baroque time period - steelton-highspire high school · pdf file differences with renaissance...

Click here to load reader

Post on 20-Aug-2020

3 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Baroque Time Period

    1600-1750

    Baroque = oddly shaped pearl

  • General Characteristics

    • Absolute Monarchy (Government ruled by a Monarch, much like a president)

    • Commercial music more important (secular) • High power of middle class • Huge exaggeration

  • Characteristics of Baroque Artwork

    • Fancy/elaborate • Gold used for detail • Beautiful • Energy • Light to Dark

  • Differences?

    Renaissance Art Baroque Art

  • Differences with Renaissance and

    Baroque Music Renaissance Baroque

    Melody Conjunct (step)-wide range Disjunct (leap), Melodic

    Sequence

    Harmony Controlled dissonance with

    emphasis on tension and

    release

    Major and minor tonality

    Rhythm Not complex, beginning to be

    notated

    Free rhythm, driving rhythms

    Form Strophic, Imitative Binary, Ternary, Ritornello,

    Fugue

    Texture Polyphonic (4-5) parts. Vocal

    and Instrumental of equal

    importance

    Homophonic

  • Musical developments from

    Renaissance to Baroque

    • Major/minor tonality • System of tuning • New instruments were

    invented

  • The Well Tempered Clavier

    • Book written by J.S. Bach • Described the tuning system for major and minor

    tonalities.

    • Collection of solo keyboard music written in every key signature

  • Famous Baroque Composers

    Claudio Monteverdi- May 15, 1567 (baptized)-

    November 29, 1643

    Henry Purcell- Sept. 10,

    1659- November 21,

    1695

    Johann Sebastian

    Bach- March 21, 1685-July

    28, 1750

    George Frederic

    Handel- Feb. 23, 1685- April

    14, 1759

  • Vocal forms

    • Cantata-Vocal song with instrument accompaniment

    • Opera-Form of drama • Chorale-Hymn or 4 part vocal work • Oratorio-Large music composition, orchestra

    and choir.

  • Instrumental Forms

    • Suite- Series of little dances • Concerto- for solo instrument and ensemble • Sonata- Instrumental song • Fugue-Imitative, parts enter at different times

    and repeat the melody

  • Sequence

    • A motive that is repeated in a melody, that moves up or down in a scale.

    • Example: Jaws theme

  • Music Elaboration

    • Trumpets were used more • Addition of Timpani • Larger ensembles

  • Doctorine of Affections

    • Music appealed to emotions • Music evoked one emotion throughout the

    whole piece

  • Fugue

    X is subject, ~ is countersubject

    X ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    X ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    X ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    X ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

  • Why end the Baroque at 1750?

    • It is the year J.S. Bach died.

  • Ritornello form

    • A reoccurring passage, much like a refrain or chorus

    • Italian for “little return”

  • Concerto Grosso

    • A large scale concerto called a concertino vs. the whole ensemble

    • String quartet soli section in the middle of a work

  • Ground Bass

    • A bass line which is repeated throughout the whole song

    • Ex. Pachelbel's Cannon

  • Basso Continuo

    • The “rhythm section” of a piece of music • Must contain a chordal instrument (guitar or

    piano)

    • Must contain a bass instrument (cello, bassoon, trombone)

    • Both parts work together to support the melody

    • Often improvised

  • Development of Instrumental Music

    • New forms of music • Improved tuning • Increased use of trumpets and timpani • Musicians used For balls and dances

  • Baroque Instruments

    • Strings – Baroque

    Guitar

    • Woodwind – Oboe

    • Brass – Serpent

    • Keyboard – Harpsichord

  • Listening example 1

    • Composer: Johann Sebastian Bach • Title: “Toccata and Fugue in D minor” • Date:1707 • Texture: Polyphonic • Form: Fugue • Additional Information: Bach’s most famous

    fugue

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ipzR9bhei_o &safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1

  • Listening example 2

    • Composer Antonio Vivaldi • Title: “Spring” from the Four Seasons • Date: 1723 • Texture: Homophonic • Form: Concerto • Additional information: used on the Zales

    commercial.

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l- dYNttdgl0&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_m ode=1