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  • Attracting, Developing & Retaining

    Automotive Talent in Michigan

    Kristin Dziczek

    Director, Industry & Labor Group

    CAR Industry Briefing

    23 June 2015

  • The Research

    Attracting & retaining world-class talent is one of the three main pillars of the MEDC Automotive Strategic Plan

    CAR examined automotive industry talent needs for:

    Engineers

    Technicians

    Designers

    Software Developers

    Skilled Trades

    Production

    The needs were related to five areas of technological change:

    Connected & automated vehicles

    Lightweight & multi-material vehicles

    Powertrain & propulsion

    Advanced manufacturing systems

    Supply chain & logistics

    We looked two, five & ten years out at:

    Anticipated hiring & attrition

    Organizational hiring & training practices

    Required knowledge & skills

    Desired education & training

  • Methodology

    One-on-one structured interviews and data collection:

    Five automakers, representing 63% of U.S. sales (including the four largest in North America)

    Eight automotive suppliers, representing over $36 Billion in North American OE sales

    Four emerging technology companies

    Engineering hiring managers, HR executives, technical leads

    Literature review

    Data

    Proprietary CAR databases

    Proprietary company data

    State & Federal government data

    Commercially-available data

  • U.S. Vehicle Production & Automotive Employment

    Forecasts: 2015-2018

    2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

    Vehicle Production 11,100,000 11,600,000 12,000,000 12,300,000 12,100,000 12,100,000

    Automotive Employment 686,100 736,000 760,000 780,000 760,000 760,000

    500,000

    600,000

    700,000

    800,000

    10,000,000

    10,500,000

    11,000,000

    11,500,000

    12,000,000

    Emp

    loym

    en

    t

    Pro

    du

    ctio

    n

    Source: Automotive News; Center for Automotive Research; BLS

  • Michigan Vehicle Production & Automotive

    Employment Forecasts: 2013 2018

    2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

    Vehicle Production 2,439,819 2,356,510 2,446,588 2,483,121 2,558,863 2,611,947

    Automotive Employment 154,100 158,700 165,000 167,000 172,000 175,000

    100,000

    110,000

    120,000

    130,000

    140,000

    150,000

    160,000

    170,000

    180,000

    2,200,000

    2,250,000

    2,300,000

    2,350,000

    2,400,000

    2,450,000

    2,500,000

    2,550,000

    2,600,000

    2,650,000

    Emp

    loym

    en

    t

    Pro

    du

    ctio

    n

    Source: LMC-Automotive; BLS; Center for Automotive Research

  • FCA, Ford & GM Total U.S. Employment

    2001 2018

    304

    287 279

    261 250

    213

    176

    140

    114 115 114 120 135

    142 147 147 145 145

    105 100 98 95 90 85 74

    62 56 59 62 67

    77 81 85 85 83 84

    25.8% 26.7%

    28.6%

    30.6%

    33.8%

    35.8% 36.5% 36.5% 36.5%

    0

    50

    100

    150

    200

    250

    300

    3502

    00

    1

    20

    02

    20

    03

    20

    04

    20

    05

    20

    06

    20

    07

    20

    08

    20

    09

    20

    10

    20

    11

    20

    12

    20

    13

    20

    14

    20

    15

    20

    16

    20

    17

    20

    18

    Emp

    loye

    es (

    Tho

    usa

    nd

    s)

    Hourly Salaried Salaried Share of Employment

    Source: Center for Automotive Research

  • FCA, Ford & GM Total Michigan Employment

    2001 2018

    137

    129 125

    117 111

    97

    81

    65

    57 54 54 56

    64 61 63

    64 66 67

    77 72 71 70 68 65

    58

    49 45 46

    49 53

    60 62 63 64 63 64

    35.9% 37.4%

    40.3%

    43.2%

    46.1% 48.4%

    50.5% 50.0% 49.0%

    0

    20

    40

    60

    80

    100

    120

    140

    16020

    01

    2002

    200

    3

    2004

    2005

    2006

    2007

    2008

    2009

    2010

    2011

    201

    2

    2013

    2014

    2015

    2016

    2017

    2018

    Emp

    loye

    es (

    Tho

    usa

    nd

    s)

    MI Hourly MI Salaried Salaried Share

    Source: Center for Automotive Research

  • Students Graduating from Michigan Schools

    2002-2020

    0

    50,000

    100,000

    150,000

    200,000

    250,000

    2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020

    Nu

    mb

    er o

    f G

    rad

    uat

    es

    High School Associate Bachelor

    Source: National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and Center for Automotive Research estimates 2015

  • Automotive Related Degree Completions per

    100,000 (2011-2012)

    0

    5

    10

    15

    20

    25

    30

    35

    40

    45

    Nu

    mb

    er

    of

    De

    gre

    es

    pe

    r 1

    00

    ,00

    0

    National Michigan Region

    Design Computer/ Electrical Engineering Technologies

    Math & Statistics

    Physical Sciences

    Computer/ Electrical Engineering

    Engineering Technology & Related Fields

    Engineering Other

    Mechanic/ Repair Technologies

    Computer & Information Sciences

    Source: National Center for Education Statistics

    Includes Bachelors Degrees and Above

  • Automotive Related Degree Completions in

    Michigan by Category, 2011-2012

    Computer and Information Sciences

    24%

    Mechanic and Repair Technologies/Technicians

    13%

    Engineering Technologies and Engineering-related

    Fields 12%

    Computer/Electrical Engineering

    11%

    Engineering, Mechanical 9%

    Engineering Other 6%

    Mathematics and Statistics 5%

    Computer/ Electrical Engineering Technologies

    5%

    Physical Sciences 5%

    Engineering, Civil 3%

    Engineering, Industrial 3%

    Engineering, Chemical 3%

    Design 1%

    Includes Bachelors Degrees and Above

    Source: National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and Center for Automotive Research estimates 2015

  • Top States with CAV Related Degree Completions

    (Bachelor or Higher) in 2011-2012

    17,479

    11,999

    9,551 8,794

    7,425 6,435

    5,424 5,313 4,903 4,822 4,808 4,102 4,010 3,865

    0

    2,000

    4,000

    6,000

    8,000

    10,000

    12,000

    14,000

    16,000

    18,000

    20,000

    CA NY TX PA IL FL VA MA MI MD OH AZ NC GA

    Nu

    mb

    er

    of

    De

    gre

    e C

    om

    ple

    tio

    ns

    Source: National Center for Education Statistics

  • The Challenge to Find Talent

    Plenty of applicants; but applicants with the desired skills are hard to find

    Difficulty filling positions

    Only 40% of positions filled in the last 12 months

    80 day average per positionabout 20-35 days too long

    80% of respondents have difficulty finding talent in the region

    50% say talent is hard to find anywhere

    So, moving the job to another location is not always a solution

    Suppliers are competing with their customers for talent

    Source: Center for Automotive Research interviews with automakers & supplier executives

  • Recent Auto Industry Hiring by State/Region

    Over 30,000 job postings in 15 months

    Nearly half of all jobs posted are located in Michigan (in line with historical trends)

    Job postings are not 1-to-1 related to positions hired

    Source: Labor/Insight Jobs

    MI 14,056

    46%

    OH 1,824

    6%

    IL 958 3%

    IN 900 3%

    TX 2,029

    7%

    NC 894 3%

    TN 757 3%

    KY 725 2%

    CA 1,057

    4%

    WA 1,043

    3%

    17,738 58%

    4,405 15%

    2,100 7%

    6,086 20%

    South

    Other States

    Midwest West

  • Top Employers in the United States and Michigan Auto and Parts Manufacturing Jobs (by postings): January 1, 2014 2015 YTD

    6,185

    4,903

    2,199

    1,788

    1,557

    1,404

    1,366

    899

    759

    723

    4,261

    4,633

    322

    1,040

    825

    -

    52

    597

    569

    466

    0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000

    GM

    Ford

    Chevrolet

    TRW

    Federal Mogul

    Honda

    Mitsubishi

    FCA

    Continental

    Daimler

    Job Postings

    United States

    Michigan

    Source: Labor/Insight Jobs

    n = 30,329

  • Source: Labor/Insight Jobs

    Top Job Titles Auto and Parts Manufacturing Jobs (by postings) in the United States: 2014

    and 2015 YTD

    546 509

    363 211

    202 199

    190 284

    225 191

    281 234

    191 174

    96 103

    54 43

    35 82

    39 126

    53 39 42 38

    150 44

    Manufacturing

    Systems

    Quality

    Process

    Electrical

    Software Development

    Mechanical

    Auto Technician

    Production Supervisor

    Maintenance Supervisor

    Buyer

    Business Analyst