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  • 2009

    Revistina | Fere

    UAMN BEACH VOLLEYBALL

  • 2

    Contenido Chapter 1 ............................................................................................................................................. 3

    Beach volleyball ............................................................................................................................. 3

    History ........................................................................................................................................... 5

    Chapter 2 ............................................................................................................................................. 5

    [edit] Rules and Gameplay ....................................................................................................... 8

    Chapter 3 ............................................................................................................................................. 9

    [edit] Rule Differences Between Beach and Indoor ...................................................... 9

    Chapter 4 ........................................................................................................................................... 12

    Chapter 5 ........................................................................................................................................... 15

    [edit] Governing Bodies.......................................................................................................... 15

    Lifestyle and culture ................................................................................................................ 17

  • 3

    Chapter 1

    Beach volleyball

    Beach volleyball players in Hawai'i, ca. 1915. Duke Kahanamoku is at far right.

    Beach volleyball, or sand volleyball, is an Olympic team sport played on sand. Like other variations of volleyball, two teams, separated by a high net, try to score points against the other by grounding a ball on the other team's court. Competitive beach volleyball teams usually consist of two players, though recreational variations can contain up to six players.

    Originating in Southern California, beach volleyball now enjoys worldwide popularity, even in countries without traditional beaches, like Switzerland.

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    History

    Though popularized in Southern California, the first recorded beach volleyball games took place on the beaches of Waikiki in Honolulu, Hawai'i at the Outrigger Canoe Club.

    [1] Originally designed to give

    bored surfers something to do when the surf was down, the game quickly developed into more organized six-man matches. The most famous early player was legendary waterman, Duke Kahanamoku.

    In 1920, construction of new jetties in Santa Monica, California created a large sandy area for public enjoyment, planting the seed for beach volleyball development in that region. The first permanent nets began to appear, and recreational games were soon being played on public parts of the beach, as well as in private beach clubs. 11 such beach clubs appeared in the Santa Monica area, beginning in late 1922. The first inter-club competitions were staged in 1924, marking the first beach volleyball tournaments to be played in California.

    Most of these early beach volleyball matches were played with teams of at least six players per side, much like indoor volleyball. The concept of the modern two-man beach volleyball game, however, is credited to Paul "Pablo" Johnson, an indoor player.

    [2] In the

    summer of 1930, while waiting for players to show up

    Chapter 2

  • 6

    for a six-man game, Johnson decided to try playing with only the four people present. The game was forever changed.

    Beach volleyball began to appear in Europe in the 1930s. By the 1940s, doubles tournaments were being played on the beaches of Santa Monica for trophies. In the 1960s, an attempt to start a professional volleyball league was made in Santa Monica. It failed, but a

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    professional tournament was held in France for 30,000 French francs.

    [citation needed] The first Manhattan Beach

    Open was held in 1960. The tournament is now considered the "Wimbledon of Beach Volleyball".

    [citation

    needed]

    In the 1970s, a few professional tournaments in Santa Monica were sponsored by beer and cigarette companies.

    [citation needed]

    At the professional level, the sport remained fairly obscure until the 1980s when beach volleyball experienced a surge in popularity. Players like Karch Kiraly and Sinjin Smith became household names.

    [citation

    needed] In 1987, the FIVB created the first World Beach

    Volleyball Championships, played in Rio de Janiero, Brazil. The FIVB began organizing worldwide professional tournaments, and laid the groundwork for the sport's Olympic debut in 1996.

    [3]

    Despite its increased popularity in the 80's and 90's, American beach volleyball suffered setbacks. In early 1998, the American women's professional tour - the WPVA - closed its doors and filed for bankruptcy. Later that same year, the American professional men's tour - the AVP - also filed for bankruptcy, plagued by problems as a player-run organization.

    [3]

    In 2001, the AVP reemerged as a for-profit, publicly-traded company that combined the men's and women's professional tours, with equal prize money for both sexes.

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    Kerri Walsh and Misty May-Treanor, who won two consecutive gold medals in 2004 and 2008 Summer Olympics, were named "the greatest beach volleyball team of all time".

    [4] Among female beach volleyball

    players, May-Treanor has the record of most tournaments won with 103 career wins.

    [5]

    See also: Volleyball: Origin of the game

    [edit] Rules and Gameplay

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    This section requires expansion.

    Chapter 3

    [edit] Rule Differences Between Beach and Indoor

    Beach volleyball is fundamentally similar to indoor volleyball: a team scores points by grounding the ball on the opponents' court, or when the opposing team commits a fault (error or illegal action); teams can contact the ball no more than three times before the ball crosses the net; and consecutive contacts must be made by different players.

    The major differences between beach and indoor volleyball are:

    Playing surface: sand, rather than a hard floor Team size: two players per team, rather than six

    Other differences include:[6]

    The beach court measures 26.25 feet by 52.5 feet (8.00 m 16.00 m), while the indoor court measures 29.52 feet by 59.05 feet (9.00 m 18.00 m).

    A match consists of a best two of three set format. A set is won by the first team to reach 21 points with a two point advantage. The first team to win two sets wins the match, and a third set tiebreaker,

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    if necessary, is won by the first team to reach 15 points with a two point advantage.

    Teams change playing sides of the court at every combined multiple of 7 points in the first and second set. For example, if Team A has 10 points and Team B also has 10, then the next point will cause both teams to switch sides, the total score of 21 being a multiple of 7. On the third set, teams change sides of the court at every combined multiple of 5 points.

    It is legal to cross under the net as long as doing so does not interfere with the opponents' attempt to play the ball.

    Players alternate service, but are not required to rotate positions;

    There are no 'rotation errors'. There are no ten-foot line (3-meter line) hitting

    restrictions.

    There are no substitutions. Most players, either by choice or by requirement of

    the rules, play the game barefoot.

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    Chapter 4

    A beach volleyball.

    The ball is softer, has a lower internal pressure, and is slightly bigger than an indoor volleyball.

    Overhand finger passes are refereed more strictly in the United States of America:

    An overhand pass must be redirected

    squarely to the shoulders if place over the net in an attacking motion. When receiving a ball from a hit that is not hard driven, little or no spin on the ball (a "clean" pass) must be attempted. In practice, this means that serves are never received open-handed, even thought it could be allowed. The exception to this rule is when receiving an opponent's hard-driven attack which allows a double contact and/or a slight lift of the ball.

    When employing an overhand pass, the standard for a double contact fault is lower than when receiving or attacking, though still much stricter than in indoor volleyball. The standard for a lift fault is less strict than in the indoor game, ie. it is legal to allow the ball to come to rest for a small period of time.

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    Although you are allowed to "tip" the ball as you would in indoor volleyball, you must contact it with a closed hand or with the top of your hand. An open hand tip, in beach volleyball, is considered a carry ball. Therefore, you may contact it with a cobra (your index and middle finger curled as you contact it with those two fingers only), a camel toe (all five fingers extend as you poke at the ball with them), or a regular closed fist. The cobra is the preferred method of tipping in beach volleyball today.

    Block Signals

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    A player indicating that she will block "line" on both sides.

    Beach volleyball players use hand signals to indicate the type of block they intend to make, also known as block signals. Block signals are made behind the back to h

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