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  • Australian Research Integrity in the Asian Century

    Dr Daniel Barr Dr Paul Taylor Manager – Integrity, Ethics, Biosafety Director, RIGS Deakin University RMIT University

  • Outline

    • Recent changes to research integrity in Australia

    • Towards an Asia and Asia-Pacific research integrity exchange program

    • Harmonisation of research integrity initiatives in Asia and Asia-Pacific • Positive impacts of small research integrity networks • Targets for exchange

  • Key terms • Research

    • Systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions

    • Research integrity • Usually a set of principles and responsibilities to guide research such that the

    process and products of the research can be trusted • Integrity of the research process • Integrity of research itself

    • Research ethics • A framework that allows for assessment of research proposals that intended

    to protect participants or animals. Research can be approved if the risks faced by participants or the welfare impacts on animals are outweighed by potential benefits

  • RHF joins SUEED to work on Mills Cross

    Collaboration with Bernie Mills

    commenced - RHF joins group - also

    works with Hanbury Brown

    Johns Perry Sy dney Engineering

    etc

    Dav e McGrath joins RP

    Dav e Skellern joins Macquarie as Prof of

    Electronics

    Neil Weste recruited to Macquarie

    JA joins RP to run

    GaAs Prog

    License f or technologies

    Radiata f ormed by Dav e , Neil

    and Terry

    JOS joins RP to

    run SP Prog

    Chin Kwong leav es to

    start company

    Paul Jackson completes PhD Graham Daniels mov es as wellChris Joins SUEED

    Looks f or Big Project to prov ide PG training

    Bernie Mills joins SU Phy sics - gets US f unding

    Graham Daniels joins CSIRO

    TP Joins RP

    Work started on FST

    DNC and Geof f Poulton mov e to new

    program

    RHF completes PhD - joins FST project and academic staf f and superv ises students

    Join O'Sulliv an joins News Ltd

    then Radiata

    RHF Joins RP with plan f or rebuilding RP

    1980

    Australia Telescope

    Proposal and f unding

    CSIRO VLSI Program

    Craig Mudge

    Signal Processing

    Antennas

    Microwav e circuits and GaAs Program

    AT Antenna Design under

    DNC - Asst Chief - ex Interscan

    OTC Antennas Gnangarra and

    Vietnam $100M estimated return to Australia (Peter Meulman)

    Jon Ables Correlator Chip Dev elopment

    Warwick Wilson dev elops correlator

    Australia Telescope

    VLSI Design capability f rom VLSI program

    FFT Chip Design

    FFT Chip John O'Sulliv an IR&D f unding

    Dav e McGrath and Brian

    Connolly start Lake DSP $30 M Cap

    A4 Chip f or audio applications Accusound

    Loudspeakers

    IEEE Standard

    Funding f or collab program with RP

    through Macquarie JRC

    RADIATA gets START f unding

    and Dev elops chip

    AUSTEK Microsy stems

    Fleurs Giv en to SUEED

    Dev elopment of FST as basis f or EE PhD projects

    Mills Cross commenced

    Chris inv olv es Ron Aitchison, Cy ril Murray an Ian Docherty in

    new projects

    Summit Sy stems Datamax

    Dav e Skellern completes PhD - sets up Comms Lab at SUEED -

    establishes collaborations with

    HP etc

    John O'Sulliv an completes PhD

    and goes to Holland

    JDOS' PLANS Program - FFT techniques in

    Wireless Networks

    CSIRO Div of Radiophy sics

    circa 1960

    RHF AWA, OTC,

    Ducon

    Radiata demonstrates chip

    - bought out by CISCO $600M

    Aussat Antennas Galaxy antennas

    etc Multibeam antennas

    Radiata builds up staf f ing

    Neil Weste completes PhD in Adelaide and goes

    to USA to Bell Labs, Sy mbolics then TLW

    Neil Weste writes now classic book on

    CMOS design with KE

    Transconductance Multiplier

    Exicom 38 GHz links

    A Cosmic Genealogy

    1991 strategy meeting

    John Archer completes PhD

    and goes to USA

    Summit taken ov er by Datacraf t

    Terry Perciv al completes PhD, joins AT project

    then OTC

    Continuing RA program,

    ref urbishing Parkes + NASA +

    ESA etc, etc

    Foundations

    Strategy

    Parkes Telescope completed

    Culgoora Raf ioheliograph

    Interscan

    Def ense contracts

    Triune startup (f ailed)

    Corrugated f eed horn - BMT

    Wireless Lan Patent - O'Sulliv an, Perciv al,

    Deane, Ostry , Daniels

    Mead Conway

    Neil Weste President of Sy mbolics

    Radioastronomy

    Cochlear implant

    Cat videos on smartphones

    Allied Forces WWII radar

    Credit: Dr Bob Frater AO FAA FTSE

    Research is predictably unpredictable

  • • Research always has impact • The impact of research is predictably unpredictable • Because of this we must be able to trust research

    • Research integrity makes research trustworthy and excellent

    • Research integrity also: • Underpins the positive impact of research • Is the norm

    Why does research integrity matter?

  • The principles of research integrity are

    • Honesty and accountability in all aspects of research.

    • Professional courtesy and fairness in working with others.

    • Good stewardship of research on behalf of others.

    The Singapore Statement on Research Integrity

  • The principles of research integrity are translated into practice by humans (researchers) working in a complex system of expectations and traditions

    • Moral compass • Personality traits • Cultural background • Skills and experience • Education and training • Mentoring and supervision • Research discipline or area • Local settings for research • Institution • Funding source and regulation • Publisher

  • Adherence to regulation Working safely

    Demonstration of respect for participants, animals, environment Rigour and objectivity

    Scholarly writing Management of research data

    Sharing research data Publication and communication of research

    Citation of the work of others Acknowledgment of contributions to research

    Authorship Peer review

    Conflict of interest management Supervision and mentorship of research trainees

    Research integrity education and training Accuracy in research proposals

    Use of research funds Dual use of research

    Raising concerns about the integrity of research

    Excellent Conduct Responsible Conduct Research integrity practice

  • Fabrication

    Responsible conduct

    Falsification

    Plagiarism

    Increasing Breach Research integrity

    practice

    Excellent conduct

    Research Misconduct

    Not Research Misconduct

    Various?

  • Fabrication

    Responsible conduct

    Falsification

    Plagiarism

    Increasing Breach Research integrity

    practice

    Excellent conduct

    Various?

    Research Integrity BreachNo Breach

  • • The national guideline for research integrity, the “Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research (2007)” is currently under review

    • The latest consultation draft is significantly different as compared to the current Code

    • Concise • Principles-based and positive • Clarifies responsibilities for researchers and institutions • Does not use the term ‘research misconduct’ and instead expands the concept of

    ‘breach’. It has become similar to the Canadian Tri-Agencies RCR Framework. • Does not establish a central government body for oversight

    • The national code is interpreted and implemented differently by institutions – perhaps this will be more coordinated in the future?

    • Australian cultural considerations appear to be affecting the way researchers, institutions and government regulators are responding to research integrity – this is not well understood

  • https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Koyos

    • Asia – Largest and most populous continent

    • Diverse and dynamic research cultures

    • Increasing research activity, investment and output

    • Increasing focus on quality and excellence in research

    • Asia-Pacific research cultures add to this diversity

    More around the corner

  • Please consider the following "harmonised"

    research from Asia and Asia-Pacific

  • Which of the following published X-ray crystallography data are reported by researchers based in Asia and Asia-Pacific?

    a) b) c)

  • Which of the following published X-ray crystallography data are reported by researchers based in Asia and Asia-Pacific?

    Japan

    a)

    USA

    b)

    Singapore

    c)

  • Which of the following authorship contribution statements for articles recently published in the open access journal PLoS ONE are reported by researchers based in Asia and Asia-Pa

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