art & architecture of pompeii and herculanium house of pansa house of the vettii villa of the...
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Slide 2 Art & Architecture of Pompeii and Herculanium House of Pansa House of the Vettii Villa of the mysteries House of the Faun Harbour Scene from Stabiae the Lost Ram Perseus and Andromeda Death of Penthius The Trojan horse Portrait of Terentius neo & wife Dionysiac frieze villa of the Mysteries Wall from Villa Publius Fannius Sinistor Portrait of a Woman Alexander Mosaic Nilotic scene Sorceress & client Slide 3 79AD DESTRUCTION buried under 10m of ash and remained so for 1700 yrs. A time capsule into the life of 1 st century Romans in a holiday area of Campania. Pompeians didnt become Roman citizens until 89BC and by 79AD Roman culture overlay the earlier culture of the Osci and Samnite tribes. Greeks had occupied the southern part of Italy since 5 th century BC so there was an influence of Hellenism in Pompeii and Herculanium. Slide 4 PUBLIC BUILDINGS: Temples, Basilicas (palaces). Fine decoration and architecture PRIVATE BUILDINGS: As today, homes reflected socio-economic status: Poor lived in high rise apartments (Insulae) in 4 th century Rome there were 46000 of them housing more than of a million people. In Pompei (pop 20,000) the poor lived in flats above shops and richer houses. Wealthy lived in Domus (stand alone houses built around an open atrium inward looking) or luxurious villae (grand with seaviews, terrace, porticoes, large windows) on the outskirts of town or surrounding countryside overlooking the bay of Naples. Slide 5 The Elite Domus Typical elite houses evolved from Etruscan atrium-style houses, with the addition of Greek style peristyle (colonnaded) gardens. Usually were one floor, with a main reception room (atrium) surrounded by bedrooms (cubicula), dining room (triclinium), record room/office (tablinum). Slide 6 Palatine Hill, 6th c. BCE House Slide 7 The Roman domus DOMUS Roof opening letting in light (and rain) Fauces or vestibulum Atrium visitors room Outer Wall Domus was inward facing. Culina Kitchens Peristylium courtyard with trees, fountains, statues, surrounded by columns (colonnade) Triclinium dining room. Tablinum Study. Horta garden Triclinium summer dining room. Oecusspare room. Taberna rented out shop or workplace. Cubiculum bedrooms Impluvium - pool directly below roof opening Upper rooms, often sublet to tenants. Exedraoutdoor sitting or eating Slide 8 Sample Plan of a Roman House (Domus) V vestibulumT taberna C cubiculum/cubicula L latrina A atriumAlalae Ta tablinumCu culina Tri tricliniumPperistylium E exedra L Slide 9 Slide 10 Pompeii, House Entrance The Faucis (entrance way) Slide 11 Entrance, House of Menander Slide 12 House of Menander, View from Fauces to Peristyle Garden Slide 13 Reception room, often with an opening in the ceiling with an impluvium below. Contained the family gods (Lares and Penates), imagines (masks of the ancestors), symbolic marriage bed. Women of the house (or their slaves) may have wool-worked there. The Atrium Slide 14 Slide 15 Atrium, House of the Silver Wedding, Pompeii Slide 16 Lararium The Lararium Slide 17 Bronze Lar, found in a SW corner of an atrium, Pompeii Slide 18 Herculaneum Lararium contained lars (symbols or masks of ancestors), & penates (gods of the household Slide 19 Loom Reconstruction Slide 20 The Masters Study containing the family records wax tablets (Tabulae) the Household Safe (Arca) Scrolls The Masters Study containing the family records wax tablets (Tabulae) the Household Safe (Arca) Scrolls The Tablinum Slide 21 House of the Faun Tablinum Slide 22 Detail of the Mosaic Floor Slide 23 Tabula and Writing Materials Slide 24 Lucernae, Oil Lamps Slide 25 Scrolls in Capsa Slide 26 A tablinum wall-painting Slide 27 The Culina Slide 28 Roman Kitchen, Reconstruction Slide 29 View of an Ancient Kitchen Slide 30 Ancient Glassware Slide 31 Roman Cooking Utensils in Bronze Slide 32 The Latrina (Ancient Roman Toilet) Fun on a cold morning! Slide 33 Latrina Closeup Slide 34 Cubicula (Bedrooms) Slide 35 Roman Beds Slide 36 Pompeii, House of the Centaur, Cubiculum Reconstruction Slide 37 Triclinium (Dining Room) Slide 38 Pompeii, Triclinium Slide 39 Dining Room - Summer Slide 40 Pompeii, Candelabrum Slide 41 Triclinium, The Dining Room Slide 42 Triclinium Slide 43 Slide 44 Roman Seating Slide 45 Roman Marble Table Slide 46 Pompeii, Bronze Table Slide 47 Pompeii, Roman Glass Slide 48 Roman Lamps Slide 49 Roman Couches Slide 50 Peristyle Court Slide 51 Peristylium with Birdbath and Hortus Slide 52 Slide 53 Peristylium with Piscina (Fish Pond) Slide 54 Walled Peristylium Slide 55 Outdoor Fountain Slide 56 Frontal View of the Fountain and Statue. Note the Intricate Mosaic Work Slide 57 O u t D o o r Lararium Slide 58 Tintinnabulum, Pompeii Slide 59 Villa at Boscoreale, Reconstruction Slide 60 Cubiculum, Boscoreale Slide 61 Herculaneum 3 Storey House Slide 62 Pompeii Street Plan Slide 63 Pompeii Houses with Vesuvius View Slide 64 Slide 65 http://pompeya.desdeinter.net/pompeya.htm Slide 66 Villa at Settefinestre Slide 67 Settefinestre House Plan Slide 68 Houses of the Poor Poorer working people lived in rooms behind or above their places of work. The elite often rented out the front rooms of their houses, on either side of the entrances, for use as shops, workrooms, or restaurants, often with living space included. The lower classes also lived in apartment buildings (insulae). Slide 69 Insulae Slide 70 Slide 71 Slide 72 Slide 73 Domus Romana