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  • Slide 1
  • ART AND THE AP EXAM
  • Slide 2
  • THE RENAISSANCE
  • Slide 3
  • ITALIAN RENAISSANCE Perspective Geometric structure Humanism Individualism Individual artists Portraits Private patrons Tension between religious and secular Landscapes Classic Themes in painting, sculpture, architecture Influence of Greece and Rome Religious Themes (often painted in Renaissance time)
  • Slide 4
  • Slide 5
  • EXAMPLES
  • Slide 6
  • Slide 7
  • Slide 8
  • Massacio Note persepctive
  • Slide 9
  • Slide 10
  • Slide 11
  • Slide 12
  • DA VINCI ST ANNE
  • Slide 13
  • Slide 14
  • Arnolfini Marriage: PortraitMarriage ContractSigns he was a businessman Presence of artist in mirrorDog=fidelity
  • Slide 15
  • THE BAROQUE The Renaissance continues Add: Art of Counter Reformation Art of Spain Passion Classic Themes Velasquez El Greco
  • Slide 16
  • ST PETERS BASILICA HOW DID IT LEAD TO LUTHERS REFORMATION?
  • Slide 17
  • HOW DOES THE CREATION EMBODY HUMANISM, IDEAS OF FREE WILL AND RELIGIOUS THEMES?
  • Slide 18
  • EL ESCORIAL: HOW DOES IT REFLECT THE VALUES OF PHILLIP II?
  • Slide 19
  • EL GRECO VIEW FROM TOLEDO
  • Slide 20
  • Slide 21
  • WHO WAS THE SPANISH COURT FAVORITE? GRECO OR VELASQUEZ?
  • Slide 22
  • Slide 23
  • ART OF THE NETHERLANDS 17 th CENTURY Smaller houses=smaller pictures Scenes of everyday life with a message The fragility of life in the Netherlands (Low Lands Historical paintings, portraits Rembrandt, Vermeer Renaissance themes and values
  • Slide 24
  • THE NIGHT WATCH 1642REMBRANDT ON GUARD AGAINST THE ENEMY WHO WOULD THAT BE IN 1642
  • Slide 25
  • REMBRANDT: ARISTOTLE CONTEMPLATING THE BUST OF HOMER? WHAT RENAISSANCE-HUMANISTIC VALUES ARE REFLECTED HERE
  • Slide 26
  • VERMEER: DELFT WHAT DOES THIS TELL US ABOUT LIFE IN 17 th c. NETHERLANDS?
  • Slide 27
  • VERMEER: ASTRONOMER AND GEOGRAPHER WHAT DOES THIS SAY ABOUT 17 th c. DUTCH?5
  • Slide 28
  • MEANWHILEIN FRANCE AND ELSEWHERE PETER PAUL RUBENS GIVES THE NEW MONARCHS THE LOOK THEY LIKE
  • Slide 29
  • Rubens: THE LION HUNT
  • Slide 30
  • Caravaggio teaches us about light/dark and contrast SUPPER AT EMMANUS
  • Slide 31
  • AGE OF LOUIS XIV
  • Slide 32
  • VERSAILLES Compare to El Escorial
  • Slide 33
  • THE HALL OF MIRRORS REFLECTED WHOSE IMAGE HOW DOES THIS PLAY INTO ABSOLUTISM?
  • Slide 34
  • LOUIS XIV and the SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION SCIENCE and STATE BUILDING
  • Slide 35
  • Louis XIV as Sun King
  • Slide 36
  • ART OF THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY GENRE PAINTINGS Continuing the Dutch idea of painting everyday life Art of the Enlightenment-the values of the Enlightenment Return to classical (Greco-Roman) themes
  • Slide 37
  • Chardin What can you surmise about this individual?
  • Slide 38
  • Fragonard THE READER
  • Slide 39
  • DAVID: OATH OF THE HORATII How did this picture reflect the ideals and problems of France in 1784 Clue: Concept of dying for Republic
  • Slide 40
  • ROMANTICISM late 18 th and most f 19 th depending where you were Reaction to Age of Reason
  • Slide 41
  • 19 th C. ROMANTICISM Emotion rules over reason Fascination with middle ages Nature as natural Beginnings resistance to Renaissance rules of perspective Man in nature Fascination with things oriental (inspired by Napoleon in Egypt and later, especially when France takes over North Africa Mixes in with nationalism, realism
  • Slide 42
  • ARTISTS AND OTHERS Art: INGRES, DELACROIX, GERICAULT,COURBET (realistic), FRIEDRICH, TURNER, CONSTABLE
  • Slide 43
  • NINETEENTH CENTURY ART TO 1870ish
  • Slide 44
  • DELACOIX LIBERTY LEADING THE WAY (1830 Revolution)
  • Slide 45
  • Massacre at Chios Europeans Support the Revolution in Greece Shows weakness of Metternich system. HOW?
  • Slide 46
  • REALISM COURBET FUNERAL AT ORNAIS REAL PEOPLE IN REAL TIME
  • Slide 47
  • IMPRESSIONISM Influence of photographycapturing a moment in time Light as a subject of art (long influential but perhaps never a subject on its own) Breakdown of traditional ideas of perspective Parallels the French Rev and Industrial Rev and breakdown of tradition structures as they are replaced by new ones
  • Slide 48
  • IMPRESSIONISM continued Subjects are real places/people in real time; Scenes are often in the countryside but more often than not are records of city life Short lived but influential; gives rise to many other movements and finally modern art Important artists: Manet, Monet,Morisot (woman); Degas, Lautrec
  • Slide 49
  • MONET Gare St. Lazare How did the steam engine and railways change European life in the late 19 th century (post 1860)
  • Slide 50
  • HOW DOES THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION CHANGE THE LANDSCAPE? Painting by MONET
  • Slide 51
  • RENOIR: Moulin de la Galette What is Renoir telling us about the working class in this painting?
  • Slide 52
  • DEGAS: THE IRONERS Who are these women? How do they tell us about late 19 th century women?
  • Slide 53
  • CHANGING PERSPECTIVES BEGINNING OF MODERN ART CEZANNE
  • Slide 54
  • HOW DOES CEZANNE CHALLENGE RULES OF PERSPECTIVE?
  • Slide 55
  • CEZANNE: CARD PLAYERS HOW DOES CEZANNE CHALLENGE US VISUALLY AND INTELLECTUALLY HOW DOES HE FIT IN TO LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY REALITY?
  • Slide 56
  • MODERN ART HOW DO PICASSO AND BRAQUES BUILD ON TRADITION AND CHALLENGE IT HOW DO THEY REFLECT A BREAKDOWN OF TRADITIONAL FORMS IN THE LATE NINETEENTH AND EARLY 20 th CENTURIES
  • Slide 57
  • CUBISM Pre WWI
  • Slide 58
  • Picasso: Demoiselle dAvignon
  • Slide 59
  • Bracques Paintings/collage with Picasso CUBISM
  • Slide 60
  • PIERRE MATISSE
  • Slide 61
  • THIS IS BY NO MEANS DEFINITIVE BUT IT SHOULD GIVE YOU SOME IDEA OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ART AND THE TIMES

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