background information on the oedipus cycle three plays by sophocles

14
Background Information on the Oedipus Cycle Three plays by Sophocles

Upload: geraldine-murphy

Post on 12-Jan-2016

228 views

Category:

Documents


0 download

TRANSCRIPT

Page 1: Background Information on the Oedipus Cycle Three plays by Sophocles

Background Informationon the

Oedipus Cycle

Three plays by Sophocles

Page 2: Background Information on the Oedipus Cycle Three plays by Sophocles

Festival of Dionysus*

• Each year, playwrights were chosen to produce three tragedies and one comedy for a theatrical competition at the festival.

*the god of wine and fertility

Page 3: Background Information on the Oedipus Cycle Three plays by Sophocles

Ancient Greek Drama

•Plays were performed during the day in outdoor theaters built into hillsides (amphitheaters)

Page 4: Background Information on the Oedipus Cycle Three plays by Sophocles

The Cycle

Play # 1 = Oedipus Rex

(Oedipus the King)

Play # 2 = Oedipus at Colonus

Play # 3 = Antigone (441 B.C.)

Page 5: Background Information on the Oedipus Cycle Three plays by Sophocles

Ancient Greek Actors

Men wore elegant robes with huge masks and elevated shoes to seem larger than life. Masks had exaggerated mouthpieces that amplified their voices and expressed emotion visually.

Sophocles used three actors per play. They changed masks to change roles.

Page 6: Background Information on the Oedipus Cycle Three plays by Sophocles

The ChorusThe chorus was a group of 15 men who

spoke between scenes to comment on the action.

They sometimes participated in the dialogue as well.

The chorus was meant to represent the audiences perspective and response.

Page 7: Background Information on the Oedipus Cycle Three plays by Sophocles

Greek Tragedy

A tragedy is a play about the downfall of a dignified, superior character who is involved in historically or socially significant events.

Page 8: Background Information on the Oedipus Cycle Three plays by Sophocles

Tragic Heroes

• Tragic hero: character that is involved in conflict that builds from one event to the next until a catastrophe results.

*Fate and a tragic flaw also play key roles in the destruction of the hero’s life.

Page 9: Background Information on the Oedipus Cycle Three plays by Sophocles

Tragic Flaw

• Tragic flaw is usually a positive trait that turns negative that brings about, or contributes to, the tragic hero’s downfall. • Examples: pride

(hubris), honesty, honor, confidence, or generosity.

Page 10: Background Information on the Oedipus Cycle Three plays by Sophocles

Oedipus Rex

Watch the summary of Oedipus Rex to learn about this family that repeatedly faces tragic conflict.

Page 11: Background Information on the Oedipus Cycle Three plays by Sophocles

Conflicts and Concepts

• The play Antigone deals with divided loyalties and difficult choices: faith, family, or kingdom?

Page 12: Background Information on the Oedipus Cycle Three plays by Sophocles

Antigone’s conflict deals with differences among the following principles:

• Loyalty / obligations to family

• Obedience to civil law

• Observance of religious law

• Protection of personal dignity

• Freedom

• Protection of community or nation

Ideas to Develop into Themes in Antigone

Page 13: Background Information on the Oedipus Cycle Three plays by Sophocles

Civil Disobedience: Rebellion with Purpose & Consequence

Civil Disobedience: Choosing to disobey the law

as a matter of conscience,

and accepting the consequences.

• Rosa Parks:

refusing to relinquish her bus seat = arrested

• Conscientious objectors:

refusing to fight = jail

• Henry David Thoreau:

refusing to pay taxes so that his money won’t support programs he disagrees with = jail/fines

Page 14: Background Information on the Oedipus Cycle Three plays by Sophocles

Characters

Antigone (daughter of Oedipus & Jocasta)

Ismene (Antigone’s sensible sister)

Creon (Jocasta’s brother, Antigone’s Uncle)

Haemon (Creon’s son & Antigone’s fiancé)

Euridice (Creon’s wife)

Teiresias (a blind prophet)

Chorus (commentary/summaries in poetry)

Choragus (leader of the chorus)

A Sentry

A Messenger