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    what makes apicture a good

    picture?

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    Understanding LightThe most essential element in

    photography. It is the deciding factor of

    whether the photograph will be

    spectacular or terrible.

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    Dawn light

    Mid-morning

    Midday

    Mid-afternoon

    Sunset

    2 Types of light

    Natural Light Artificial Light

    Flash

    Bulbs

    Florescent

    Candle light

    Etc..

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    Dawn Light - is one of the most photogenic times of day, any light

    present is reflected from the sky so it is very soft, shadows are

    weak and the world takes on a sinister blue/grey hue.

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    Mid-morning - light is very crisp and neutral, revealing

    scenes in all natural beauty

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    Midday - the light is very harsh and intense. As the sun is almost

    overhead, the lighting is very bland. People look pale and pasty and

    their eyes are turned into lifeless black holes by the hard shadows

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    Mid-afternoon - the light warms up and shadows become

    longer, revealing texture and modeling to give your pictures

    a real three-dimensional feel.

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    Sunset - is one of the most amazing and photogenic sights

    youll ever encounter

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    light angles

    Frontlighting

    Diffused Frontlighting

    BacklightingSidelighting

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    Frontlight

    What is it: Its fair to say the majority of photographs taken are

    examples of frontlighting. It is what is most familiar - the sun

    provides the lighting for the photo. Imagine that a giant

    spotlight was mounted to the top of your digital camera instead

    of a flash. Thats exactly what frontlighting is.

    What is it good for: Just about anything - this is the basic type of

    light. Frontlighting is the basis behind most forms of landscape

    photography, since it is capable of creating evenly exposed

    scenes with striking skies. Camera exposure meters generally

    thrive in a front-lit environment, making it a great type of light

    for snapshots or other on-the-go photos.

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    Diffused Frontlighting

    What is it: A specific type of frontlighting that loses some of its

    directionality. A common side-effect of overcast days, diffused

    frontlight results in an image that is more evenly illuminated than a

    simple frontlit photo alone.

    What is it good for: This is another safe type of lighting that most

    digital cameras handle with ease. Because the diffusion reduces

    shadows, its great lighting for portraits, macro photography or

    other detail shots.

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    Backlighting

    What is it: A subject directly in front of the primary light source.

    What is it good for: Backlighting is used to produce sharp

    silhouettes or interesting lighting effects

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    Sidelighting

    What is it: Just like it sounds: the primary light source is positioned

    to the side of the subject.

    What is it good for: Sidelighting is arguably the most aesthetically-

    interesting of all forms of light. Sidelighting can produce some ofthe most dramatic and interesting effects.

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    Composition Techniques

    One Center of Interest/simplicity

    The Rule of Thirds

    Lines of Direction

    Placement

    S Curve

    composition is the placement or

    arrangement of visual elements or

    ingredients in a work of art

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    1: One Center of InterestEvery picture requires one and only one definite center of interest. More than one point

    of interest, if unavoidable, should lead to each other visually. In other words, the eye

    should easily travel to each point of interest without being led out of the picture area.

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    2: The Rule of Thirdsis a guideline commonly followed by visual artists. The objective is to stop the subject

    (s) and areas of interest (such as the horizon) from bisecting the image, by placing

    them near one of the lines that would divide the image into three equal columns and

    rows, ideally near the intersection of those lines

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    4: PlacementAlways place the principal subject of interest away from the exact center of the

    picture area to get more visual impact.

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    5: S CurveThe graceful S curve is one of the most beautiful of all compositional devices

    you can use.

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    Other Points to Consider:

    The rule of space

    applies to artwork

    (photography,

    advertising,

    illustration) picturing

    object(s): - to whichthe artist wants to

    apply the illusion of

    movement, or - which

    is supposed to create

    a contextual bubble in

    the viewer's mind

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    Highlights... Bright areas

    should never be on the edges

    of pictures, they pull the eye

    outwards to the edges..

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    Foreign Bodies...

    Watch out for the

    'classical' post

    growing out of the

    top of a head. That

    type of thing

    happens withamazing regularity.

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    Clutter... Keep subjects simple if possible. A busy and cluttered

    background almost invariably detracts from a picture unless

    well out of focus.

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    Portraits... Keep the eyes sharp and above the centre line. Allow the eyes to tiltand not be horizontal. Be careful of the position of hands - they can look awkward,

    and don't get too close with a short focal length lens.

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    what makes a

    picture a goodpicture?

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    New concept

    Emotion / expressive/energy

    Light

    Symmetry

    Overwhelming / compelling

    Narrative

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    New concept

    Emotion / expressive/energy

    Light

    Symmetry

    Overwhelming / compelling

    Narrative