ayn rand (1905 – 1982)

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Ayn Rand (1905 – 1982). Alan Greenspan, Chairman of the Federal Reserve 1987 - 2006. Alan Greenspan . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ayn Rand (1905 1982)

Ayn Rand (1905 1982)

Alan Greenspan, Chairman of the Federal Reserve 1987 - 2006

Alan Greenspan Ayn Rand became a stabilizing force in my life. It hadn't taken long for us to have a meeting of the minds -- mostly my mind meeting hers -- and in the fifties and early sixties I became a regular at the weekly gatherings at her apartment. She was a wholly original thinker, sharply analytical, strong-willed, highly principled, and very insistent on rationality as the highest value. In that regard, our values were congruent -- we agreed on the importance of mathematics and intellectual rigor.Alan Greenspan Ayn Rand became a stabilizing force in my life. It hadn't taken long for us to have a meeting of the minds -- mostly my mind meeting hers -- and in the fifties and early sixties I became a regular at the weekly gatherings at her apartment. She was a wholly original thinker, sharply analytical, strong-willed, highly principled, and very insistent on rationality as the highest value. In that regard, our values were congruent -- we agreed on the importance of mathematics and intellectual rigor.Ayn Rand and I remained close until she died in 1982, and I'm grateful for the influence she had on my life. I was intellectually limited until I met her. All of my work had been empirical and numbers-based, never values-oriented. I was a talented technician, but that was all. My logical positivism had discounted history and literature -- if you'd asked me whether Chaucer was worth reading, I'd have said, "Don't bother." Rand persuaded me to look at human beings, their values, how they work, what they do and why they do it, and how they think and why they think. This broadened my horizons far beyond the models of economics I'd learned. I began to study how societies form and how cultures behave, and to realize that economics and forecasting depend on such knowledge -- different cultures grow and create material wealth in profoundly different ways. Ayn Rand and I remained close until she died in 1982, and I'm grateful for the influence she had on my life. I was intellectually limited until I met her. All of my work had been empirical and numbers-based, never values-oriented. I was a talented technician, but that was all. My logical positivism had discounted history and literature -- if you'd asked me whether Chaucer was worth reading, I'd have said, "Don't bother." Rand persuaded me to look at human beings, their values, how they work, what they do and why they do it, and how they think and why they think. This broadened my horizons far beyond the models of economics I'd learned. I began to study how societies form and how cultures behave, and to realize that economics and forecasting depend on such knowledge -- different cultures grow and create material wealth in profoundly different ways. Paul Ryan, Congressman and former vice presidential candidate

Paul Ryan on Ayn Rand in 2005 to the Atlas Society

the lifeline feeding any social system is a cultures dominant philosophy and . . . Capitalism never had a philosophical base (24).The FountainheadHow do her heroes act?

How do her heroes act? They dont maximize their economic position

How do her heroes act? They dont maximize their economic positionThey are loners, exceptional men and women who are misunderstood by most, and who exercise the right to disagree

How do her heroes act? They dont maximize their economic positionThey are loners, exceptional men and women who are misunderstood by most, and who exercise the right to disagree They dont work well in corporations; they dont fit in; they only follow their ideals

Rand portrays not the rational, calculating economic actorRand portrays not the rational, calculating economic actorbut exemplifies in her characters and the world she constructs around them the philosophical base of capitalism, a world that is meant to reveal the values of capitalism Capitalism: The Unknown IdealIt is from the work and the inviolate integrity of . . . intransigent innovators that all of mankinds knowledge and achievements have come. (See The Fountainhead.) (9)

Capitalism: The Unknown IdealIt is from the work and the inviolate integrity of . . . intransigent innovators that all of mankinds knowledge and achievements have come. (See The Fountainhead.) (9)

Capitalism: The Unknown IdealIt is from the work and the inviolate integrity of . . . intransigent innovators that all of mankinds knowledge and achievements have come. (See The Fountainhead.) (9) Now observe that a free market does not level men down to come common denominatorthat the intellectual criteria of the majority do not rule a free market or a free societyand that the exceptional men, the innovators, the intellectual giants, are not held down by the majority. In fact, it is the members of this exceptional minority who lift the whole of a free society to the level of their own achievements, while rising further and ever further (18).

Capitalism: The Unknown IdealIt is from the work and the inviolate integrity of . . . intransigent innovators that all of mankinds knowledge and achievements have come. (See The Fountainhead.) (9) Now observe that a free market does not level men down to come common denominatorthat the intellectual criteria of the majority do not rule a free market or a free societyand that the exceptional men, the innovators, the intellectual giants, are not held down by the majority. In fact, it is the members of this exceptional minority who lift the whole of a free society to the level of their own achievements, while rising further and ever further (18).

Rands novel of ideasRoarks testimony and summation (pp. 677 685)Rands novel of ideasRoarks testimony and summation (pp. 677 685)Manifesto on great creatorsRands novel of ideasRoarks testimony and summation (pp. 677 685)Manifesto on great creatorsThe creators were not selfless. It is the whole secret of their powerthat it was self-sufficient, self-motivated, self-generated. A first cause, a fount of energy, a life force, a Prime Mover. The creator served nothing and no one. He had lived for himself." Rands novel of ideasRoarks testimony and summation (pp. 677 685)Manifesto on great creatorsThe creators were not selfless. It is the whole secret of their powerthat it was self-sufficient, self-motivated, self-generated. A first cause, a fount of energy, a life force, a Prime Mover. The creator served nothing and no one. He had lived for himself." Rands novel of ideasRoarks testimony and summation (pp. 677 685)Manifesto on great creatorsThe creators were not selfless. It is the whole secret of their powerthat it was self-sufficient, self-motivated, self-generated. A first cause, a fount of energy, a life force, a Prime Mover. The creator served nothing and no one. He had lived for himself. Dictators and rulers are falsely considered egoists. They are not. They are second-handers. Rulers of men are not egotists.Ayn Rand (1905 1982)Born Alissa Rosenbaum, in Soviet RussiaAyn Rand (1905 1982)Born Alissa Rosenbaum, in Soviet RussiaStudies at Petrograd State University but is prevented from graduating

Ayn Rand (1905 1982)Born Alissa Rosenbaum, in Soviet RussiaStudies at Petrograd State University but is prevented from graduatingmoves to United States in 1926

Encounters free-market economics in US

Ayn Rand (1905 1982)Born Alissa Rosenbaum, in Soviet RussiaStudies at Petrograd State University but is prevented from graduatingmoves to United States in 1926, where she encounters free-market economics in US

Ayn Rand (1905 1982)Born Alissa Rosenbaum, in Soviet RussiaStudies at Petrograd State University but is prevented from graduatingmoves to United States in 1926, where she encounters free-market economics in USObjectivism as inverted Martxism

Rands novel of ideasRoaks testimony (creators vs. second-handers)Rands novel of ideasRoaks testimony (creators vs. second-handers)Rands construction of characterThe Romantic ManifestoThe source of art lies in the fact that mans cognitive faculty is conceptuali.e., that man acquires knowledge and guides his actions, not by means of single, isolated precepts, but by means of abstractionsThe Romantic ManifestoMany readers of The Fountainhead had told me that the character of Howard Roark helped them to make a decision when they faced a moral dilemma. They asked themselves: What would Roark do in this situation?and, faster than their mind could identify the proper application of all the complex principles involved, the image of Roark gave them the answer. . . . Such is the psycho-epistemological function of a personified (concretized) human ideal (10).The Romantic ManifestoArt is concretization of metaphysics (8)

The Romantic ManifestoArt is concretization of metaphysics (8)

art is a philosophical composite (33)

The Romantic ManifestoArt is concretization of metaphysics (8)

art is a philosophical composite (33)

Romanticism defined as based on volition. Mans new enemy, in art, was Naturalism. Naturalism rejected the concept of volition and went back to a view of man as a helpless creature determined by forces beyond his control (117).

Rand on manifesto form:The dictionary definition of manifesto is: a public declaration of intentions, opinions, objectives or motives, as one issued by a government, sovereign, or organization. (The Random House Dictionary of the English Language, College Edition, 1968.)I must state, therefore, that this manifesto is not issued in the name of an organization or a movement. I speak only for myself. There is no Romantic movement today. If there is to be one in the art of the future, this book will have helped it to come into being.Rands novel of ideasRoaks testimony (creators vs. second-handers)Rands construction of character: character types