Assignment 8 narrative theory

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<p>Assignment 8: Narrative Theory</p> <p>Assignment 8: Narrative Theory</p> <p>Chelsea Fashole-Luke</p> <p>Part A: Todorovs Theory</p> <p>Suggests there are 5 stages of narrative:</p> <p>Equilibrium</p> <p>Disequilibrium</p> <p>Recognition of disequilibrium</p> <p>Attempt to repair disequilibrium</p> <p>New equilibrium</p> <p>Task 1:</p> <p>Todorov task:</p> <p>Task 2:<br />(To identify Todorovs theory in relation to a film)</p> <p>Normal teenage guy decides to take the law into his own hands after being attacked one too many times.</p> <p>Teams up with Big Daddy and Hit Girl to take on the big gang leaders of the city.</p> <p>Equilibrium</p> <p>We are shown a normal high school as a wide shot.</p> <p>A normal group of friends.</p> <p>A stereotypical class at a school.</p> <p>Main character: average teenager</p> <p>Disequilibrium</p> <p>Gangs and knife/gun crime consumes the city.</p> <p>Innocent victims are robbed</p> <p>Victims are left unable to do anything about assaults.</p> <p>Stereotypical street thugs</p> <p>Defenceless victims</p> <p>Recognition of disequilibrium</p> <p>Regular teenager buys a costume in order to tackle the street crime and little problems in the city</p> <p>Gangs are seen as the main problems.</p> <p>The main character Kick-Ass attempts to take on gangs involved in drug crime.</p> <p>Hero costume: mask included</p> <p>Victim being beaten up by gang</p> <p>Weapons and costume: typical hero props</p> <p>Attempt to repair disequilibrium</p> <p>Younger character Hit Girl is skilled in fighting and highly trained in using big weapons.</p> <p>Kick-Ass and Hit Girl team up to take on the much bigger gangs who run the city.</p> <p>The use of superhero disguises and high-tech weapons aid them in the battle between good and bad.</p> <p>Wig and mask to hide identity.</p> <p>Guns and jetpack</p> <p>New equilibrium</p> <p>New friendship formed after working together to put a stop to the crimes.</p> <p>Another shot of the school, this time everything has changed.</p> <p>Hit Girl aka- Mindy, starts a new life as a normal girl and goes to school for the first time.</p> <p>Everyone ends up happy at the end.</p> <p>Part B: Levi-Strauss</p> <p>Believed the world is described in binary opposites:</p> <p>Day/night</p> <p>Light/dark</p> <p>Good/bad</p> <p>Male/female</p> <p>Genre: drama</p> <p>Genre: horror</p> <p>Genre: action</p> <p>Genre: sci-fi</p> <p>Genre: thriller</p> <p>Part C: Barthes</p> <p>Barthes theory of codes encourages the audience to seek answers and clues to make them anticipate outcomes.</p> <p>Identified by these codes:Enigma Code</p> <p>Action Code</p> <p>Semantic Code</p> <p>Symbolic Code</p> <p>Cultural Code</p> <p>Enigma Code</p> <p>Narratives are set up as puzzles to be solved by the audience.</p> <p>Portrays a mystery and raises questions to draw in the audience.</p> <p>Enigma Code: Detention Trailer</p> <p>The trailer shows a mysterious knife wielding character.</p> <p>The same character reappears later in the trailer.</p> <p>We want to know where this axe came from and who it was thrown by.</p> <p>The partially hidden face causing the audience to wonder who this killer is.</p> <p>Action Code</p> <p>These are codes of behaviours and actions that lead the audience to expect certain consequences based on the conventions of other similar films or stories.</p> <p>Action Code: The Journey To The Centre Of The Earth</p> <p>Action:Taking shelter during a storm in a cave.Assumption:They will get trapped inside.</p> <p>Action:Accidently discover a new world.Assumption:Will go on an adventure, make new discoveries and find out more about themselves and each other.</p> <p>Semantic Code</p> <p>Barthes semantic code contains connotative meanings of objects, characters and locations.</p> <p>We learn about the connotations and denotations through experience.</p> <p>Iconographic features work in the same way.</p> <p>Semantic Code: Pirates Of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides</p> <p>Ocean: usually connotes a world of possibilities.Blue: connotes calm and cleanliness.</p> <p>Skeleton and flames connote death, risk and danger.</p> <p>Isolated island has the connotation of loneliness and absence of presence.</p> <p>Semantic Code: Pirates Of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides</p> <p>Scruffy hair partially covered with cloth or bandanna is stereotypical in pirate films.</p> <p>Bad Guy is usually disfigured or heavily tattooed/pierced in pirate movies.</p> <p>Sword wielding pirate at the top of the pirate hierarchy.</p> <p>Conventional Swashbuckler.</p> <p>Iconographic pirate movie.</p> <p>Symbolic Code</p> <p>Often signifies oppositions and antithesis.</p> <p>The evil lions are shown in a darker light by the dark shades of their fur</p> <p>The good lions are represented with a lighter shade of fur and are made to look less intimidating.</p> <p>Cultural Code</p> <p>Outside of text and knowledge we commonly share to bring understanding of the meaning in the text.</p> <p>In the 2011 modern adaption of Footloose, the main character owns an iPod, something that wasnt in the original film.</p> <p>They also race old buses, as opposed to tractors, like in the original film.</p> <p>Part D: Propp</p> <p>Studied folklore, fairy tales and legends in many countries.</p> <p>He formed a theory about 7 distinctive character types, also known as the 7 Spheres Of Action:Hero</p> <p>Villain</p> <p>Dispatcher</p> <p>Donor</p> <p>helper</p> <p>False Hero</p> <p>Heroine</p> <p>Hero</p> <p>On a quest or search:</p> <p>Frodo Baggins</p> <p>Villain</p> <p>Opposes the hero:</p> <p>Sauron (the dark Lord)</p> <p>Dispatcher</p> <p>Starts the hero on their journey to restore disequilibrium:</p> <p>Gandalf</p> <p>Donor</p> <p>Helps the hero by giving him a magic tool or gift to help on the journey:</p> <p>Helper</p> <p>Helps the hero in restoring the equilibrium:</p> <p>False Hero</p> <p>Is initially on the heros side before turning against him:</p> <p>Heroine</p> <p>Threatened by the villain, needs to be saved by the hero:</p> <p>Part E: Other Terms</p> <p>Diegesis</p> <p>Narrative Range</p> <p>Unrestricted narration</p> <p>Restricted narration</p> <p>Narrative Depth</p> <p>Objective character identification</p> <p>Subjective character identification</p> <p>Diegesis</p> <p>The internal world created by a story in which the characters live in, that they themselves experience and encounter.</p> <p>We only see a section of this world within the film.</p> <p>The diegetic elements make up the diegetic world.</p> <p>Narrative Range</p> <p>UnrestrictedNarration</p> <p>Narrative that has no limit to the amount of information it gives out.</p> <p>The information given to the audience is unrestricted</p> <p>Eg. News bulletins</p> <p>RestrictedNarration</p> <p>The narrative only offers minimal information.</p> <p>Hides someinformation from the audience, sometimes to create an enigma.</p> <p>Eg. thrillers</p> <p>Narrative Depth</p> <p>Objective CharacterIdentification</p> <p>The viewer is uniquely given access to a characters point of view.</p> <p>Eg. Seeing things such as a characters dreams, memories or thoughts.</p> <p>Subjective CharacterIdentification</p> <p>The viewer is uniquely given access to what a range of characters can see or do.</p> <p>Eg. 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