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  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Mark and his friends. (What about them?)

    Threw the baseball. (Who threw the baseball?)

    FRAGMENTS

    Around the corner. (Who is? What happened?)

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    A fragment is a group of words

    that does not express a complete

    thought. Something important is

    missing, and you are left wondering

    What is this about? or What happened?

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    A fragment may be missing a SUBJECT

    Threw the baseball. (Who threw the baseball?)

    A fragment may be missing a VERBMark and his friends. (What about them?)

    A fragment may be missing BOTHAround the corner. (Who was? What happened?)

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    You can correct a fragment by adding the

    missing part of speech.

    Add a subject: Rob threw the baseball.

    Add a verb: Mark and his friends laughed.

    Add both: A dog ran around the corner.

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Lets practice!

    Is this a sentence or a fragment?

    Delivered newspapers in the rain.

    Sentence Fragment

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    YES!

    It is a fragment. It is missing a subject.

    You could correct it by adding a subject:

    Tyler delivered newspapers in the rain.

    Try another one!

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Lets practice more!

    Is this a sentence or a fragment?

    Kevin and his dog.

    Sentence Fragment

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    YES!

    It is a fragment. It is missing a verb.

    You could correct it by adding a verb:

    Kevin and his dog went for a walk.

    Try another one!

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Lets practice more!

    Is this a sentence or a fragment?

    On Monday, we went outside for recess.

    Sentence Fragment

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Yes!

    It is a sentence.

    It has both a subject and a verb.

    On Monday, we went outside for recess.subject verb

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    A run-on is two thoughts put together in the same sentence. The two ideas

    may or may not be related. A run-on

    can be fixed by adding proper

    punctuation to separate the two

    complete thoughts.

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Tyler delivered newspapers in the rain he got very wet.

    Kevin and his dog went for a walk it was a beautiful day.

    On Monday we went outside for recess it was fun.

    Here are three examples of run-ons:

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    There are three ways to correct a run-on:

    1.Add a period and a capital letter.

    2.Add a semicolon.

    3.Add a comma and a conjunction.

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Lets correct a sentence using a period

    and a capital letter!

    Tyler delivered newspapers in the rain he got very wet. WRONG! RUN-ON!

    Tyler delivered newspapers in the rain. He got very wet. RIGHT! SENTENCES!

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Lets correct a sentence using a semicolon!

    Kevin and his dog went for a walk it was a beautiful day. WRONG! RUN-ON!

    Kevin and his dog went for a walk; it was a beautiful day. RIGHT! SENTENCES!

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    On Monday we went outside for recess it was fun. WRONG! RUN-ON!

    Lets correct a sentence using a comma

    and a conjunction!

    On Monday we went outside for recess,and it was fun. RIGHT! SENTENCES!

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Lets practice!

    Is this a sentence or a run-on?

    The kids had a snack they ate too much.

    Sentence Run-On

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Yes!

    It is a run-on!

    It has two separate thoughts with no punctuation separating them.

    Lets correct it with a period and capital letter:

    The kids had a snack they ate too much.

    The kids had a snack. They ate too much.

    Try another one!

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Lets practice more!

    Is this a sentence or a run-on?

    The couple danced they fell in love.

    Sentence Run-On

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Yes!

    It is a run-on!

    It has two separate thoughts with no punctuation separating them.

    Lets correct it with a comma and conjunction:

    The couple danced they fell in love.

    The couple danced, and they fell in love.

    Try another one!

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Lets practice more!

    Is this a sentence or a run-on?

    The pizza was hot it smelled so good.

    Sentence Run-On

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Sorry!

    It is a run-on.

    It has two separate thoughts with no punctuation separating them.

    Lets correct it with a semicolon:

    The pizza was hot it smelled so good.

    The pizza was hot; it smelled so good.

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Yes!

    It is a run-on!

    It has two separate thoughts with no punctuation separating them.

    Lets correct it with a semicolon:

    The pizza was hot it smelled so good.

    The pizza was hot; it smelled so good.

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Lets fix some run-ons now!

    First, youll be given a run-on.

    Then youll see three choices.

    Only one choice is a correct way

    to fix the run-on.

    Lets get started!

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    The sunset was beautiful we sat and watched.

    The sunset was beautiful we sat, and watched it.

    The sunset was beautiful. We sat and watched it.

    The sunset was beautiful, we sat and watched it.

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Right!

    This run-on needs to be separated

    BETWEEN

    the two complete thoughts.

    The sunset was beautiful we sat and watched it.

    Lets try another one!

    ---one complete thought----- --one complete thought--

    The sunset was beautiful. We sat and watched it.

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    The students took a test it was very hard.

    The students took a test, but it was very hard.

    The students took a test but it was very hard.

    The students took a test, it was very hard.

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Right!

    This run-on needs to be separated

    with a comma AND a conjunction.

    The students took a test, but it was very hard.

    Lets try another one!

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Sorry!

    A comma alone cannot fix a run-on.

    TO FIX A RUN-ON:

    1. A comma and conjunction

    2. A semicolon

    3. A period and a capital letter

    Go back and try again!

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    The boys ordered a pizza they didnt want olives on it.

    The boys ordered a pizza but they didnt want olives on it.

    The boys ordered a large pizza they didnt want olives on it.

    The boys ordered a pizza; they didnt want olives on it.

  • AVOIDINGFRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

    Right!

    A run-on can be corrected with a semicolon.

    The boys ordered a pizza; they didnt want olives on it.