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Biosolids Processing/ Product Technologies Biosolids Processing/ Product Technologies SCAP Workshop September 28, 2004 SCAP Workshop September 28, 2004 Fred Soroushian Fred Soroushian

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  • Biosolids Processing/ Product TechnologiesBiosolids Processing/ Product Technologies

    SCAP WorkshopSeptember 28, 2004

    SCAP WorkshopSeptember 28, 2004

    Fred SoroushianFred Soroushian

  • Elements of Biosolids Management ProgramElements of Biosolids Management Program

    Biosolids TreatmentBiosolids Biosolids TreatmentTreatment

    Biosolids Processing/ Product Technologies Biosolids Processing/ Biosolids Processing/ Product Technologies Product Technologies

    MarketsMarketsMarkets

  • Product Markets and Product Technologies Integration

    Product Markets and Product Technologies Integration

    CompostingCompostingHeat

    DryingHeat

    DryingOrgano-Mineral

    FertilizerOrgano-Mineral

    Fertilizer VitrificatonVitrificaton PyrolysisPyrolysis CombustionCombustion

    LandscapingLandscaping

    Nurseries &OrnamentalsNurseries &Ornamentals

    Retail OutletsRetail Outlets

    Construction MaterialsConstruction Materials

    Energy ProductionEnergy Production

  • Product Manufacturing Technologies

    Product Manufacturing Technologies

    Products for Cropping Markets

    Products for Products for Cropping MarketsCropping Markets

    Products for Energy Markets

    Products for Products for Energy MarketsEnergy Markets

    Products for Construction Markets

    Products for Products for Construction MarketsConstruction Markets

  • Product Technologies to serve Cropping marketsProduct Technologies to serve Cropping markets

    Class A Anaerobic DigestionSolar DryingCompostingChemical StabilizationHeat Drying (Pellets)Organo-Mineral Fertilizer ProductionBactericides

    Class A Anaerobic DigestionSolar DryingCompostingChemical StabilizationHeat Drying (Pellets)Organo-Mineral Fertilizer ProductionBactericides

  • Composting ProcessComposting Process

    FeedstockPreparation

    Biosolids MakeupAmendments

    Composting CuringScreening

    MarketRecycle Amendments

  • Composting TechnologiesComposting Technologies

    FeedstockPreparation

    Biosolids MakeupAmendments

    Composting CuringScreening

    MarketRecycle Amendments

    Technologies Varyin CompostingMethod Only

  • Composting TechnologiesComposting Technologies

    Windrow

    Aerated Static Pile

    In-Vessel (IPS, Longwood, HotRot, American Biotec)

    Vermiculture

    Windrow

    Aerated Static Pile

    In-Vessel (IPS, Longwood, HotRot, American Biotec)

    Vermiculture

  • Open-air Windrow CompostingOpen-air Windrow Composting

    Windrow Piles Turning Machine

  • Aerated Static Pile CompostingAerated Static Pile Composting

  • Agitated Bin In-vessel CompostingAgitated Bin In-vessel Composting

    CompostingBin

    Bin Agitator

  • HotRot In-Vessel CompostingHotRot In-Vessel Composting

  • Mixing, Screening, Curing & StorageMixing, Screening, Curing & Storage

    Curing Storage

    ScreeningMixing Equipment

  • Chemical StabilizationChemical Stabilization

    Neat Alkali Stabilization (RDP, Bioset)

    Fly Ash Stabilization (N-Viro)

    Neutralization

    Neat Alkali Stabilization (RDP, Bioset)

    Fly Ash Stabilization (N-Viro)

    Neutralization

  • RDP Lime Stabilization ProcessRDP Lime Stabilization Process

  • N-Viro Lime Stabilization ProcessN-Viro Lime Stabilization Process

  • Lime Stabilization Processes Lime Stabilization Processes

    N-Viro ProcessRDP Process

  • Heat DryingHeat Drying

    Direct Drying (Rotary Drum, Belt, Flash & Fluidized Bed Dryers)

    Indirect Drying (Disk, Paddle, Multiple Heart, Rotary Drum & Fluidized Bed Dryers)

    Direct Drying (Rotary Drum, Belt, Flash & Fluidized Bed Dryers)

    Indirect Drying (Disk, Paddle, Multiple Heart, Rotary Drum & Fluidized Bed Dryers)

  • Direct Rotary Drum Dryer SystemDirect Rotary Drum Dryer System

    Biosolids

    Screen

    Market

    Recycled Hot Air

    Rotary DrumDryer

    HeatSource

    Hot AirAir/SolidsSeparator

    Pellet Coolingand Storage

    Recycled Material

    Air Scrubber

    Exhaust

    PelletGrinder

    Undersize Pellets

    Oversize Pellets

  • Indirect Dryer SystemIndirect Dryer System

    Biosolids

    Market

    Hot Oil, Water or Steam Supply & Return

    IndirectDryer

    Air/SolidsSeparator

    ProductCooling/Storage

    Air Scrubber

    Exhaust

    Heat Exchanger

  • Rotary Drum DryersRotary Drum Dryers

  • Belt and Paddle DryersBelt and Paddle Dryers

    Belt Dryer Paddle Dryer

  • Product Technologies to Serve Energy MarketsProduct Technologies to Serve Energy Markets

    Heat DryingPyrolysisGasification/Starved Air CombustionThermal Oxidation (Combustion/Co-combustion)Super Critical Water OxidationDeep-well Energy Recovery

    Heat DryingPyrolysisGasification/Starved Air CombustionThermal Oxidation (Combustion/Co-combustion)Super Critical Water OxidationDeep-well Energy Recovery

    Multiple Hearth FurnaceMultiple Hearth Furnace

    Fluidized Bed FurnaceFluidized Bed Furnace

    Gasification and ThermalOxidation Processes

    Gasification and ThermalOxidation Processes

  • PyrolysisPyrolysis

    No OxygenLow-Temperature (

  • Enersludge ProcessEnersludge Process

  • Deep-Well Energy Recovery ProcessDeep-Well Energy Recovery Process

    Water Tank

    Slurry Storage& Injection

    Cake Hopper & Grinder

    Slurry Prep.& Screening

    InjectionWell

    Gas RecoveryWell

  • Product Technologies to Serve Construction MarketsProduct Technologies to Serve Construction Markets

    Vitrification

    Drying with Heated Soils

    Mixing Class A Cake with Inert Material

    Vitrification

    Drying with Heated Soils

    Mixing Class A Cake with Inert Material

  • Vitrification ProcessVitrification Process

  • Minergy VitrificationMinergy Vitrification

    Minergy’s GlassPack PlantWinneconne, Wisconsin

    Minergy’s GlassPack PlantWinneconne, Wisconsin

  • Long-Term Sustainability= Diversification

    Long-Term Sustainability= Diversification

    Multiple Technologies

    Multiple Sites

    Multiple Technologies

    Multiple Sites

    Multiple Products / Markets

    Failsafe Backup Options

    Multiple Products / Markets

    Failsafe Backup Options

  • History of Biosolids ManagementHistory of Biosolids Management

    1980’s1980’s

    1990’s1990’s

    2000’s2000’s

    Biosolids Processing/ Product TechnologiesElements of Biosolids Management ProgramProduct Markets and Product Technologies IntegrationProduct Manufacturing TechnologiesProduct Technologies to serve Cropping marketsComposting ProcessComposting TechnologiesComposting TechnologiesOpen-air Windrow CompostingAerated Static Pile CompostingAgitated Bin In-vessel CompostingHotRot In-Vessel CompostingMixing, Screening, Curing & StorageChemical StabilizationRDP Lime Stabilization ProcessN-Viro Lime Stabilization ProcessLime Stabilization ProcessesHeat DryingDirect Rotary Drum Dryer SystemIndirect Dryer SystemRotary Drum DryersBelt and Paddle DryersProduct Technologies to Serve Energy MarketsPyrolysisEnersludge ProcessDeep-Well Energy Recovery ProcessProduct Technologies to Serve Construction MarketsVitrification ProcessMinergy VitrificationLong-Term Sustainability= DiversificationHistory of Biosolids Management