Benefits of ‘ After ’ School Activities
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DESCRIPTIONBenefits of After School Activities. Ruth Falzon March 22, 2011. EDUCATION?. What does after school activities tell us about school? How are our schools defining education? Are our schools reflecting the profile of our present civilisation?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Benefits of After School Activities
Ruth Falzon March 22, 2011
*What does after school activities tell us about school?How are our schools defining education?Are our schools reflecting the profile of our present civilisation?EDUCATION?
*Schools Success? Longstanding culture of prioritizing academic skills and excellence; Overwhelmingly focused on improving GCSE (SEC) scores;Little time & resources devoted work-related learning;Closed off from the outside world; What about the NEETs -the other 50% (those Not in Education, Employment or Training)
Birdwell, Grist & Margo (2011)
Injecting character into the curriculum
We recommend that schools & colleges should provide further time for, and investment in, enrichment Frameworks that help to prioritize and capture life skills and other employability skills. Extracurricular activities outside the classroom can help young people develop life skills, but our research revealed that few young people take part in them and schools only give students limited encouragement.
Birdwell, Grist & Margo (2011)
Schools Success for whom?
Amongst Core characteristics employers look for are soft skills, positive attitudes motivation and flexibility.
These include willingness to work willingness to learn, appearance, behaviour, confidence, positive gestures and mannerisms.
Newton et al (2005); Taylor (2005) Winterbotham et al ( 2001)
*Education and the Future?Degrees /job guarantee (e.g. 50% of Knowledge of Graduate engineers becomes obsolete within a span of 5 years)90% of our present 7-year olds will be in jobs which do not yet existWorkless people have attitudinal barriers -lack of confidence in ability to learn; increasing lack of training motivation with age (Newton et al, 2005).
Accessibility for ALLThe Matthew Effect (2010)
For whosoever hath, to him shall be given and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath. (Matthew Chap. 12-Verse 12)
*What makes the difference?
National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center USA (NYVPRC)
After-school hours are the peak time for juvenile crimes and risky behaviors, including alcohol and drug use. Children are at the highest risk of becoming a victim of violence after school, particularly between 14:00. and 18:00 Highest amount of juvenile crime occurs between 15:00. and 16:00 (School dismissal).
*...NYVPRCStudents who spend no time in after-school activities are 49 % more likely to have used drugs
Students who spend no time in after-school activities are 37 % more likely to become teen parents than students who spend 1-4 hrs a week in after-school activities (Westat, Inc. analysis of national data,1995)
After-school programs prevent pregnancy by promoting sound judgment, offering health education, and providing positive alternatives to sexual activity ("Child Trends Research Brief," May 2002)
If youth stay involved in after-school activities through adolescence, they are more likely to attend college, vote and volunteer as adults. (Zaff and Moore, et al. 2003)
It is estimated that every $1 spent on ASAs/ASPs will save taxpayers $3 because of reductions in youth crime, teen parenthood and school dropout rates.
This cost benefit is in addition to the life-long love of learning, improved level of education, and contributions in civic life that results from participation in after-school programs and activities.
*A Meta-Analysis of After-School Programs That Seek to Promote Personal and Social Skills in Children and Adolescents concluded:Increases in self-perceptions feelings and attitudesbonding to schoolpositive social behaviors - behavioral adjustmentschool performance/ of academic achievementReductions inproblem behaviorsproblem behaviors drug use Durlak, Weissberg & Pachan (2010)
*Two reasons for ASP/ASAsChildren/adolescents need guidance to grow into productive adulthood. ASPs and ASAs keep youth busy between 2pm and 6 pm;ASPs/ASAs can provide extra time for career exploration, skill development, service learning and internships to prepare them for future education and work.
*Effectiveness of ASP/ASAs?ASP/ASAs support and complement classroom learning by emphasizing social, emotional and physical development. ASP/ASAs provide opportunities for informal learning.Provide positive emotional climate without harsh, punitive controlling adult supervision.Provide activities that support socialization with peers. Include time for physical and creative activity.
(Why not also SCHOOL learning?)
*Before- and After-school Activities - FINLANDA Meaningful Free Time Every Childs Right Law for provision came into force on 1st August 2004Voluntary attendance for childrenNational Board of Education guidelinesDefine the objects of the activities and the central contentsDefine qualifications required To improve the quality
The Qualifications required of Instructors (Finland)Suitable higher academic degree (160 credits), the Master's degree, vocational initial qualification or special vocational qualification and the skill to act as an instructor of the group of children.
Julia Margo, IPPR senior research fellow
British teenagers are more likely to get into fights, hang out with other teenagers, binge drink, take drugs & have underage/ unprotected sex, spend more time 'hanging out' with their mates, and less with adults than teenagers in most other European countries. .. British adults are less likely to intervene to stop teenagers committing vandalism and other antisocial behaviour.
NHS leaflet'an orgasm a day keeps the doctor away
*UK Department of Children, Schools and Families (2007)
Over the next three years, we will provide an additional 265m to enable extended schools to do more to support disadvantaged children and young people. By year three, funding will enable all schools to offer those children two hours per week of group activities in term time, plus 30 hours of additional activities over the holidays.
*BBC PollNICOLA PEARSON (29-08- 2010) After-school children's clubs too expensive67% of UK parents cannot afford after school activities. 50% of UK parents paying more than 10 per child per weekMost parents thought that their children would miss out if they did not take part in such activities
Sunday Times of Malta, 12-12-2010Drinks for underage youths in Paceville? No problem.
*Education Act Part 1
Obligations of the State.4. It is the duty of the State -(a) to promote education and instruction;(b) to ensure the existence of a system of schools and institutions accessible to all Maltese citizens catering for the full development of the whole personality including the ability of every person to work;
*Minister Lawrence Gonzi (2007)Our vision is of an intelligent European, Mediterranean island nation, promoting peace, security, justice and well-being, a smart hub generating wealth and prosperity and an incubator fostering expertise, innova