fleet Registration Renewal

    Personalized/Specialty Plates Restricted Use 3-Day Permit

    Vehicle Sold Notice

    View Plate Credit

    Plate Refund

    Voter Registration

    Tab Replacement

    De-insured Certificate

    Organ Donor Registration

    Motor Vehicle Record - Title andRegistration or Driver Record

    Vehicle Fee Recap

    Insurance Verification

    Off Highway Vehicle Decal

    Motor Vehicle Lien Inquiry

    Tips for Faster Service

    Depending on your transaction: The best days to visit are usuallyWednesday and Thursday.

    Avoid the first 2 days and the last 2days of the month and the day after aholiday.

    Bring your out-of-state driver licenseit will be used as a secondary form ofidentification.

    Bring acceptable proof ofidentification.

    Vehicles new to Arizona may requirean MVD inspection.

    Bring your out-of-state title,registration and license plates.

    Have your vehicle identificationnumber (VIN) handy.

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    Arizona Driver License Manual and Customer Service Guide


    In addition to cash, most fees may bepaid by credit card, cashiers checkor money order. Credit cards areaccepted at most offices.

    Please make your cashiers checkor money order payable to: MotorVehicle Division.

    Name and Address Changes

    You are required by law to notify MVDwithin 10-days of any change to youraddress. If your current address is not onfile, you may not receive renewal noticesor other correspondence concerning your

    driver license or vehicle records. You may becited by law enforcement if you don't changeyour address within the 10-day period.

    MVDs computer system links all of yourMVD records together. When you submita change of address, we will update yourdriver license or identification card recordand each vehicle record for which you arelisted as the first registered owner.

    You may report a change of address onlineat or by telephone (seepage 4 for phone numbers). For an addresschange, provide your full name, old addresswith zip code, and new address with zipcode, plus your driver license number,date of birth and your plate or vehicleidentification number (VIN). If you wish toshow your new address on your license, you

    may apply for a duplicate license.You are required by law to notify MVDwithin 10-days of a change to your name.You may not do this by telephone. You maynotify MVD by writing to Motor VehicleDivision, P.O. Box 2100, Mail Drop 538M,Phoenix, AZ 85001, or you may go to anyMVD or authorized third party office.You will need to present appropriate

    identification in both your new andprevious names. If you wish to show yournew name on your license, you may applyfor a duplicate license. If your vehicle titlehas a lien, written permission must beobtained from the lienholder to recordyour new name on the vehicle documents.Additional documentation may berequired. All names must be verifiable with

    Social Security Administration records.

    Military Personnel Information

    Military personnel based in Arizona whoqualify for exemption under the Soldiersand Sailors Relief Act are not consideredArizona residents.

    Upon discharge, military personnel maywork in Arizona for up to 90 days withoutobtaining an Arizona driver license if all ofthe following are met:

    Principal residence is in another stateor country.

    Has a valid driver license issued byanother state or country.

    Operates a vehicle requiring a Class Ddriver license.

    Is an employee, agent or consultantof an organization that operates inArizona and at least one other state orcountry.

    Check our website or call for information ona 5-year driver license and vehicle servicesavailable to military personnel.

    CDL Skills Test WaiverEligible military personnel or veterans mayhave the Commercial Driver License (CDL)skills test waived when applying for a CDL.

    The applicant must meet the following twoconditions:

    Is either on active duty or separatedwithin the last 90 days under

    honorable conditions. Certify that he or she has operated

    a commercial motor vechicle (CMV)or equivalent for at least two yearsimmediately precending discharge orapplying for the waiver.
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    Motor Vehicle Division

    Veteran Designation

    A Veteran Designation on an Arizona driverlicense, instruction permit or identificationcard is available to U.S. military veterans oractive duty service members. The word

    VETERAN will be printed on the front ofthe license/permit/ID in blue lettering.

    A new application and photo are requiredand standard transaction fees apply.

    Veteran Designation Documentation

    (one of the following documents must bepresented at the time of application)

    Original or copy of DD Form 214 orDD Form 215, DD Form 2 (Retired), DDForm 2 (Reserve)

    Original Statement of HonorableService from the Department ofVeterans Affairs or Arizona Departmentof Veterans Services

    Certificate of Honorable Discharge American Legion card

    Disabled American Veteran card Military Officers of America card Department of Veterans Affairs ID card Veterans of Foreign Wars card Military Order of the Purple Heart Vietnam Veterans of America card Active Duty Military ID card Inactive Duty Military ID card

    Motor Vehicle Records

    You may obtain your driving or motorvehicle record online at ServiceArizona.comor by completing a Motor Vehicle RecordRequest form #46-4416 at by visiting any MVD or Authorized ThirdParty office. You will be required to showidentification.

    Arizonas Driver License

    Arizona Revised Statutes, section2803153(D) provide that the Motor VehicleDivision (MVD) must not issue or renew adriver license or identification (ID) card

    for a person who does not submit proofsatisfactory to MVD that the applicantspresence in the United States is authorizedunder federal law. MVD is required todetermine that each applicant meets therequirements of the law. Identificationrequirements may change without notice.

    Arizona issues an extended driver licensethat does not expire until age 65. However,your photo and vision screening will need

    to be updated every 12 years. Drivers age60 and over will receive a 5-year license.Temporary residents such as out-of-statestudents and their spouses, or militarypersonnel and their immediate familymembers may apply for a 5-year licenseregardless of age.

    The information of foreign applicants willbe processed in accordance with Arizona

    authorized presence requirements.

    Applying for a Driver License

    If you are new to the state, you will be requiredto show your out-of-state driver license whenyou apply for an Arizona license.

    Road Test

    If a road test is required, you may drive a test

    route that has a variety of traffic situations.An examiner will ride with you in your vehicleand give you directions to follow. You will beobserved and graded on specific actions andon your general ability to safely operate thevehicle.

    Road tests may be suspended due toextreme weather or safety conditions. Payingone application fee allows you 3 attempts topass the test in a 12-month period. You mayretest as soon as the next business day.

    You must provide the vehicle to be usedfor the test. The vehicle must be in goodoperating condition, and must have currentregistration, plate and tab. If your vehicle isa 1972 model or newer, it must be equippedwith seat belts, and these belts must be
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    Arizona Driver License Manual and Customer Service Guide


    properly fastened and adjusted. You musthave current automobile liability insurance.

    Before you can take the road test youwill have to show that you understandthe meaning of Arizona traffic signs. Youwill also have to respond to the followingdirections in English:

    Stop Slow down Left and right lane change Drive straight ahead Turn (left/right) at next street, corner,

    stop sign, or traffic light Honk your horn Speedometer

    Seat Belt Turn Signal

    National Driver Register

    Arizona is a member of the National DriverRegister, a nationwide computer systemproviding information about problemdrivers. When you apply for an Arizonadriver license, the information from your

    application is checked against this system.If you have outstanding or unresolvedactions in any other state, an Arizonalicense will not be issued. If you providefalse information, your Arizona driverlicense will be canceled.

    Features of the License

    Digital photo technology provides for

    instant retrieval. Security features designed to reducefraud.

    Credential type, e.g., CommercialDriver License, Instruction Permit,is printed directly underneath the"Arizona" logo.

    "Under 21" Driver License: Vertical format for driver license,

    instruction permit and ID cards;

    Licensee "Under 21" indicated nextto photo;

    Credential displays date whenlicensee reaches age 21.

    Resident DefinitionState law requires that you obtain anArizona driver license and registrationimmediately if any one of the followingapplies. If you:

    Work in Arizona (other than forseasonal agricultural work).

    Place children in school without

    paying the tuition rate of a non-resident.

    Have a business with an office inArizona, that bases and operatesvehicles in this state.

    Obtain a state license or pay schooltuition fees at the same rate as anArizona resident.

    Have a business that operates vehicles

    to transport goods or passengerswithin Arizona.

    Remain in Arizona for a total of 7months or more during any calendaryear, regardless of your permanentresidence.

    Are registered to vote in this state.

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    Motor Vehicle Division

    An out-of-state student enrolled with 7or more semester hours is not considereda resident, even if employed.

    Voter Registration

    You may submit a voter registration form

    at the same time you apply for a driverlicense or ID card by completing the voterregistration portion of the driver license/IDcard application.

    You are not required to register to vote inorder to obtain a license. If you declineto register to vote, the fact that you havedeclined will remain confidential. If you doregister to vote, the application will remainconfidential and will be used only forregistration purposes. Submitting a falsevoter registration is a Class 6 felony.

    To register, you must be all of the following:

    18 years of age or older, on or beforethe next General Election.

    A United States citizen.

    A resident of Arizona.

    Have not been convicted of a felony,unless your civil rights have beenrestored.

    Have not been adjudicatedincompetent.

    If your Driver License/Identification (ID)Card application is rejected, you mayregister to vote online at ServiceArizona.

    com, or by completing a separate voterregistration form, which can be obtainedat an MVD office or by calling 602.542.8683or toll free 1.877.THE VOTE.

    You must be registered to vote 29 daysbefore an election in order to qualify tovote in that election. There is no fee toregister to vote.

    If you change your address, you must

    re-register to vote.

    Organ Donation Program

    A Donor Registry has been established inArizona. To indicate your decision to be adonor, simply visit andclick on the Donate Life logo to registeronline or call 1.800.94.DONOR.

    The application for a driver license oridentification card includes a box for youto check if you would like to be added tothe Donate Life AZ Registry as an organand tissue donor.

    Medi-Code Doctors StatementSpace is provided on your license toindicate medical conditions that mayrequire immediate attention. You mustpresent a statement about the medicalcondition, signed by a licensed physicianor registered nurse practitioner to obtain amedical code on your license.

    Proof of Social Security NumberYou are required by state and federal lawsto provide your Social Security number. Itwill be used to verify your identity and tocomply with child support laws. It will notbe used as your driver license number.

    Classes of Licenses

    Licenses are issued by class: Class G

    (graduated), Class D (operator), Class M(motorcycle) and Class A, B, C (commercial).If the Class M license is combined with anyother class of license, it will be added as anendorsement on the back of the currentlicense.

    Instruction Permit

    If you are at least 15 years and 6 months of

    age you may be issued a graduated and/ora motorcycle instruction permit. You mustbe at least 18 for an operator permit.

    Graduated or operator permit: you mustbe accompanied by a Class A, B, C or Dlicensed driver at least 21 years of age,who occupies the seat beside you. Thesepermits are valid for 12 months.

    Motorcycle permit: you are prohibited

    from operating a motorcycle on freewaysor interstate highways between sunsetand sunrise, at any time when there isnot enough light to clearly see personsor vehicles at a distance of 500 feet. Themotorcycle permit is valid for 6-monthsand can be renewed only one time withina 24-month period. To renew an expiredmotorcycle permit, you will be required toretake the written test
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    Arizona Driver License Manual and Customer Service Guide


    A commercial instruction permit: Valid fora 6-month period. You must be at least 18to apply. For additional information, seethe Commercial Driver License Manual,available by calling one of the numbers onpage 4.

    Graduated License (Class G)

    A graduated driver license is issued to anapplicant who is at least 16, but less than18, years of age and is valid to operate anyvehicle that does not require a motorcycleor commercial license.


    For the first 6 months, a driver with agraduated driver license shall not drivea motor vehicle between the hours ofmidnight and 5:00 a.m. unless:

    A parent or legal guardian with a validClass A, B, C or D license occupies thefront passenger seat or;

    Driving directly to or from a sanctionedschool-sponsored activity, place of

    employment, a sanctioned religiousactivity or a family emergency.

    For the first 6 months, a driver with agraduated driver license shall not drive amotor vehicle containing more than onepassenger under the age of 18, unless:

    The passengers are the teen driverssiblings or;

    The teen driver is accompanied by a

    parent or legal guardian with a validClass A, B, C or D driver license whooccupies the front passenger seat.


    The following penalties are for driverswho are under age 18, have a graduateddriver license, and are convicted of a trafficviolation.

    First conviction of a traffic violation:

    Must attend Traffic Survival School.

    Violation goes on driving record.

    Second conviction of a traffic violation:

    3-month suspension of drivingprivilege.

    Violation goes on driving record.

    Third conviction of a traffic violation:

    6-month suspension of drivingprivilege.

    Violation goes on driving record.

    There are additional penalties for violationof curfew and passenger restrictions,including fines and mandatory extensionof the 6-month restricted driving period.

    Suspension of driving privilege resultsfor a third conviction of curfew and/or passenger violations, convictions ofother violations including alcohol-related

    convictions.An applicant for a graduated license musthave held an Arizona instruction permitfor at least 6-months. The permit mustbe valid at the time of application. Anapplicant must also have satisfactorilycompleted an Arizona driver educationprogram approved by MVD or the parentor guardian must certify in writing that the

    applicant has completed at least 30 hoursof supervised driving practice, including atleast 10 hours at night.

    An applicant holding a current and validout-of-state driver license may be exemptfrom the driver education/driving practiceand instruction permit requirements.

    The holder of a graduated license is notrequired to obtain an operator license at

    age 18, but may choose to obtain one.

    Parent/Guardian Approval for

    Applicants Under 18

    If you are under 18, your application for aninstruction permit or driver license must besigned by at least one adult. The adult willbe responsible for any negligence or willfulmisconduct when you are driving.

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    Motor Vehicle Division

    The application must be signed by:

    One natural parent, if married to theother natural parent, or

    Both natural parents, if not married toeach other, but share joint custody, or

    One natural parent with sole custodyIf neither parent is living:

    Legal guardian (proof required), or

    Foster parent living with the minor(proof required), or

    Employer of the minor (deathcertificates must be shown).

    The signatures must be witnessed by an

    MVD agent or by a notary public. Signaturesobtained for an instruction permit will berequired again for a driver license.

    The person who signed the applicationfor the minor, as well as the person withresponsibility for the minor, may cancelthe minors license. The license may becanceled by submitting a Driver License/ID Cancellation Request available

    online or at any driver license office orby phone (see numbers on page 1) or bysending a notarized letter authorizing thecancellation to: Motor Vehicle Division,P.O. Box 2100, Mail Drop 533M, Phoenix,AZ 85001. Indicate the license number,full name and date of birth of the personwhose license is to be canceled.

    Selective Service Registration

    Federal law requires that every male UnitedStates citizen and male alien residing in theUnited States or its territories must registerwith the U.S. Selective Service System within30 days of his 18th birthday. Arizona lawrequires that by submitting an applicationfor an original, renewal or reinstatementdriver license or identification card, maleapplicants under 26 years of age consent

    to registration with the Selective Serviceas part of the application process. Whensubmitting an application for a duplicatedriver license or identification card, maleapplicants under 26 years of age have theoption to consent to registration as part ofthe application process.

    Registering with Selective Servicedoes not mean that you are joining the

    military. Registration provides the federalgovernment with an accurate list of maleswho might be called to military serviceif a return to the draft is authorized byCongress and the President.

    If you are 18 to 25 years of age, registrationinformation will immediately be sent toSelective Service. If you are under 18,information will be stored and automaticallysent to the Selective Service when youreach age 18. Selective Service will sendyou a Registration Acknowledgment Cardwhen your registration is complete.

    For more information, call Selective Servicetoll-free at 1.888.655.1825 or

    Operator License (Class D)

    An operator license allows you to drive anyvehicle that does not require a motorcycleor commercial license. You must be at least18 years of age to apply for an operatorlicense.

    Motorcycle License (Class M)

    A motorcycle license or endorsement isrequired to drive a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle. You must be at least 16 toapply for a motorcycle license.

    An applicant for a motorcycle license orendorsement who is under 18 must haveheld an Arizona instruction permit for atleast 6-months. The permit must be validat the time of application. An applicantmust also have satisfactorily completeda motorcycle driver education programthat is approved by MVD or the parent orguardian must certify in writing that theapplicant has completed at least 30 hoursof supervised motorcycle driving practice.

    An applicant holding an out-of-statemotorcycle license or endorsement maybe exempt from the driver education/driving practice and instruction permitrequirements.

    For additional information, see theMotorcycle Operator Manual, availableonline at or at any MVD orThird Party office.
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    Arizona Driver License Manual and Customer Service Guide


    Commercial Driver License (Class A, B or C)

    A commercial driver license (CDL) isrequired for operating a commercial motorvehicle grouped by the following classes:

    Class A:Any vehicle combination

    (truck and trailer) with the GrossCombination Weight Rating ifthe (GCWR) of 26,001 lbs or more,provided the Gross Vehicle WeightRating (GVWR) of trailer(s) are 10,001lbs or more.

    Class B:A single vehicle with a GVWRof 26,001 lbs or more, or any suchvehicle towing a trailer not in excess

    of 10,000 lbs GVWR. Class C:A single vehicle not in excess

    of 26,000 lbs GVWR, but is designedto transport 16 or more passengers,including the driver or is required tobe placarded to transport hazardousmaterials. A Passenger (P) or aHazardous Materials Endorsement(HME) is required to obtain a Class C

    CDL.You are required to submit a copy of yourMedical Examiner Certificate, form #40-1504 when you apply for a commercialdriver license or renew an existing license.Incomplete or inaccurate information onthe examination certificate may result insuspension or denial of the license. Youmust maintain your medical qualification

    with MVD and must submit a copy of yourexamination certificate every 24 months tothe MVD Medical Review Program.

    Failure to do so may result in suspension ofyour commercial driving privilege.

    Identification (ID) Card

    The identification cardis available to all ages

    (including infants) for$12. Persons over theage of 65 or anyone re-ceiving Federal Supple-mental Security Incomedisability checks re-ceive the card free ofcharge.

    You may not possess an

    identification card and a driver license atthe same time.

    An Arizona ID Card with a photo allows lawenforcement agencies to rapidly distributeyour childs information and photograph inthe event of an AMBER ALERT.

    A new photo will be needed as your childgrows and changes. Photo updates areavailable at MVD offices. A duplicateIdentification Card with the new photocosts only $12.

    What do I need to bring to MVD?

    See: Items needed to obtain a license or ID.The childs Social Security number is

    required. It will be used to verify thechilds identity and to comply with federaland state laws. It will not be used as theidentification card number.

    Required for a Driver License or

    ID Card

    Identification and Proof of Age

    The following listing is subject to change.MVD reserves the right to review, considerand request additional information anddocumentation in making determinationsregarding age, identity and authorizedpresence. Please check our website forupdates.

    You need two types of documentslisted - one must have a clear photo

    of you, or; Three documents listed with no photo.

    One must be listed under Primary (below).

    All must be originals or copiescertified by the issuing agency.

    All must be in English.

    PRIMARY (must include Date of Birth)

    Enhanced Driver License or EnhancedID Card issued by any state in theUS - (Evidenced by the wordEnhanced printed on the card.)

    Birth Certificate issued by any state,territory or possession of the US(Hospital records/certificates andCalifornia Certified Abstracts of Birthare not acceptable.)

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    Delayed Birth Certificate issued byany state, territory or possession ofthe US.

    US Certificate of Birth Abroad

    US Passport or Passport Card

    Arizona ID Card Tribal Certificate of Indian Blood

    Tribal or Bureau of Indian AffairsAffidavit of Birth.

    Foreign Passport with US Visa or VisaWaiver I-94W (Green) or AdmissionStamp (classes WB & WT eligible for IDcard only).

    I-94 Form presented withoutpassport. If without photo, must alsoprovide other acceptable form ofstate ID.

    Permanent Resident Card/ResidentAlien Card, I-551.

    USCIS Employment AuthorizationCard (EAC), except for an EAC withone of the following category codes:

    A11 (Deferred Enforced Departure),C14 (Deferred Action), or C33(Deferred Action for ChildhoodArrivals)

    Refugee Travel Document I-571

    US Certificate of Naturalization

    US Certificate of Citizenship

    US Military DD-214

    US Military ID Card (active duty,reserve and retired)

    Record of a previous Arizona DriverLicense, ID Card or Instruction Permit

    Affidavit of Identification (with photoand within 15 days of issue) fromArizona Department of Corrections.

    Released Offender ID (with photo)from Arizona Department of

    Corrections. ALPHA Program/Community Re-Entry

    ID from the Maricopa County SheriffsOffice.

    Affidavit of Identification (with photoand within 15 days of issue) from theMaricopa County Adult ProbationDepartment.

    SECONDARY (does not have to include

    Date of Birth) Driver License, ID Card or Instruction

    Permit issued by any state, territory orpossession of the US.

    Arizona Certificate of Birth (Foreign

    Born) Social Security Card US Military Dependent ID Card US Armed Forces Driver License US Department of Veterans Affairs

    Card US Department of Justice Inmate ID

    Card Motor Vehicle Record or Clearance

    Letter (within 30 days of issue) Legal Guardian Certificate Selective Service Card W-2 Form Concealed Weapons Permit Medical Insurance ID Card (including

    AHCCCS ID card) Professional License Bank Card

    Credit Card Employee ID Badge (with photo) School ID (with photo) Marriage Certificate issued by any

    state, territory or possession of the US Certified Letter of Identification for a

    Ward of the Court, issued by a courtor government agency in the US

    Decrees from Court of Record:

    - Adoption - Bankruptcy - Divorce - Emancipation - Legal Guardian - Name Change

    Duplicate License

    You may obtain a duplicate license for $12 ifyou meet one of the following criteria:

    Your Arizona driver license oridentification card is lost, stolen,destroyed, or becomes unreadable.(If your license has been lost or stolenand you have reason to believesomeone else is using it, the incidentshould be reported to your local

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    police department as an identitytheft).

    Your address or name changes.

    You wish to update your photo.

    You wish to remove your Social

    Security number from your license. You wish to convert a graduated

    license to an under 21 driver license.

    You wish to convert an under 21license to a regular driver license.

    You must provide two acceptableitems of identification. If your namehas changed, you will need to presentidentification in both your new and

    previous names (i.e., court document).

    A duplicate license may be obtainedonline at or by callingtoll-free 1.877.301.8093 and using a majorcredit card.

    If your license was issued prior to July 1995,you must visit an MVD office to obtainthe duplicate so that your photo may be


    Applying for a Title and


    When you buy a vehicle, Arizona lawrequires that you apply for a title within 15days of purchase or transfer. If your vehiclewas registered in another state and youwish to operate it in Arizona, you must

    register it here as soon as you become anArizona resident (see Resident Definitionon page 7).

    Most vehicles may be registered foreither 1- or 2-year periods. (Some vehiclesmust be emission tested every year andare, therefore, not eligible for 2-yearregistration).

    A 5-year registration option is offered forvehicles that do not require an emissionstest during the five years of the registrationperiod.

    How much does it cost to title and

    register my vehicle?

    Title Fee .................................................... $4Registration Fee -in air quality attainment areas .............. $8

    in air quality non-attainment areas . $8.25Annual Air Quality Fee (AQF) ............ $1.50Vehicle License Tax (VLT) ........................... **The VLT fee is based on an assessed valueof 60% of the manufacturers base retailprice reduced by 16.25% for each year sincethe vehicle was first registered in Arizona(15% before 8/1/98). The rate is calculatedat $2.80 (new vehicles)/$2.89 (used vehicles)for each $100 of the assessed value.

    For example, in addition to registration/fora new vehicle that costs $25,000, the firstyear assessed value would be $15,000 andthe VLT would be $420.00. The second yearthe assessed value would be $12,562.50and the VLT would be $363.06.

    Your vehicle may require an emissiontest. For information on emissions testing

    requirements, call 1.877.692.9227 or

    If the vehicle has commercial registration,additional weight and commercialregistration fees may apply.

    Renewals can be completed online, via mail, in an MVDoffice, or an Authorized Third Partyoffice. Renewals must be submitted or

    postmarked on or before midnight onthe due date (15th day of the month forsome, last day of the month for others)or you will be subject to late penaltyfees. Review your registration documentcarefully.

    If you do not receive a renewal noticebefore the end of the registration period,you must still renew by the expiration date.

    90-Day Resident Registration

    An Arizona resident who does not havecomplete documentation for issuance ofa title or registration may apply for a 90-day Resident Registration. This registrationallows you to operate the vehicle whileobtaining additional documentation. Thefee is $15. When complete documentation
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    is submitted, vehicle license taxes will becalculated for the full year, back to thedate of issuance of the 90-day ResidentRegistration.

    Temporary Registrations

    A plate cannot be displayed on anothervehicle until the title and registrationhave been processed through MVD or anAuthorized Third Party. If it is necessaryto operate the vehicle to complete thistransaction, the owner must obtain aRestricted Use 3-Day Permit for privatesales or a Temporary Registration Plate(TRP) for vehicles purchased from a

    licensed motor vehicle dealer.

    When You Sell Your Vehicle

    When you sell your vehicle, fill in the transferinformation on the back of the vehicle title,have it notarized and give it to the newowner. You must also complete a Sold Noticeon the back of the registration or online

    Plate and Fee To Owner (PFTO)

    Plate stays with you when yourvehicle is sold.

    Get credit for remaining fees whenyou transfer plate and fees to anothervehicle or apply for a refund.

    Processing fee required ($12).

    Arizona law provides that a license platebelongs to you, the vehicle owner. Whenthat vehicle is sold, you remove and retainthe plate.

    You must remove the plate upon sale ofthe vehicle, then within 30 days must takeone of the following actions through MVDor an authorized third party:

    Transfer the plate to another vehicle, or;

    Turn in the plate, or;

    Submit a signed statement that theplate was destroyed, lost, stolen, ormutilated.

    Don't wait. Credit reduces each monthnot used unless you have taken one of thepreviously listed actions.


    Apply for a plate credit refund online

    Vehicle Inspection Program

    The Vehicle Inspection Program providesvehicle inspections for the purpose ofdetecting stolen vehicles or stolen vehicleparts before the vehicle is titled andregistered in this state.

    These inspections only apply to thosevehicles that are being registered forthe first time in Arizona or vehicles thathave been restored, salvaged or are

    of questionable identity. The vehicleinspection program consists of three levelsof inspections:

    Level Iinspections are typicallyperformed on vehicles coming toArizona from another country, orthrough either the bonded titleor abandoned vehicle verificationprocess. A Level I inspection may

    be required for first-time Arizonaregistration of an out-of-state vehicle.There is no fee.

    Level IIinspections are performed onvehicles when a public or secondaryvehicle identification number ismissing or appears to have beentampered with. These inspections arealso performed on reconstructed and

    specially constructed vehicles. Thereis a $20 fee.

    Level IIIinspections are performedon most salvage titled vehicles orvehicles found to have salvage statusbrands on major component parts.There is a $50 fee.

    Items Needed for a Title and


    The following steps must be taken in orderto obtain an Arizona title, registration andlicense plate for a vehicle previously titledor registered in another state. This is generalinformation only. Any title and registrationaction may present special requirements.
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    Emissions Test

    Before you register, your vehicle mayneed to be emissions tested. The ArizonaDepartment of Environmental Quality(ADEQ) is responsible for vehicle emissionstesting.

    Vehicles Commuting Into the EmissionsInspection Area

    Arizona law requires that if a vehicle isbeing driven to work from an area thatdoes not require an emission test, into anarea that does require emission testing, thevehicle must be emission tested.

    For current information concerning

    emission test requirements, commuting,including exemptions and fees, call toll-free 1.877.692.9227, 24 hours, or online

    Vehicle Insurance

    Every motor vehicle operated on theroadways of this state must be coveredby an insurance liability policy issued by

    a company that is licensed to do businessin Arizona. The policy must be an Arizona-based policy that reflects where the vehicleis predominantly being operated.

    Minimum levels of financial responsibilityfor private passenger vehicles are:

    $15,000 bodily injury liability for oneperson and $30,000 for two or morepersons.

    $10,000 property damage liability.

    You must have current proof of thatinsurance in the vehicle, when operatingthe vehicle. Law enforcement officerswill ask you for proof of insurance at thetime of traffic stops or crashes. Insurancecompanies notify MVD of all policycancellations, non-renewals, and newpolicies. If your insurance company sendsMVD a notice that your policy is no longeractive, we will send you an inquiry notice toverify insurance status.

    It is important that you verify that thevehicle identification number (VIN)supplied by your insurance companymatches the VIN on your vehicleregistration. If it does not match, ask

    your insurance company to resubmitthe correct VIN. To verify your insurancecoverage on file with MVD, please visitservicearizona.comand click on InsuranceVerification.

    Failure to maintain proper insurance with acorrect VIN on file with MVD could lead tothe suspension of your vehicle registrationand/or driver license. To reinstate theseprivileges, fees and future proof offinancial responsibility must be filed withMVD. The future proof requirement ismost commonly an SR-22 form from aninsurance company. This can be expensiveto the vehicle owner, especially since the

    law requires the owner to carry the SR-22for 3 years from the date of suspension.

    License Plates

    Out-of-state license plates must besurrendered when you obtain Arizonaplates. Personalized and special platesare available for most vehicles. Check ourwebsite at servicearizona.comfor examplesof available special plates.

    When you register a vehicle in Arizonafor the first time or renew an existing

    registration, you receive a license plate tabthat includes the month and the year theregistration expires and the plate number.

    Registration Compliance Program

    Millions of dollars are uncollected annuallydue to failure to comply with ArizonasRegistration Laws. State law requires thatnew residents obtain an Arizona driverlicense and register vehicles immediately.

    MVDs Registration Compliance Programeducates the public on Arizona Vehicle
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    Registration Laws (see page 9, ResidentDefinition).

    To report a resident of Arizona who is notin compliance with Arizona registrationlaws, call 1.800.657.4322 or report a violatoronline: thenclick on the Registration ComplianceViolators tab.

    Alternative Fuel Vehicles (AFV)

    AFVs are those vehicles exclusivelypowered by liquified petroleum gas(propane), natural gas (CNG/LNG), ablend of 70% alternative fuel and 30%

    petroleum-based fuel, hydrogen, solaror electric (excluding golf carts). Originalequipment manufactured AFVs, less thantwo model years old, may be exempt fromthe emissions testing requirement.

    Call the Arizona Department ofEnvironmental Quality (ADEQ) at602.771.3954 to determine if your vehicleis exempt. Hydrogen, solar and electric

    vehicles are exempt from all emissionstesting requirements.

    For more information about AFVexemptions, visit the ADEQ If you have technicalquestions regarding AFV contact ADEQsVehicle Emissions Inspection Program bycalling 602.771.3950 or visiting us online

    AFVs are eligible for a lower tax rate andare issued a special license plate or decalallowing the use of the HOV carpoolfreeway lanes anytime regardless of thenumber of passengers.

    Partnership Programs

    Partnership programs coordinate MVDs

    e-government activities and oversee theauthorization of public and private entities,known as third parties, to provide MVDservices. These alternative service deliverymethods provide convenience to Arizonaresidents and businesses that need motorvehicle or driver license services whilekeeping MVD's expenses in line, even asthe state continues to grow.

    Third party partners are required to meetMVD standards and meet establisheddeadlines for reporting their activities.

    Examples of these e-government andpartnership alternatives are:

    ServiceArizonaServiceArizona is MVDs online serviceoption. Customers can use to conduct a variety of motor vehicleand driver license transactions (see p.6 for alist of services). ServiceArizona self-servicecenters are available at many MVD offices,providing a convenient option for fasterservice.

    In addition to online registration renewal,customers may renew (toll free) bytelephone by following the voice promptsat 1.888.713.3031.

    Third Party Title and Registration

    These third party partners are authorizedto provide a variety of MVD services, suchas issuing vehicle titles, registrations,

    license plates and tabs. They often offerconvenient extended hours on weekendsand evenings. MVD monitors the qualityof third party work to ensure it meets statestandards. For a list of MVD Third Partyoffices, visit

    Driver Services

    Arizona residents can receive drivertraining and education from Professional

    Driver Training Schools. MVD licenses theschools and the instructors so that thetraining will help produce well-qualifiedand safe drivers.

    Commercial Driver License Examiners

    Many public and private sector entitiesin Arizona have MVD-certified examinerswho are authorized to administer the

    demonstration skill test to applicantsfor the commercial driver license (CDL).These third parties include school districts,government agencies at all levels andbusinesses that have employees whorequire the CDL, as well as driving schoolsthat specialize in CDL instruction.
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    SECTION 1:Before You Drive

    PreparationWe test you in the vehicle that you provide.You should be familiar with it. It musthave no defective or missing equipment.Applicants should be able to release or applythe parking brake and recognize when it hasbeen applied. You should have learned tooperate the windshield wiper and washer,the heater and defroster and know when

    to use them. You should be able to operatethe horn and each of the other instrumentswithout taking your eyes off the road. Youshould recognize any warning lights thatmay be displayed on the instrument panel.Prior to entering the test vehicle, you shouldhave observed nearby parked cars, peopleor objects that could affect your ability tosafely put the car in motion.

    Upon entering the vehicle, you shouldadjust your seat (and steering wheel, ifadjustable) so that you are sitting erectbehind the wheel with your feet able tooperate the foot controls. Before puttingthe vehicle in motion, check your turn

    signals and brakes to ensure they are inworking order.

    Arizona's Safety Belt Law (Buckle Up


    Each front seat occupant of a motor vehiclesubject to the federal motor vehicle safetystandards must either:

    Have the lap and shoulder beltproperly adjusted and fastened whilethe vehicle is in motion, or

    If only a lap belt is installed where theoccupant is sitting, the lap belt must beproperly adjusted and fastened whilethe vehicle is in motion.

    The operator of a motor vehicle mustrequire all passengers under the age of 16

    years to comply.A combination lap/shoulder belt greatlyreduces your chances of being seriouslyinjured in a motor vehicle crash. The lapbelt prevents ejection and protects yourlower body. The shoulder belt keeps yourhead and chest from striking the dashboardor windshield. In vehicles with automaticshoulder belts and manual lap belts, it is

    extremely important to buckle the lap belt.

    Child Car Seat Safety Information

    (Buckle Up Children!)

    Parents please remember, seat belts arenot designed for children. Children arerequired to be in a car seat until they are aminimum of four feet, nine inches tall.

    If you see an unrestrained child in a moving

    vehicle, please call 1.800.505.BABY with thevehicle plate number, city, and location ofthe child in the vehicle.

    Arizona law states: "A person shall notoperate a motor vehicle on the highways inthis state when transporting a child who isunder eight years of age unless that childis properly secured in a child passengerrestraint system."

    Third Party Inspection

    Third Party providers, many of them motorvehicle dealerships, are authorized by MVDto perform Level I inspections. If necessary,vehicles are referred to MVD for a Level II orLevel III inspection.

    Traffic Survival School Program

    The Traffic Survival School Program is fordrivers who have convictions of seriousdriving violations, have an accumulation ofpoints on their driving record, or who areat risk for suspension of driving privilege.This program is designed to change ormodify risky or unsafe driving behavior.

    These schools are licensed by MVD andhave certified instructors to teach acurriculum approved by MVD. The schoolsteach drivers how to avoid adverse trafficsituations, define their responsibilitieswhile driving, strengthen their knowledgeof motor vehicle laws, and, mostimportantly, improve their attitude towardsafe driving. A list of currently authorized

    traffic survival schools can be found onlineat, click on Driver Services,then on Traffic Survival Schools.
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    Drivers transporting more than one childmust secure as many children in childpassenger restraint devices as reasonablegiven the size of the passenger area andnumber of passengers being transported.

    Child safety seats must meet U.S.

    Department of Transportation safetystandards and must be used by followingmanufacturers and automobilemanufacturers instructions.

    Air bags can save lives and prevent seriousinjuries. They are intended to be used withsafety belts. Children age 12 years andunder should never ride in the front seat ofa car. If a child must ride in the front seat of

    a car, please turn the front seat passengerside air bag to the off switch (most newervehicles are equipped with an on/offswitch).

    Governors Office of Highway Safety

    For more information on safety issues,contact the Arizona Governors Officeof Highway Safety. In Phoenix call

    602.255.3216; statewide call toll-free1.877.355.3216; or online at

    Travel Information Service

    With a rapidly growingtransportation system,travelers need current travelinformation fast. Dial 511from any cell or conventional

    phone 24 hours a day for up-to-the-minutereports about:

    Traffic Conditions and Road Closures




    Metro Region Quick Reports

    Just dial 511 and press the star key (*) toactivate the systems touch tone modeand you will be guided through theavailable features. You may also use thevoice-activated prompts. When usingvoice activation, please listen to the entire

    introduction and reduce backgroundnoise.

    In addition, travel information is availablevia the Internet

    511 and are provided as freeservices by the Arizona Department ofTransportation.

    Check the VehicleHow safely you can drive starts with thevehicle you are driving. It is the duty ofdrivers to make certain that the vehiclesthey drive are safe to operate. A vehiclethat is in bad shape is unsafe and costsmore to run than one that is maintained.It can break down or cause a collision. If avehicle is in bad shape, you might not be

    able to get out in an emergency situation.A vehicle in good condition can give youan extra safety margin when you need it.You never know when you may need it.

    Your vehicle may be required to have anemissions inspection at an authorizedInspection Station. If the vehicle does notpass, you will be given 30 days to havethe problem fixed and have the emissions

    rechecked.You should follow your vehicle ownersmanual for routine maintenance. Somemaintenance you can do yourself and somemust be done by a qualified mechanic. Afew simple checks will help prevent troubleon the road.

    All Truck and Trailers

    Secure and Cover Loads!

    According to Arizona law, A person shallnot drive or move a vehicle on a highwayunless the vehicle is constructed or loadedin a manner to prevent any of its load fromdropping, sifting, leaking or otherwiseescaping from the vehicle.(A.R.S. 28-1098.A).
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    Required Equipment for Motor


    BrakesEvery motor vehicle must have brakes ingood working condition. Cars and trucksmust have both a foot brake and anemergency brake. Each set of brakes mustapply to at least two wheels. A motorcyclemust have at least one brake that maybe applied by hand or foot. Trailers of3,000 lbs. or more gross weight must beequipped with separate brakes.

    Safety Belts

    Each front seat occupant of a motor vehiclemanufactured after 1972 must have theseat belt properly fastened and adjustedwhile the vehicle is in motion.

    Child Safety Seats

    A child less than 8 years old must beproperly secured in a child passengerrestraint system while being transported ina vehicle in this state.

    Head Restraints

    Seat-back head restraints are designed toreduce the chance of whiplash injury inrear-end collisions. If they are adjustable,they should be positioned to fit against theback of your head and to line up with themiddle of the ear.

    MufflerEvery motor vehicle must have a muffler ingood working condition and in constantoperation to prevent excessive or unusualnoise. It is against the law to use a mufflercut-out, bypass or similar device.

    Air Pollution Control

    Motor vehicles of 1967 model year and

    newer must be equipped with an exhaustemissions system to help reduce airpollution. Also, the engine of every motorvehicle must be equipped to prevent theescape of excessive fumes and smoke.

    Windows and Windshields

    Vehicles must have a windshield (withoutcracks) and windshield wipers that are ingood working condition. Sun screening

    materials on windows and windshieldsare legal only within certain limits. Ownersshould make sure that the manufactureror installer of the material complies withArizona law.

    Rearview MirrorsEvery vehicle that is made or loaded so thatthe drivers view to the rear is blocked musthave at least one outside driver side mirrorthat shows the view of the highway for atleast 200 feet to the rear.

    Horns and Warning Devices

    A working horn that can be heard for 200

    feet is required on your vehicle. Emergencyvehicles may have a siren, whistle or bell.

    Red Lights and Flashers

    Flashing red warning lights are prohibitedon the front of the vehicle, even thosevehicles that are disabled, except onauthorized emergency vehicles, schoolbuses and snow removal equipment.

    Hazard warning signal lights (emergencyflashers) should be activated wheneveryour vehicle is stopped on the roadway orshoulder of the road.

    SECTION 2:Safe Driving Practices

    Defensive Driving

    Defensive Driving means being constantlyaware of the driving conditions, planningahead, anticipating dangers and taking theright action so as not to come in contact withany obstacle or another vehicle.

    We all want to avoid collisions that could resultin personal injury or even death. But, even

    when there is no personal injury, a collisionmeans inconvenience and auto repair costs.It may also result in a court appearance andfines, as well as increased insurance rates.You have a great financial stake in your owngood driving record. Driving defensively willhelp protect your life and your driving record.

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    Attitude and Awareness

    Courtesy and consideration toward othersare the most important driving attitudes youcan develop. They are the key to safe driving.

    Concentration and alertness are other

    important elements. You must developthe habit of keeping your mind on driving.Driving when you are drowsy, or underemotional distress, can be just as dangerousas driving drunk.


    In driving terms, foresight means beingable to size up traffic situations as quicklyas possible and being prepared to takecorrective action. Safe driving requiresexercising good judgment and recognizingthe proper choices to make in any giventraffic situation.

    Even the most experienced drivers makemistakes. Regardless of how many yearsyouve been driving, at some point youwill face equipment failures, bad weatherconditions, unskilled drivers on the road, anddrivers who ignore traffic regulations.

    The best way to prepare yourself forunpredictable events is to drive defensively.

    Always maintain good vision ahead andaround your vehicle.

    Stay alert and be prepared to react tothe unexpected.

    Obey speed limits and know when to

    slow down and stop for unexpectedevents.

    Always wear your safety belt.

    As a defensive driver, you should constantlylook ahead of you and around you, andalways check your mirrors. Be aware of theroad conditions or possible hazards that lie

    in front, to the sides, and behind you.Knowledge and Experience

    The beginning driver should learn throughinstruction, observation, and practice. Ifyou are not enrolled in a driver trainingprogram, ask an experienced, skilled,licensed driver for help. After you obtainyour instruction permit, practice starting,stopping, and vehicle control in a parking

    lot or other open area with little traffic.Practice will sharpen your basic skills andbuild your confidence.

    Experienced drivers, on the other hand,often face the problems of carelessness,overconfidence and bad driving habitsthat develop over time. Driving rulesand techniques have changed over theyears. The amount of traffic is constantlyincreasing. Your ability to adjust and adaptto these changes will determine how safea driver you really are. Your knowledgeshould include recognition of the hazardsof driving and how to protect yourself, andothers.

    A skill is a well rehearsed driving strategythat involves anticipation, reaction and theconstant changing of the space betweenyour vehicle and other vehicles. Youmust continually strive for improvement.Improvement can be measured in yourelimination of risk-taking, your adherenceto speed limits and your ability to takecorrective action when necessary.


    Minor distractions can take your attentionaway from driving. There is a potentialaccident in every minor distraction. It isyour responsibility to pay full attentionto your driving. Avoid minor distractionswhile driving, such as:

    Reading a GPS unit or road map.

    Using a phone, texting or otherelectronic handheld device.

    Searching for an item dropped on theseat.

    Tending to children.

    Fastening a safety belt while driving.

    Cell Phones/Texting

    Pull off the road safely and stop if youare going to use a cell phone or send/receive a text message. Use of suchdevices while driving results in distracteddriving behavior and is dangerous. Whileoperating a motor vehicle, both handsshould be on the steering wheel, allowingthe driver full control of the vehicle.

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    Many new drivers turn the steering wheeltoo much because they are using a fenderor a part of the hood as a guide. The properway to stay in your lane of travel is to lookwell ahead and make only slight steeringcorrections as needed. Only practice canteach you how to steer.


    A defensive driver is in responds to theirdriving environment. Keep your eyesmoving and learn to read the road. Toavoid the need for last minute decision-making, look ahead for a distance of

    about one city block. Be alert and watchfor cars, bicyclists, people or animalsthat may cross your path. Such spotsmay include intersections, crosswalks,shopping centers, construction areas andplaygrounds.

    When approaching an intersection, besure to check both left and right beforeproceeding. By frequently checking the

    traffic behind you, you will know whensomeone is tailgating or moving up tooquickly. Check your rearview mirror oftenfor the position of traffic behind you.When changing lanes, check your sidemirrors and turn your head and look overyour shoulder to be sure that it is safe toproceed with the lane change. By knowingthe speed and position of traffic on all four

    sides of your vehicle, you will be better ableto make decisions quickly and safely.

    Positioning Vehicle

    Cushion of Space Around Your Vehicle

    The space between you and other vehiclesgives you (and the other drivers) time toreact in emergencies and avoid collisions.

    Create a space cushion around you bystaying in the middle of your lane. Makesure there is enough room ahead andbehind to pass or stop safely.

    When sharing a lane with a bicycle, allow atleast 3 feet for clearance between you andthe bicycle. Moderate your speed. Leaveenough space between you and the carahead of you to allow for a sudden stop. At

    high speeds, the distance your vehicletravels while you are reacting to a problem isgreater and your margin for error is less. Ifyou are following too closely, you may notbe able to stop in time. Most rear endcrashes are caused by following too closely.

    :06 :03

    You can use the 3-6 second rule todetermine if you have enough cushionbetween you and the vehicle you arefollowing. When the vehicle ahead ofyou passes a certain point, such as a signor over-pass, count one-thousand-one,one-thousand-two, one-thousand-three,one-thousand-four. This takes about fourseconds. If you pass the same point beforeyou finish counting, you are followingtoo closely. At faster speeds, the distance

    should be greater. At times you will needmore than a 3-second cushion (e.g., poorroad conditions). Give yourself 3 to 6seconds for more cushion.

    Help the driver behind you maintain a safefollowing distance by driving at a constantspeed and signaling in advance wheneveryou are slowing or stopping.

    If another driver follows you too closely,move to another lane if there is room or,when the road ahead is clear, graduallyslow down and move to the right. Theseactions should encourage the tailgater topass you.

    Remember, what you do can affect thedriver behind you, especially if you muststop suddenly.

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    Blind Spots

    Blind spots are areas on the left and rightsides of your vehicle that are not visiblein your mirror. Blind spots can occurwhen vehicles are parked too close to anintersection or when bushes, trees andbuildings block your view. In situations like

    these, inch your vehicle forward until youhave a clear view. Then proceed when theway is clear.

    Avoid driving in someone elses blindspot. This can be just as dangerous as notchecking your own. Speed up or drop back,but never stay for an extended time in ablind spot area. Make sure your vehicle canbe seen by other drivers.

    Do not rely on your mirrors alone to seeother vehicles. Look over your shoulder tosee if the way is clear before changing lanes.

    Entering/Crossing Traffic


    Communicating means clearly showingother drivers and pedestrians what you

    plan to do early enough to avoid a collision.Any time you plan to change directions,use your turn signals whether you arechanging lanes, turning at an intersection,entering a freeway, pulling away from acurb or pulling off to the side of the road.Develop the habit of using your turn signalseven when you do not see other vehicleson the road. The vehicle you do not see is

    the most dangerous one. Here are somerules to follow:

    Signal at least 4 seconds before youturn so other drivers will have time toreact.

    If you plan to turn beyond anintersection, do not signal until youare in the intersection (drivers in theintersection may pull into your path).

    After you complete your move, besure your turn signal is off.


    Signaling lets other drivers know you aregoing to do something different and gives

    them time to react to your move. Signalingdoes not give you the right-of-way. Turnsmay be indicated using turn signals, handsignals, or both. The law designates whichlanes and positions you must use whenturning and requires you to signal at least100 feet before you turn.

    You should always signal before you:

    Change lanes. Turn at an intersection or into adriveway or alley.

    Enter or leave a freeway.

    Pull away from the curb.

    Pull over to the side of the road.

    Slow down or stop suddenly.

    Hand and turn signals are shown below.




    PassingWhen you want to pass a vehicle traveling inthe same direction, pass on the left. Signalthat you are about to change lanes. Makesure you have time and room to get all theway in front of the vehicle you are passingwithout creating danger for vehiclescoming toward you. Move into the left laneand pass the vehicle. When you can see

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    the entire front or both headlights of thevehicle you passed in your rearview mirror,look over your shoulder to be sure the laneis clear, signal that you are changing lanes,then return to the lane on the right. Thisprocedure also applies to passing slow-

    moving bicycles and mopeds.

    When another vehicle comes up behindyou and sounds its horn or flashes its lights,move to the right when safe and let it pass.Never speed up when another vehicle ispassing you.

    Passing on the Right

    Passing on the right is permitted only when

    it is safe and: The driver of the other vehicle is making

    a left turn (never pass to the left of adriver who has signaled a left turn).

    An open highway is clearly markedfor two or more lanes of vehiclesmoving in the same direction as youare going.

    You are in a business or residentialdistrict where the pavement ismarked for two or more lanes ofvehicles moving in the direction youare going.

    You must never pass on the right bydriving off the paved or main portionof the roadway.

    Do Not Pass

    You must not pass when:

    There is a double sided line or a soliddividing line on the lane in which you aredriving.

    Approaching a curve or the top of ahill where you cannot see ahead to besure of safe passing.

    Approaching within 100 feet of a street

    crossing. Approaching within 100 feet of a

    railroad crossing.

    Within 100 feet of a bridge, tunnel, orunderpass where your view is blocked.


    A roundabout is an intersection controldevice with traffic circulating around an

    island. Approaching vehicles must yieldto the traffic in the circle. Always yield topedestrians and bicyclists that are crossingthe road. Always enter a roundabout tothe right of the central island. Traffic in theroundabout always has the Right of way.

    Know Where Youre Headed - Know whereyou want to go as you approach theintersection. Follow the signs and get in theappropriate lane.

    How to drive in a roundabout:

    Slow down as you approach theintersection; roundabouts aredesigned for speeds of 15-20 mph.

    Enter the roundabout when there is agap in traffic. Once inside, do not stop.Follow directions on signs or pavementmarkings about which lane to use.

    You may exit at any street or continuearound if you miss your exit.

    Yield Vehicles in the roundabout have

    the right-of-way.Watch Out for Large Trucks- Dont try topass large trucks in the roundabout.

    Emergency Vehicles Proceed withcaution in the roundabout when you seean emergency vehicle exit if you can, orpull over to the right.

    Pedestrians Use crosswalks and usecaution.

    Bicyclists Be aware of traffic rules or walkyour bike and use the crosswalks.







    As you enter the roundabout,slow down and YIELD until there

    is a safe gap before entering.

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    When you park on a public roadway, youmust be sure that you are not in the way oftraffic, obstructing visibility or in an illegalparking zone.

    International Symbol of Access

    This symbol, which appears on reservedparking signs, placards and license plates,

    is the international symbol of access forpersons with physical disability. Parkingspaces marked with this symbol are onlyto be used by a vehicle displaying a validplacard or license plate with this symbol,and only when transporting the personwho was issued the placard or plate.

    It is illegal for anyone else to park in thesespaces and may result in a fine.

    Backing Up/Reversing

    Backing up or reversing you car isdangerous because it is hard for you tosee behind you. Here are some rules youshould follow whenever you have to backyour car:

    Check behind your car before you getin. Children or small objects are hard

    to see from the drivers seat. Turn around so that you can look

    directly through the rear window. Donot depend on your mirrors.

    Back up slowly.

    Parallel ParkingYour ability to judge distances whilecontrolling the speed of your vehicle is the

    key to completing this maneuver. Whenparallel parking, be sure to continuallycheck for oncoming traffic.

    To parallel park correctly:

    Check traffic behind you and signalthat you are stopping.

    Stop when you are alongside theforward car and your cars back

    bumper lines up with the backbumper of the parked vehicle. Leaveapproximately 2 feet between youand the forward car.

    Shift into reverse. While looking overyour right shoulder, back up slowlywhile turning the wheel sharply to theright.

    When your front bumper passes therear bumper of the forward car, turnthe wheel sharply to the left. Keepbacking until parallel to the curb.

    Straighten the wheels and slowly pullforward.

    Parking on a Hill

    When you park on a downhill grade, turnyour wheels toward the curb and set yourparking brake.

    If you park on an uphill grade, turn yourwheels to the left, let your car roll back untilthe right front wheel rests against the curband stops. Set your parking brake.

    If there is no curb, turn the wheels to the rightso that the car will roll away from the centerof the road in the event the brakes fail.

    Always set your parking brake.

    Downhill - Curb Uphill - Curb Uphill - No Curb

    Emergency Parking

    If it is necessary to leave your vehicle parkedon a highway or street, follow these rules:

    Pull onto the shoulder of the roadas far away from traffic as possible.If there is a curb, pull your vehicle asclose to the curb as possible.

    Set your parking brake, shift intopark or leave the vehicle in gear (formanual transmission), and turn off theengine.

    Set out proper emergency signals.

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    Stay with your vehicle if possible untilassistance arrives.

    Lock your vehicle if you have to leave it.

    Prohibited Parking

    It is illegal to park:

    on a sidewalk. in front of a private or public


    within the boundaries of anintersection.

    on a crosswalk or within 20 feet of acrosswalk at an intersection.

    on any freeway or interstate highway(except for an emergency).

    in any area with signs prohibiting


    within 15 feet of a fire hydrant.

    within 50 feet of a railroad crossing.

    on a bridge or within a tunnel.

    in such a way that you create a hazard

    for other vehicles.

    Freeway Driving

    Freeways and interstate highways aredesigned to handle higher speed trafficsafely.

    Entering a Freeway

    The key to entering a freeway is to accelerateon the entrance ramp lane to match thespeed of freeway traffic in the right lane.Signal before you merge to indicate thatyou want to enter. Check the traffic around

    you and when clear merge carefully. Donot cross a solid line or through the GoreArea. See figure (A) on the following page.

    Exiting the Freeway

    Be sure to signal before exiting the freeway.Most freeways will have deceleration lanes toassist you in your exit. Use proper braking toallow for a smooth exit. Be sure to maintain

    adequate space (space cushion) betweenyour vehicle and the vehicle ahead whenexiting in heavy traffic. Do not cross a solidline. See figure (B) on the following page.

    A divided highway/freeway has separateroadways for traffic in opposite directions,often with multiple lanes on each side.Some highways intersect other roads andare controlled by traffic signals. Others are

    controlled access, which means they haveno signals or intersections; you enter and exitthese highways using ramps. These are calledexpressways or freeways and the pointsat which you can enter or exit are known asintersections.

    Figure A: How to enter a freeway.





    GORE AREAA 3-point penalty on

    driving record if crossed.








    1 23

    A 3-point penalty ondriving record if crossed.

    Figure B: How to exit a freeway.

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    Motor Vehicle Division

    Entering and Exiting the Highway

    Make sure you are in the proper lane wellin advance so you can safely enter or exitthe highway.

    Yield the right-of-way to drivers

    already on the highway. As you approach and enter a highway

    travel lane, increase your speed tomatch that of vehicles already on theroad.

    If you miss your exit, do not stop.NEVERback up on a highway. Get offthe highway at the next exit and lookfor signs showing you how to rejoin

    the road in the other direction. Be sure to signal your exit before you

    reach the exit ramp.

    Lane Use

    The right lane is used for entering andexiting, and for slow traffic. The left lane isused by higher-speed traffic.

    Avoid the right lane of a freeway during

    rush hour. This will leave room for vehiclesentering and exiting.

    Be alert for other vehicles attemptingto merge into your lane, and use propersignals to let other drivers know if you arechanging lanes. Do not exceed the postedspeed limits. Avoid tailgating (followingthe car ahead of you too closely).

    Gore AreaIt is against the law to drive over or park inany part of a gore area. A gore area is thespace between a through roadway and anentrance or exit ramp. (See figures A andB above).

    Should you be convicted of violatingthis traffic rule, three(3) points would beassessed on your driving record.

    Stopping on the Freeway

    If you need assistance, pull over onto theright shoulder as far as possible. Avoidstopping your vehicle on or near freewayramps.

    To signal for assistance on the freeway, turnon your emergency flashers and tie a whitehandkerchief or scarf to the radio antenna,

    or raise the hood of the car. To signal afterdark, turn on your inside dome light and/orset out flares or portable warning signals.Wait for help. Do not walk along the freeway.

    While driving on the freeway, watchfor disabled vehicles. If you approach adisabled vehicle, reduce your speed, moveover, and proceed around the disabledvehicle with caution (See page 32 MoveOver AZ).

    Freeway Restrictions

    High-Occupancy-Vehicle (HOV) Lanes

    HOV lanes are indicated by white diamonds

    in the roadway as seen here.


    On the freeway, you may not:

    Drive a vehicle carrying fewer thantwo persons, including the driver, inan HOV lane at the posted timesMonday through Friday. At thosetimes, the HOV lanes are restricted tocar pool vehicles, motorcycles, busesor vehicles displaying alternative fuellicense plates (below). A motorist whoviolates this restriction is subject to apenalty of $200.

    AF 0000 0L N00

    Alternat ive Fuel License Plate Hybrid License Plate

    Always signal and use caution whenmerging across the solid white lineinto and out of the HOV lane.

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    Other Freeway Restrictions

    Do not:

    Drive over or across any median ordivided highway separation.

    Make a U-turn.

    Change lanes without signaling. Drive onto the freeway, except at an


    Park or stop on the freeway, exceptin specially provided areas (parkingon the shoulder of the freewayis prohibited, except in case ofemergency).

    Back up if you miss an exit (you mustgo on to the next exit).

    Driving on the Highway

    Make sure your vehicle is in goodoperating order and can maintainhighway speeds.

    Stay to the right and only use the leftlane for passing. If you are travelingon a highway with three lanes, treatthe far right lane as a slower-speedthrough lane and the far left lane asthe passing lane.

    Drive in the middle of your lane,staying between the lines.

    Use your rearview mirror and yourdirectional signals when changinglanes.

    Section 3:Roadway and VehicleKnowledge

    The flow of traffic on our streets andhighways is controlled by various signallights, traffic signs and pavement markings.You must fully understand their meaningin order to drive safely. There are alsovarious requirements concerning vehicleequipment that you should know. Thissection provides information about these

    important basics.

    Signal Lights

    Signal lights (red, yellow and green) areplaced at many intersections to regulatethe direction and flow of traffic. Thesetraffic lights apply to pedestrians, bicycleand moped riders, as well as to motorists.You must obey the signal lights unless a

    police officer is directing traffic.Red Red Means Stop!

    This signal means STOP. You mustcome to a complete stop beforeyou reach the intersection, stopline or crosswalk. Remain stopped

    for as long as the light stays red. Where notprohibited by signs, a right turn may bemade after coming to a complete stop,

    when motor traffic and pedestrian trafficare clear.

    Yellow Yellow Means Caution!

    This signal means CAUTION. Asteady yellow light is a warningthat the light is about to turn red.If you have not entered the

    intersection, you should come to a safestop. If you are already in the intersection,

    you should continue moving and clear itsafely. Speeding up to beat the light isillegal and could cause a crash.

    Green Green Means Go, if clear

    This signal means GO. You maygo through an intersection in thedirection indicated by the signalif the roadway is clear. Check right

    and left for oncoming traffic.

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    Flashing Red Light

    A flashing red light has the same meaningas a stop sign. You must come to a fullstop, then proceed with caution when theroadway is clear.

    Flashing Yellow LightA flashing yellow light means you shouldslow down and proceed with