assistive technology

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Assistive Technology


  • 1. +Assistive TechnologyBrandy PanagosTechnology and Education

2. +What is it? Assistive technology is defined as any item, piece ofequipment, or product system, whether acquired commerciallyoff the shelf, modified, or customized that is used to increase,maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of a child with adisability. 3. +Law The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of2004 (IDEA 04) defines an assistive technology device as anyitem, piece of equipment, or product system, that is used toincrease, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of a childand specifically excludes a medical device that is surgicallyimplanted or the replacement of such device (e.g., a cochlearimplant). IDEA 04 requires IEP teams to consider whether AT devices andservices are needed to accomplish the individualized goals andobjectives for students with disabilities. Most broadly, school personnel must make certain that studentshave access to needed AT if they are to ensure that all studentshave access to a free appropriate public education (FAPE). 4. +Real World Consideration Will the school fail to recommend assistive technologyaccommodations due to cost, lack of training, or fear ofinterrupting the general classroom environment? Are they generally unaware of the existence of emergingassistive technology? 5. +Hearing Impaired An audio loop, infrared system,and an FM system are examplesof assistive technology thatenhance sound reception. An audio loop works withcochlear implants and useselectromagnetic signals in theimplant. An infrared system uses light tocarry sound to a receiver. An FM system uses radio wavesto carry sound to a personalreceiver. 6. +Seeing Impaired Video magnifiers, braille technology,and speech systems are examples ofassistive technologies for the seeingimpaired. Video magnifiers are use a camera toproject magnified images onto a TV orcomputer monitor. Subjects can zoomas needed. Braille displays, printers, andnotetakers facilitate the input andoutput of information using braille. Speech systems consist ofsynthesizers and screen readers thatprovide audible information on theweb. 7. +Learning Disabled Apps or standalone software examples of assistive technologyfor the learning disabled. Text-recognition software can read text aloud. Speech recognition software turns spoken language into writtenlanguage. Talking calculators can help students with math. Apps like Popplet, IStudiezPro, iAnnotate can also helpstudents organize themselves, think through an assignment, oranalyze difficult material. 8. +Physically Disabled Speech recognition software,Intellikeys, or SmartNav4, orapps can help physicallydisabled students. Each technology meetsstudents on a level consistentwith their mobility or needs. Head wands, sticky keys, andeye tracking devices can alsobe helpful. 9. +Final Thoughts Assistive technologies exist to level the playing field forstudents with disabilities. New technologies are emerging in each area all the time. Teachers should strive to understand students assistivetechnologies in order to best meet the needs of each student. Not all assistive technologies involve high-tech devices. Someassistive devices include furniture modifications and writinginstrument modifications. Many websites and apps can help facilitate learninginexpensively or for free. 10. +Reference American Foundation for the Blind. Assistive Technology Training Online, Buffalo. (2000). Introduction to AT: Basic technologies.Retrieved on July 20, 2010,from Authority: 20 U.S.C 1401(1) or IDEA Amendments of 2004. P.L. 108-446, 20 U.S.C. S 1400 etseq., 300.5 General Medical Council. Assistive Technologies for People with Physical Impairments. Hearing Loss Association of America. The IRIS Center for Training Enhancements. (2010). Assistive Technology: An Overview.Retrieved on [month, day, year] from National Center for Learning Disabilities.